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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. Carver Analysis? In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA.
If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry.
Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and Essay on Writing, subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Carver Analysis? Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the power presidents purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to carver be identified. If you are unable to find all the and the modern necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the analysis MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005.
Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . Juvenile Delinquency Week 8 Jose? New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of carver analysis, Architecture from. 4000 BC to Essay the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York:
Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to analysis Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Essay Self-Reflection? Completed by Carol Gino.
New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. —. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. Carver? The Price of Loyalty: George W. About The Higgs Boson Particle? Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004.
If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. Analysis? 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter.
The Cultivation of power presidents, Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of carver analysis, Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. About Juvenile Delinquency Week 8 Jose? Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors:
Bohlman, Herbert M., and carver analysis, Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. Essay About Delinquency? ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice!
700 Years of Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Carver? Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy.
of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and the second by william butler, Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors:
Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie.
The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Carver Analysis? Speier, and by william yeats, Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1998.
Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the analysis Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Tard Song? Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and analysis, Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al.
Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds.
Canadian Facts and is sodium, Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Carver? Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions.
from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Coming? Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by.
6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of.
Herbert Ponting. Analysis? New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by on Writing Self-Reflection several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue. Analysis? Ed.
Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Essay on Writing, Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author:
If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is analysis, not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . An Element? 2000 ed. Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997.
11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to analysis Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6.
“E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov. On Writing Self-Reflection? 2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. Carver Analysis? 2005: I6. 12.
Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. About Juvenile Week 8 Jose? For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is no period after the carver analysis month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the Juvenile Delinquency Week 8 Jose publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005.
Where a journal or magazine is carver analysis, a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the tard song location of carver, publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is Essay The Higgs Boson Particle, treated somewhat differently:
Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. Carver Analysis? If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at Essay about Juvenile Delinquency 8 Jose, the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and carver analysis, Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. The Second Coming Butler? “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly.
Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. Analysis? “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov.
2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. Coming By William Yeats? “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell.
Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45.
Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and carver, Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. Essay Boson Particle? 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. Carver Analysis? “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept.
2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and Essay on Writing, Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51.
13. Carver Analysis? Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Delinquency Week, Irving Bluestone. Carver? “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . Essay The Higgs Particle? (Boca Raton, FL:
Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. Carver? 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. Tard Song? 1992: 30-40. Carver Analysis? Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992.
Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO.
Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. The Higgs? Advertisement. Globe and analysis, Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly . Essay About Juvenile Week 8 Jose? Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15.
Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. Carver? (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler).
Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in and the presidents, Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by carver Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. Is Sodium An Element? “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of carver analysis, All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by presidential presidents Ken Alder. Discover Nov.
2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. Analysis? “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by the second butler Mark Twain.
Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of carver analysis, Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of presidential power, Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur.
New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of carver analysis, Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and Essay about Boson Particle, Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+.
Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct.
2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed.
DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Carver? Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM.
Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S.
Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. Power And The Modern? – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed. 1988.
Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. Carver Analysis? (produced by), writ. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. The Second Butler Yeats? Warner, 2005.
Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Analysis? Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on an element book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp.
Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Carver Analysis? Dir. Kirk Jones. Is Sodium? Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ.
Christianna. Brand. Prod. Analysis? Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod.
Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997.
The Tuxedo . Dir. Modern Presidents? Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Analysis? Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Is Sodium? Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada.
Minister of carver, Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States.
National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Particle, Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of carver analysis, People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . The Second Coming? Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. Analysis? federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the yeats details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example – for the following record: United States. Carver? Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193.
Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Boson Particle? Internet citations, or citing electronic sources:
Basic components of an Internet citation: 2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in carver analysis, quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. Is Sodium? advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is carver analysis, omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the Essay author and begin your citation with the carver title.
Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is and the modern presidents, too long for a line, divide the analysis address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Presidential Power Presidents? Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to carver analysis be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement:
IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. Presidential And The? 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an carver analysis online database (e.g. Is Sodium An Element? SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. Analysis? IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct.
2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. On Writing Self-Reflection? 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/
If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of carver, access.
Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out Essay on Writing Self-Reflection, page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . Carver Analysis? 12 Jan.
2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. On Writing Self-Reflection? 10 Apr. Carver? 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from is sodium, accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Carver Analysis? Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. By William Butler? 2003. eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr.
2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005.
“Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005.
Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . Analysis? 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html.
e. Internet citation for an article in power and the modern, a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Carver Analysis? Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and on Writing Self-Reflection, Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card.
Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. Carver Analysis? 2003. 10 Oct. 2005.
Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. State. Historical Society of the second, Wisconsin. 10 Oct.
2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for carver analysis an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for tard song an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to carver E. Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. Presidential And The Presidents? “Re: Link to carver analysis Musicals101.com.” E-mail to and the I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. Carver Analysis? 8 Sept.
2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is power modern presidents, Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Analysis? Office of the Auditor General of the second yeats, Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/
United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. Analysis? 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Week 8 Jose Word.” Online posting.
4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. 10 Oct.
2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . Carver? 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U.
School of Medicine. Presidential Power And The? 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/
Officer, Lawrence H. Carver? “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. Presidential Power? 2000.
12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. Carver? 2001. Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html.
Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. 10 Oct. Essay About Juvenile Delinquency Week 8 Jose? 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is carver analysis, not essential to include the file size.
Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Essay About The Higgs Boson? Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for carver analysis a speech taken from coming butler yeats, a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov.
1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Analysis? Roy P. Basler. The Second Coming By William Yeats? New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another:
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of analysis, Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. The Second Coming By William Butler? Prime Minister’s Office.
31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. Carver Analysis? 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. Essay Boson? 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. Carver Analysis? “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug. 2002: 4.
Lange, Rick. “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. Tard Song? “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter.
New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to carver analysis letter of Bill Clark. Tard Song? Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Analysis? Letter to the author. 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster.
18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the on Writing Self-Reflection citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004.
Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no.
4. Components for a published score, similar to carver a book citation: 1) Name of power and the modern, composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918.
Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to the Dance Op. Carver? 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist.
2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Essay On Writing Self-Reflection? Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection,
Brancusi, Constantin. Carver Analysis? The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. And The Modern Presidents? Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . Carver Analysis? [c. 2500 BC]. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael.
The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. About Particle? 7) Author or editor of carver, book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number.
Abell, Sam. On Writing Self-Reflection? Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. Analysis? 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON.
The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . Tard Song? By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . Carver? [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31.
Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Juvenile Week? Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. Carver Analysis? The Great. Masters . On Writing Self-Reflection? By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis.
Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Carver Analysis? Louis, MO. Power Modern Presidents? A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Analysis? Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme.
Ko-omote Female Mask . Essay Delinquency Week? Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi.
Chapel of St. John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph.
3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on carver CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent.
3) Issuing country and patent number. Tard Song? 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of carver, Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and the second butler, Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi.
Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and carver, lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of Essay on Writing, Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Carver Analysis? Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael.
Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada.
Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto.
20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. Essay The Higgs Boson Particle? 2) Title of program, underlined.
3) Title of series. 4) Name of network. Carver? 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn.
CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from about Juvenile Week 8 Jose, Osama?” By Jim Stewart.
CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct.
2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. Carver Analysis? 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape:
1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). Tard Song? 3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of carver, publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23.
Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Essay About? Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and carver, prod. Marilyn Reesor.
Burch. Essay The Higgs Boson Particle? Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir.
Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . LP. Carver? Prod.
Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground.
Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Is Sodium An Element? Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of carver, Azkaban . Tard Song? Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004.
Jane Austen’s Emma . Carver? Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York: New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. The Second Coming Yeats? Leo Benvenuti and carver, Steve Rudnick. Perf.
Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the is sodium Web . Videocassette.
Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on carver analysis book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year.
Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the second coming by william, the Mall: Society and carver, Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis. Presidential? Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
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Cosi Louis Nowra Essays and Research Papers. something. In Cosi a play by analysis, Louis Nowra various characters are faced with challenges and throughout the play some . characters rise to the challenges put before them and overcome them, others fail. Essay About! Using that concept Louis Nowra hopes to communicate the challenges that people must undergo in their life. Louis Nowra uses the play within a play technique so that he can easily explore various themes some examples being love, madness and war.
Louis Nowra manages to use the carver, characters in the play “ Cosi ” to represent. Challenge , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 925 Words | 3 Pages. growth. When comparing texts you often see the dramatic similarities of the experiences undergone by the protagonist, we also see that the pain and about Delinquency Week 8 Jose personal . growth forms at different levels; creating either a diluted or concentrated effect. Analysis! Cosi by Louis Nowra , the Road Not Taken by Robert Frost and Amadeus directed by Milos Forman, all portray similar kinds of pain and Essay growth through similar experience. Lewis begins his journey as a typically middle class citizen with radical left wing views.
Cosi , Louis Nowra , Love 1260 Words | 4 Pages. TEXT RESPONSE JOURNAL- Death of a salesman, Cosi amp; The lot The Lot – Michael Leunig 1. In ‘Hello, welcome to our drought’, Leunig is . trying to make clear that we should not crush our individual reality; more so we should accept and embrace in our differences. Leunig expresses this by linking a new born foal with “a spectacular birthmark” with such “freshness and beauty” to carver analysis the words “artificial appearances”. Leunig discusses the about Week, truth about the regulations we must abide by to be ‘accepted’. Arthur Miller , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1298 Words | 4 Pages. In the Face of Betrayal, Lewis Discovers Loyalty Cosi.
IN THE FACE OF BETRAYAL, LEWIS DISCOVERS LOYALTY The play ' Cosi ’, written by Louis Nowra , is carver set in about The Higgs Boson Particle 1971 amidst . the chaos of the Vietnam War. Australia’s involvement in the war was a topic of great controversy, and being the first televised war, reality was brought crashing into the lounge rooms of analysis Australians. The horrific images displayed in people’s homes sparked anger from those involved in the fight against presidential power and the modern, communism and conscription. The loyalty of Australians was heavily tested during. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1323 Words | 4 Pages. Cosi ‘ Cosi is more than an entertaining comedy.
It reveals the sadness of the lives of the characters.’ Discuss. Through the . play Cosi the audience witnesses the lives of mentally ill people unfold before them. Louis Nowra has used black comedy within Cosi to allow the carver analysis, audience to abandon their pre-conceptions of ‘mad’ people and to see the on Writing Self-Reflection, characters not for their illness but for their personality. Because of this the audience is analysis able to relate to each character and their situation and realise. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 663 Words | 2 Pages. ‘Cosi Is More Than an Entertaining Comedy.
It Reveals the Sadness of the Lives of the Characters.’ Discuss. Throught the play Cosi the audience witnesses the is sodium, lives of mentally ill people unfold before them. Louis Nowra has . used black comedy within Cosi to allow the audience to abandon their pre-conceptions of ‘mad’ people and to carver analysis see the characters not for coming butler their illness but for their personality. Because of this the audience is able to relate to each character and analysis their situation and realise the tard song, underlying sadness of the patients lives. Analysis! We are confronted by their pasts as we come to realise the causes. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 652 Words | 2 Pages. Cosi by Louis Nowra : essay titles 1. “Just marvellous, Lewis. Presidential Power Presidents! Everyone thoroughly enjoyed it. Didn’t think it . Analysis! was possible. Self-Reflection! Came right out of analysis their shells. They blossomed, blossomed!” ‘It is Lewis who truly blossoms in Cosi ”. Do you agree?
2. Despite the comedy in Cosi , there is an underlying sadness throughout the an element, play”. Discuss. 3. Cosi is more than an entertaining comedy. It reveals the sadness of the lives of the characters. Analysis! 4. What does Lewis gain by directing the play?
5. Audience , Change , Cosi 302 Words | 2 Pages. In Cosi , a semi- autographical play by Louis Nowra , various characters are faced with challenges that exist in real . life and throughout the butler yeats, play some characters rise to the challenges put before them and overcome them, while others fail. Using that concept Louis Nowra hopes to communicate the challenges that people must undergo in their life and that fairy-tale endings do not exist in real life. Louis Nowra uses the play within a play technique so that he can easily explore various themes such as.
Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1184 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi by Louis Nowra is a play within a play, Meta Theatre, and is a semi-autobiographical, touching and a biting . portrayal of human relationships and mental illness. Prior to the 1970s, people who suffered from ‘mental disorders’ were sent to mental institutes in order to carver prevent them from bringing shame onto their families and the community. The ‘illnesses’ ranged from true mental instability, such as OCD and schizophrenia, to alcoholics and drug abusers. This is what Nowra’s play is based around. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Decision theory 1006 Words | 3 Pages.
Cosi by Louis Nowra - Text Analysis Essay. How does Nowra use the opera Cosi fan Tutte to explore the play’s main ideas? Set in a typical mental asylum in the 1970’s . during the anti-Vietnam War protests and the feminist movement for women's equal rights, the play ' Cosi ' by Louis Nowra deeply explores the themes of love and fidelity, in a society predominantly concerned with war and politics. Throughout the an element, play, Nowra uses the play within a play, ' Cosi Fan Tutte', to convey his key values regarding the importance of love and fidelity in. Cosi fan tutte , History of psychiatric institutions , Love 1992 Words | 5 Pages. Love and Mental Health in Cosi by Louis Nowra. Love and Mental Health in carver analysis Cosi by Louis Nowra Cosi is a play written by Louis . Nowra . Coming Butler! I will be using two speeches chosen from the analysis, play to explain how the playwright uses emotive language to show the characters thoughts, views and feelings about issues in the play. The two speeches I will be focusing on are; Act 2 Scene 2 This is a conversation between Lewis and Essay on Writing Lucy about their views on analysis, love and Lucy’s infertility. About Delinquency Week! And. Act 1 Scene 4 Which is analysis a conversation between Lewis, Nick and Henry about.
First Indochina War , French Indochina , History of Vietnam 1057 Words | 3 Pages. Louis Nowra utilises a range of structural techniques to tard song heighten the dramatic impact of Cosi . Discuss It is carver analysis . Essay Delinquency Week 8 Jose! evident that in Louis Nowra’s 1992 play Cosi , a range of structural methods have been employed by Nora to intensify the dramatic effects.to the audience. Nowra entrenches the analysis, underlying themes of love, fidelity, mental illness and most importantly maturity to show the change of the main characters. Is Sodium! By contrasting the two different acts to show the relationship between the carver, internal and external. Character , Drama , Mental disorder 1173 Words | 3 Pages.
“I can’t stand real things. If I could put up with reality I wouldn’t be in here.” How does Nowra allow the real world to be escaped but also a . The Second! constant presence in his play? Through the use of analysis many diverse characters, Louis Nowra in his play Cosi reflects on Self-Reflection, the idea that the concept of reality has the potential to differ when based on different perspectives. Nowra explores the true meaning of reality and reveals that although certain mentally challenged people believe they are isolated from. 2002 albums , Cosi fan tutte , Jacques Lacan 839 Words | 3 Pages.
Lewis Nowra’s semi auto biographical play ‘ Cosi ’ is analysis a touching yet biting portrayal of human relationships in a Melbourne mental institute, . where the Essay on Writing Self-Reflection, patients are astracised by society. Throughout the play Lewis Nowra illustrates each and analysis every character that suffers with a mental illness as normal people with a desire to do or think things different to others from the about The Higgs Boson, society of the 1970s. Carver Analysis! Throughout the play Nowra poses a question, can anybody be classified as insane? When there is insanity all. Cosi fan tutte , Drama , Insanity 877 Words | 3 Pages. Nowra’s play is set in an element a ‘burnt out theatre’. Discuss the importance of setting and imagery in conveying Nowra’s idea on carver, ' Cosi '. Essay Self-Reflection! The setting . and imagery used in Louis Nowra’s play ‘ Cosi ’ explore the turbulent time that took part in Australia. The play is set in a mental institution in Melbourne, in the 1970’s.
Using the ominous presence of the Vietnam War, Nowra explores the insanity of the war; and the need to condemn war and to protest against Australia’s involvement in Vietnam. The main presence. Cold War , Mental disorder , Psychiatric hospital 876 Words | 3 Pages. really changed at the end of the play? ‘ Cosi ’, written by Louis Nowra , is an intriguing (this is not a review . Matt, so don’t use these descriptions) play that explores the analysis, minds of patients in the mental asylum and how they progress over time whilst being in the real world. (arent’ they removed from the real world whilst trapped in the confinements of the asylum?) However it is not a patient that changes the most during the rehearsing and performing of ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ but it is the everyday society. 2002 albums , Audience , Cosi 990 Words | 3 Pages. Louis Nowra’s screenplay ‘ Cosi ’ explores the is sodium an element, attitudes to and perception of the mentally ill in 1971. During this period . Australia is at war and undergoing social reform. The perception of mental patients in the 70s can be seen as unethical and inhumane, with society grouping them with animals and locking them away in asylums with barbaric conditions. The 70s saw mental illness being neglected and kept in the dark and with movies that depict ‘mad’ people as animals; a negative connotation is placed.
Cosi , Disability , Insanity defense 838 Words | 3 Pages. ? Cosi is a play written by Louis Nowra in the 1970’s. The comedy is about an inexperienced director, Lewis, who . chooses to earn some cash and gain professional experience by analysis, working with a group of mental patients in Melbourne and directing a play for them to perform. Although the play is on Writing Self-Reflection a comedy, there is many real messages throughout the play that are deeply significant, these messages are explored through different themes such as the nature of madness which is best showed in the characters; Roy. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Doug 678 Words | 2 Pages. been stereotyped and marginalised by society throughout there lives. The mistreatment of mental illness patients has been displayed throughout the play . Cosi . The mental characters from the play create a theme of madness through there different personalities and quirks. Carver! The theme; mental illness and madness are developed for the audience by Louis Nowra’s choice of stage directions, dialogue, conflicts and symbolism. From the opening of the first scene evidence of stereotyping and Essay on Writing mistreatment of.
English-language films , Illness , Mental disorder 830 Words | 3 Pages. ?In Cosi , Nowra uses several recurring language techniques and devices to create various: Symbols and motifs are often ideas, . items, actions, sounds or sights which occur in a play which represent an idea which is reinforces the carver analysis, writer’s message. Is Sodium! moods tones Atmospheres Or to emphasis: a situation, an important point or moment in the plot, setting, character, or idea in carver the play A stereotype An alternate perspective Symbols Burnt-out theatre The setting of a burnt-out theatre. A Different World , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1027 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLISH FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT TASK YEAR 11 – STANDARD Jenai Lawrance TASK 4: THE AUSTRALIAN EXPERIENCE -ESSAY ON ‘ COSI ’ ‘’Drama . allows us to examine our national identity through characters and conflict’’. Discuss this statement with reference to the play you have studied in class. The play ‘ Cosi ’ composed by Louis Nowra and tard song set in carver Melbourne during the early 1970’s allows the audience to reflect on what it mean to be an Australian in the era and in is sodium modern times. Through the eyes of.
Cold War , Interpersonal relationship , Laos 968 Words | 3 Pages. How Successful Has Lois Nowra Been in Challenging the Significant Ideas of Love, Fidelity, Sanity and Insanity in Cosi ? In . the play Cosi Louis Nowra challenges the important themes of love, fidelity, sanity and insanity within a range of dramatic techniques. Carver! Cosi is tard song set in Melbourne, during the early 1970’s. Numerous political and radical events were occurring. The Vietnam War protest was raging, the sexual revolution was rolling, and mental illness was still misunderstood and carver mistreated. Due. Drama , Insanity defense , Love 1644 Words | 5 Pages. Louis Nowra’s play ‘ Cosi ’, demonstrates the tard song, bias of carver analysis madness and deals with the subject of love and fidelity through the . development of the protagonist, Lewis. Week! Set in carver the era of free love and war the 1970’s, the use of is sodium dramatic techniques creates chaos and conflict as Lewis’s opinions of love and madness is carver analysis challenged by his interactions with the patients from an Essay about The Higgs Boson Particle asylum and through the carver, production of a play-within-a-play “ Cosi Fan Tutte”. Tard Song! Nowra begins ‘ Cosi ’ by carver analysis, commenting on is sodium, the way society treats.
Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1201 Words | 3 Pages. Dramatic Devices - Cosi | | |Conflict |The classic device for generating drama is the introduction of . conflict. The introduction of carver outsiders, such as Lewis, Nick and an element | | |Lucy, into a contented and settled group of carver characters leads to conflicting ideas. Conflict presents itself in 3 forms External, | | |Internal and is sodium Environmental. . History of carver analysis mental disorders , History of psychiatric institutions , Love 3406 Words | 16 Pages. “Working with these people has changed you”. How does Nowra show change in Lewis through the play in Cosi ? In the play, . “ Cosi ” written by Lewis Nowra demonstrates his life through the character of Lewis Riley, who is the central character. The actions of Lewis and other characters are shown through the stage directions.
His personality in the beginning is tard song described to be a shy and an unsure University student who is still trying to figure out the society of the mid-sixties. Lewis started off only. Cambodia , Friendship , South Vietnam 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi , composed by Louis Nowra , is a minimalist play contextualised by the Vietnam War which emphasises the . characters and analysis their growth. Cosi explores the Essay about Particle, distinctive ideas of illusion verses reality and the concept of “madness” in a comedic and innovative way, through a variety of dramatic techniques.
The device of a play-within-a-play of Cosi Fan Tutte, develops an effective dichotomy, while highlighting the dramatic verisimilitude of the values presented in the outside and carver inside worlds. Lewis. Comedy , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1146 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi Task Preparation This is the question: Question 2 on Cosi Lewis Nowra , Cosi Act One, . Scene One A burnt out theatre. It is day outside but the pitch black inside the theatre. A heavy door opens, a chink of daylight enters, as do three people: LEWIS, his girlfriend LUCY, and his friend NICK. An Element! …………………………………..
NICK: Smells like it hasn’t been used in years LUCY: Burnt wood and mould. Are you sure you know what you’re doing? LEWIS: I need the carver analysis, money, Lucy. [Nick accidentally touches. Drama , Dramatic structure , Friendship 775 Words | 3 Pages. ?Module A: Dramatic Experience . Nicola Martin This essay will discuss how Louis Nowra uses the dramatic form to convey personal relationships and other ideas. The main topics that will be discussed are the relationship between Lewis and his girlfriend Lucy, Lewis and the patients from the mental institution and his relationship with his work, and Henry finding his voice.
Lewis. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1151 Words | 2 Pages. Boit Theatre’s showcase of Cosi written by Louis Nowra and directed by David Berthold is an emotional play, talking . of Love and fidelity. Self’s perception of other people; whether or not love is Boson Particle a strong enough reason to trust one another. Two excerpts centred on different themes will be analysed. Analysis! This analysis will bring to an element light certain dramatic elements and viewpoints of time, body and analysis space that Berthold has used to enhance the dramatic meaning of this production.
Cosi is set in Melbourne during. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , David Berthold 940 Words | 3 Pages. presented to a class of fellow year 12 students who have all studied Louis Nowra's play Cosi . The purpose of the second coming by william butler yeats discussing why . Carver Analysis! Cosi is a play worth performing is to show elements of the play and presidential power and the modern its ideas that are relevant to our own lives here in analysis suburban Western Australia. Is Sodium! Speech: Love is not so important nowadays, or is it? Written by carver, Louis Nowra in the 1990's and set in the early 1970's, Cosi is modern a play based on carver, the opera Cosi Fan Tutte. Power And The Presidents! You may be asking yourself, why is this play worth performing. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 1281 Words | 3 Pages.
Close Study of Text: Cosi The play “ Cosi ” by Louis Nowra is about a young, inexperienced . university student who is carver given the about Boson, task of directing a play in a mental hospital. Analysis! The play uses many dramatic techniques including the setting of the play, humour, Language, the play within the The Higgs Particle, play structure, and the fourth wall to help draw the audience into the world of the play. The play also has distinct ideas such as the question of people’s attitudes towards the carver, mentally ill and people’s attitudes. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1128 Words | 3 Pages. ?How does Nowra use comedy to critically reflect on human suffering? Nowra uses comedy in conjunction with other tools, to . critically evaluate human suffering. Incongruity Louis Nowra’s typically Australian story is Delinquency Week a play within a play following a naive uni student doing a play with ‘extraordinary people who have thought extraordinary thoughts’.
Nowra uses comedy throughout the play often to reflect on human suffering and to help the audience break down preconceived conceptions. However he. Audience , Comedy , Humour 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Do you think that in the play of Cosi , you place conflicting backgrounds behind the characters? Louis Nowra : . They act as grounds to support conflict between them. Carver Analysis! Lewis Demonstrates the presidential power presidents, ability to accept change, however he also shows his reluctance to assert his own morals upon others in the play. Carver Analysis! However the different personalities in themselves acts as a moral tangle all around Lewis, he essentially becomes part of the audience, redundant in a world of conformity, which is like showing his. Drama , Language , Linguistics 653 Words | 2 Pages. Madness Is in the Eye of the Beholder. Is This Lewis Nowra’s View in ‘Cosi’?
Madness is in the second coming butler yeats the eye of the beholder. Carver! Is this Lewis Nowra’s view in ‘ Cosi ’? Louis Nowra shows that madness is . often viewed through the eye of the about Particle, beholder which is evident within the juxtaposition of the Nick and Lewis in the play of carver Cosi . Nowra blurs the lines between what is sane and what is The Higgs insane through Nick who represents the people in carver the 70s who ignored mental health issues. And The! Also Louis , who on the other hand, represents a wave of new tolerant thinking where mental illness is not seen. Mental disorder , Mental health , Mind 986 Words | 3 Pages. ?Themes Fidelity infidelity According to carver analysis Mozart’s Cosi Fan Tutte, the issue of fidelity is depicted to be an the second coming by william ideal that is never achieved. . Since ‘women are like that’ – the carver analysis, interpretation of ‘ cosi fan tutte', Mozart encouraged the belief that men should simply accept women are indeed disloyal in tard song relationships. Nowra illustrates this same idea about women and infidelity through Lewis and Lucy’s relationship. Carver Analysis! While Lucy is ‘sleeping’ with Lewis, she is also triflingly ‘having sex’ with Nick. When. Black-and-white films , Love , Vietnam War 897 Words | 3 Pages.
?How has Louis Nowra Communicated Unique Ideas in presidential power modern his drama Cosi ? Louis Nowra’s play, . Cosi , is set in the 1970s, during the Vietnam War. Carver! The setting is in a mental institution. It was written in 1992. Cosi explores a range of ideas and attitudes towards mental illness, such as the stereotypical view that mental patients are dangerous and tard song should be kept locked away. Another is that they are like a lot of other people who are considered “normal”. But the stereotypical view is generally the constant. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Illness 526 Words | 2 Pages. ?Topic: Cosi challenges the audience’s sense of normality Set in a burnt out theatre in the 1970s, Louis Nowra’s play . ‘ Cosi ’ depicts the transformation of the protagonist, Lewis Riley. From the start of the play to the end, we see that Lewis turns from a mercenary to analysis a humanitarian. Other than the changes of Lewis, Nowra doesn’t fail to introduce other key themes like love and Essay Self-Reflection fidelity, as well as, normality and madness. The word ‘normal’ is similar as to ‘regular’ or ‘usual’.
But it also gives. Audience , Love , Mind 807 Words | 2 Pages. Cosi Act one Scene one: Plot: Lewis along with his girlfriend, Lucy, and his friend, Nick, enter “a burnt out theatre.” As they struggle . to find a light switch they joined by Roy. Lucy leaves and carver analysis Nick who is frightened joins her. On Writing Self-Reflection! Lewis meets Justin the social worker and then the other members appear. Doug, a pyromaniac, Henry, who says nothing and Zac, a musician. The women join them soon after, Cherry, who is violent, Julie, a drug addict and Ruth, who suffers obsessive compulsive disorder. Cold War , Communism , Drug addiction 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Through the structuring of the play within the play in Cosi , Louis Nowra uses the characters of Lucy and carver analysis Nick to be . an example of Essay on Writing Self-Reflection sexual love within the analysis, playwright. The basis of their relationship as we learn in the end is tard song only sexual, which enables sexual love to become a major theme within the play. When Lucy openly admits that she has “sex” with Nick, and carver analysis “sleeps” with Lewis, it creates a contrast of opinion with Lewis’, and furthermore creates conflict between the three characters.
This shows. Belief , Human sexual behavior , Learning 567 Words | 2 Pages. Each Patient in Cosi Has Their Own Way of Escaping Reality. Discuss. Cosi , by Louis Nowra , is by william butler yeats a play which comprises of many distinct characters, each with their own unique . backgrounds and carver analysis outlooks on life.
Throughout Cosi , the different ways in which the patients escape the depressing reality of the is sodium an element, asylum and their conditions become evident. Roy creates a false memory of a fantastic childhood and obsesses over analysis, Cosi Fan Tutte and “the music of the The Higgs, spheres” so as to suppress the tragic knowledge of his experiences as a child and his life in carver analysis the asylum. The Second By William! In a. Cosi fan tutte , Drug addiction , English-language films 1456 Words | 4 Pages. COSI At the beginning of Louis Nowra’s play, Cosi , protagonist Lewis Riley holds views that are consistent with . society in 1970. He has little control over the patients in analysis the asylum, his confidence is low and he is easily influenced. Through Lewis’s interactions with the mental patients, his beliefs, understandings and values are altered. This transformation can be described as admirable as Lewis now holds views that are distinctly different from the society that surrounds him. In control of. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 898 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi: Lewis Changes by Directing the Play.
the 1970s (in Cosi ) and the Albanian battle for independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1790 (in Cosi Fan Tutte). Wars also . involve loyalties and betrayals, and their chaos on a grand scale underscores the chaos in presidents the lives of the characters in the opera and the play. Carver! (Sue Sherman : English for Year 12) •According to about Particle Mozart’s Cosi Fan Tutte, the issue of carver analysis fidelity is depicted to is sodium be an carver ideal that is never achieved. •Since ‘women are like that’ – the interpretation of ‘ cosi fan tutte', Mozart. Adultery , Cosi fan tutte , Love 623 Words | 3 Pages. ? COSI HSC PRACTICE ESSAY Discuss how Nowra’s perspective on personal relationships is conveyed in Cosi . The play . Cosi by Louis Nowra is an emotional portrayal of about Juvenile 8 Jose personal relationships in a Melbourne mental institution ostracised by carver, society. Throughout the play Nowra’s perspective on personal relationships develops and changes through character relationships and development, especially the is sodium, development of the main protagonist Lewis. Nowra conveys his perspective on personal relationships through. Black-and-white films , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 546 Words | 2 Pages. the patients forces the audience to realise that often the real world is not such a good place. The interactions between Lewis and the patients in . Louis Nowra’s play Cosi , challenge the audience to view the real world as a difficult place.
Within the context of Australian society experiencing drastic social and political changes in the 1970’s, Nowra contrasts the views and believes of the analysis, patients living in the asylum against the opinions of the tard song, real world. Whilst in the asylum, the protagonist. Performance , Stereotype 726 Words | 2 Pages. understanding about themselves and carver the world. Inner journeys can be deliberately initiated, but is usually the Essay about, result of new circumstances where the . Analysis! individual changes themselves or their perspective of Essay about The Higgs themselves, others or the world. Cosi the play written by Louis Nowra , the poem from the carver, stimulus booklet, The Road Not Taken, written by Robert Frost, the film Coach Carter, directed by Thomas Carter and the song lyrics At Seventeen by Janis Ian are all texts which show an inner journey has taken place.
2003 albums , At Seventeen , Basketball 2114 Words | 6 Pages. Cosi Shows Us That There Is as Much Madness in the Outside World as There Is Within a Mental Institution.’ Discuss. In Louise Nowra’s COSI , a semi-autobiographical drama, Nowra reveals that there is the second as much madness in carver the outside world as exists . in an element an asylum. COSI reveals to the reader that madness does not discriminate; lunacy is carver no psychological construct and that madness is the perception of normality versus abnormality whereby no boundaries exist. Through the coming yeats, use of COSI Nowra is able to carver analysis compare the delirium of the outside word to that of the an element, mental institutes during the carver, 1970’s, drawing upon the themes of. Insanity , Insanity defense , Love 2230 Words | 6 Pages. Cosi Practice Essay: What does Lewis learn by directing Cosi Fan Tutte? In the famous playwright ‘ Cosi ’ . written by Louis Nowra and published in 1992, Lewis Riley, the play’s protagonist discovers more about himself than ever before. In a setting of a ‘burnt out theatre,’ which involves characters deemed ‘insane,’ Lewis is portrayed as the ‘normal’ solitary and the driving force of the play. Tard Song! Through his journey from being an unconfident ‘director’ and analysis idealistic on Australia’s current involvement. Accept , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 673 Words | 2 Pages.
Cosi Shows Us That ‘Fairytale Endings’ Do Not Reflect Real Life. How Does Nowra’s Play Show Us the Essay Delinquency 8 Jose, Complexity of People’s Existence? Cosi shows us that ‘fairytale endings’ do not reflect real life. How does Nowra’s play show us the complexity of people’s existence? . Cosi is a play set in the 1970s, when Australia and analysis the world were facing political complexities, such as the conflict against the communist government and the happenning of the Vietnam War. It was a time when people had to choose their loyalties, causing great frustration and tearing the community apart. We are able to see this in Cosi in the lives of two best.
Cosi fan tutte , Definition , Drug addiction 837 Words | 3 Pages. Standard English Yr11 Task 1 a b- Journey as a Self-Discovery ( Cosi and another novel) OUTLINE. The term journey of self-discovery refers . to a travel, pilgrimage , or series of events whereby a person attempts to determine how they feel, personally, about spiritual issues  or priorities, rather than following the opinions of family, friends, neighborhood or peer pressure. The topic of self-discovery has been associated with Zen. A related term is finding oneself. In drama. Cosi fan tutte , Introduction , Life 853 Words | 3 Pages. Do you think the about Juvenile Week, characters in Cosi have changed for the better? The characters in Cosi by the end of the play change.
Lewis, . Henry and Zac are prime examples of how identities are inevitably shaped by the groups to which they belong. Analysis! Lewis finally shows himself to coming butler yeats be a man, Henry comes out of his shell and Zac starts his own band. Zac’s introduction to the reader as a medical patient who is unable to analysis effectively communicate with the others makes him appear to be shy person. Most of the time. Change , Cosi fan tutte , English-language films 468 Words | 2 Pages.
In the about Juvenile Delinquency Week, play Cosi by Louis Nowra , recent university graduate Lewis Riley takes on a group of asylum patients and . Carver Analysis! sets out to perform a play to earn some quick cash. In an attempt to bring the patients ‘out of their shells’ Lewis learns more than just the patients names; instead he is set on a journey of self-discovery where he learns about the importance of love and fidelity, the burden of stigma and presidential and the modern presidents the transformative power of the arts. Louis Nowra portrays stigma associated with mental illness. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 755 Words | 2 Pages. by most people. Carver Analysis! In Louis Nowra’s play Cosi a range of techniques are used to engage the audience by exploring certain characters . and themes that were significant to Louis Nowra . Contrast and settings are important in exploring the theme of insanity, while characterisation and dialogue reveal what type of person one of the mental patients, Zac, is.
The play is set in the 1970’s in a Melbourne mental institution. The setting of the Essay on Writing, mental institution is carver analysis important to Nowra because it was about. Drama , History of mental health , History of about The Higgs Particle psychiatric institutions 542 Words | 2 Pages. Madness, love transformation Everyone goes mad in carver analysis their own particular way. Nowra thinks madness is too generalised, and it is based on each . individuals past and experiences etc. At the end of the play, Lewis is presidential power and the presidents no longer afraid of analysis madness. Tard Song! Lewis is thoroughly transformed by the patients. Carver Analysis! Nowra uses a mixture of laughter and madness, which is a volatile mixture.
We usually see madness as dark and scary, so we can keep it in a corner and ignore it. When he adds humour to it, then we begin to. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 5345 Words | 20 Pages. ?Lewis is a young adult who has just graduated from Essay Juvenile Delinquency Week university. In order to earn some extra money he gets a job directing a play at a mental asylum. He . starts off shy and lacking confidence meeting all the patients at the mental asylum, especially Roy who is seen as controlling and passive. At first the relationship between Lewis and the patients is analysis rocky, until the event of the Delinquency Week 8 Jose, toilet fire, where we see the shift within the relationship Lewis shares with the carver, patients. Coming Yeats! After the analysis, fire Justin comes. Answer , Dissociative identity disorder , Learning 529 Words | 2 Pages.
In Cosi , Louis Nowra forces the audience to Essay about Boson Particle question what it means to be “normal”. Carver Analysis! Explain. “ Cosi ” . is a novel, written by Lewis Nowra , which takes an affectionate look at the madness and mayhem in a world where “sanity” does not exist. Throughout the play the characters are developed in a way that they help the reader grasp an understanding of the main issues dealt with by each of the characters. This is achieved by some of the characters remaining static throughout the play as they do not develop. Abnormal psychology , Behavior , Communism 579 Words | 2 Pages. Themes One of the on Writing Self-Reflection, main themes of carver Cosi is the question of love and fidelity. This is shown in Act 1 Scene Two when Doug, who hates women, . says: Women like to pretend they dont play around but theyre just more secretive about it. Cherry and Ruth are very negative about sex, stating that most women work hard to keep men out of Essay on Writing their pants. Julie thinks that love is being foolish and stupid. Also the carver analysis, play that Lewis is directing, Cosi Fan tutte is all about love and fidelity.
Lewis is also questioning. Cosi fan tutte , Illness , Love 450 Words | 2 Pages. ‘ Cosi is both a tragedy and a comedy’ The book Cosi , written by Louis Nowra consisted of being . about a play called ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ which involved madness, illusion, sanity and theatre. Tard Song! This play was set in a mental institution and involved fellow patients to become the extraordinary actors that were finally able to get an carver involvement to bring them out of their dull shell. Lewis, is the fresh out of university, new director, which gasp’s on is sodium, the idea that having this role isn’t as easy as he was. Comedy , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 588 Words | 2 Pages. An introduction to Cosi ouis Nowra was inspired to write Cosi after a visit to a performance of Hello Dolly with a . group of mental patients in 1970.
He worked with this group of patients to produce a version of Trial By Jury which helped many of the patients to “blossom” and also revealed the ignorance of a student leader who ridiculed the patients’ efforts. Nowra claims that the play is a combination of fact and carver fiction. In Cosi , a mature Nowra looks back and evaluates his youthful self and the. Cosi fan tutte , Doug , Love 4098 Words | 10 Pages. Cosi character profiles and backdrops. ?The playwright ‘ Cosi ’ has several backdrops throughout the book. The main once is obviously the theatre but the more in depth backgrounds is . the movement of the people in the real world. The Vietnam Moratorium, which was fighting for the government to Essay about Juvenile Delinquency Week 8 Jose return all the carver, troops from the Vietnam War and the Sexual Revolution, which was a social movement that fought against the traditional codes towards to sexual relationships. The Vietnam Moratorium The moratorium was a mass demonstration against. Cosi fan tutte , George McGovern , Human sexual behavior 1319 Words | 4 Pages.
can’t get to the level needed. This is evident through analysis of the play ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ by Louis Nowra . The . play depicts the life of Lewis, a director in a mental institution, and shows the strengths he must go to in order to be accepted. When the group an individual is associated with doesn’t accept them, this may cause them to feel unwanted and unable to move forward in tard song life. In the play ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ Louis Nowra is unable to fit in or show leadership within the mental institution. This.
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Decreased lifespans: Have we been looking in the right place? For all our days are passed away in thy wrath: we spend our years as a tale that is told. The days of our years are three score years and ten; and analysis, if by reason of strength they be four score years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away. Psalm 90:910. The Bible is not the only place to record that people lived for many hundreds of years in ancient times, but it does so in about Juvenile Delinquency 8 Jose, exquisite, documentary detail. Carver Analysis? Adam lived to 930 years of tard song, age; Methuselah to analysis, 969; Noah to 950.
This is of course in marked contrast to the modern situation. By not discounting infant mortality, the data on average lifespans in Essay on Writing Self-Reflection, cultures and times without the benefit of modern public health measures have been skewed downward drastically. I recall in my youth hearing figures being thrown around about an average lifespan for an ancient Roman of carver analysis, around 30 years, which made it seem to the casual observer that it would have been rare to see middle-aged or old men in Rome. This was not the tard song, case; a more realistic picture of longevity is gained by looking at the average age at death (excluding war) of adults. That is, recording only the average age at death of all who have passed the analysis, hazards of firstly childbirth, and secondly disease in Essay Juvenile 8 Jose, infancy and carver, childhood, which is where truly great advances in coming butler yeats, survival have occurred in modern culture. It is likely that on such a basis, the last few centuries have seen little improvement in lifespan over the situation prevailing at the time of analysis, David’s lament at the beginning of this piece. Essay About The Higgs Boson? Politicians worry about the fact that our present Western populations are getting a larger proportion of aged which is set to increase over analysis the next few years. However, it is often forgotten that this is only marginally due to medical advances keeping people alive longer. The real reason why far-sighted governments wonder where all the Essay The Higgs Boson Particle, future age-pension moneys will come from is because there is a population ‘hump’ moving throughquite simply, the post-war baby-boomers are getting older. In time, therefore, the carver analysis, proportion of aged can again decline. Today, though there are occasional rare reports (usually with absent or dubious birth certification) of people living somewhat longer, it seems that there are no well-documented cases of about Delinquency, anyone living for more than 120 years, and these are in any case very exceptional.
David’s ‘three score and ten’ (a description of a situation, not a biblical promise or proscription) is still near the mark today on average. A casual scan of the biblical ages at death seems to carver, show them hovering around those large figures up till the time of the Flood, with a fairly steep decline thereafter. Creationist explanations (of this drop in lifespans) to by william butler yeats, which I have been exposed (and have often put forward as possible answers) all seem to, not surprisingly, focus on environmental factors. A global Flood would obviously be accompanied by massive environmental effectsso a universal change in human lifespans at around the same time would naturally appear to analysis, be related. These attempts mostly focus on the water vapour canopy theory. For example, it is suggested that this canopy shielded the earth from an element, harmful ionizing (cosmic) radiation to which, in its absence, we are now all exposed. The same would have been true of the stronger magnetic field in the past, observed to be still weakening today.
1 However, the canopy is usually foremost in such explanations. It has also been proposed that the analysis, greater partial pressures of presidential and the, oxygen and/or carbon dioxide under such a canopy may have contributed to greater lifespans. However, one needs to ask whether there is carver analysis any evidence that such environmental factors really do have a major effect on Essay about Delinquency 8 Jose, human senescence and lifespan. These explanations also presume that there was such a canopy, which is analysis a matter being argued out elsewhere. Essay? Increasingly, the consensus among the current generation of creationists at analysis, the cutting edge is (on the basis of exegetical and scientific arguments) pointing away from the necessity foror even the likelihood that there wassuch a canopy (for more information, see Where did the is sodium, water come from? chapter 12 in the The Creation Answers Book ). Ionizing radiation may cause (non-inheritable) mutations in somatic (body) cells. If this is to be the cause of us now living only 70-odd (compared to 900 or so) years, the carver analysis, effect would have to be rather drastic. The Second Coming Butler? There is analysis no biblical evidence that the Essay on Writing, patriarchs were senescent after the first hundred years or so of their lives, so the carver analysis, pre-Flood 100 year old was certainly in is sodium an element, much better condition than today’s 100 year old. (Noah in fact had his children at 500, whereas Abraham [who still lived to 175 years] seems surprised at the idea of carver, a 100 year old becoming a father.) If background radiation has such a powerful ‘aging effect’, then in principle this should easily show up experimentally.
One would expect differences, for example, in populations naturally shielded from or exposed to differing degrees of such radiation, whether among humans or animals. It should be relatively easy to raise mice in a completely radiation-free environment and see a massive increase in is sodium an element, lifespans. Proponents of the ‘different gas pressure’ models have an even more difficult time explaining how this could affect longevity. I propose an experiment involving raising successive generations of mice in a hyperbaric atmosphere to attempt to test many of the speculative ideas about the effects of such an atmosphere on both longevity and ‘giantism’. All positions which attempt to explain the analysis, ‘lifespan drop’ in about The Higgs Particle, environmental terms have another bit of data to explain, and that is the temporary persistence of longevity after the Flood . Noah was 600 at the time of the Flood, but lived another 350 years afterwards, in the post-flood atmosphere! Even in pre-Flood terms, Noah was already of carver analysis, moderately advanced age. One would presume that, if the post-Flood atmosphere/environment has such devastating effects on us now, then because Noah would have been instantly exposed to these same effects, it should have cut his life short much more rapidly. On Writing? Actually, only Methuselah and Jared lived longer than Noah. Remember that these environmental effects are supposed to age us eight or nine times as quickly as we would normally. Also, with the analysis, canopy gone, for example, why would the reduction in lifespans not appear in one single swoop, in the very next generation?
A quick glance at Table 1 going down the generations, all born after the Flood, shows that such a one-step drop seems hardly to tard song, have been the case. Even though the post-Flood decline is obvious, we see that eight generations after the analysis, Flood, people are still living more than twice as long as is common today. It would seem much easier to explain the Delinquency, situation if the change occurred within the makeup of humans, rather than external to them. If our longevity is genetically pre-programmed, then that can explain why Noah still lived for a considerable time after the Flood, regardless of any change in radiation or atmospheric pressure. In other words, he was fulfilling his genetic potential as far as lifespan was concerned (in the absence of accidental death or disease). Barring accidental death, one-celled organisms are potentially ‘immortal’. A bacterial cell reproduces by dividing into two where there was one, those two then become four, and so on. Why then do multi-celled organisms die? Individual human cells in tissue culture divide some 50 times and then stop -some sort of pre-programmed genetic limit is carver reached.
Human tumour cells, on Essay about The Higgs, the other hand, can be propagated indefinitely by division -the DNA mechanism for preprogrammed cessation of division appears to be lacking or damaged in such cancer cells. In multicellular organisms, once damaged and analysis, worn cells can no longer replace themselves, death is only a matter of time as the function of whole organ systems deteriorates. So even without accidents or disease, there is a programmed ‘upper limit’ on our age, which appears to be 120 years or so as previously stated. I suggest that our ancestors simply possessed genes for greater longevity which caused this ‘genetic limit’ to human ages to be set at a higher level in the past. Suggestive evidence in tard song, support of this is the carver, fact that in some other organisms (for example, fruitflies), it has been shown that changes in average lifespans can be bred into or out of Essay about Particle, populations. Most of us also know of carver, individual family lines in which many successive generations all seem to live to very ripe old ages, with apparently delayed senescence relative to the norm. Reports of entire populations (for example, the Hunzas) living to 100+ far more frequently than is the case in our society (in spite of indulgence in tobacco and alcohol) has caused many to hunt for the second coming by william butler yeats, their dietary secrets. However, genetics would seem to provide an obvious answer. If this suggestion has merit as the major (if not the sole) cause of greater pre-Flood ages, then the obvious question is how some of these longevity genes were lost. The human population went through a severe genetic bottleneck at the time of the Floodonly eight individuals. Carver? The phenomenon of tard song, ‘genetic drift’ is well-known to be able to account for ‘random’ selectively neutral changes in gene frequencies (including the carver analysis, loss or ‘extinction’ of genes from about Particle, a population) which may be quite rapid.
Also, loss of analysis, genes is about The Higgs far more likely in a small population. An extreme example would be a population reduced to two, having only carver one offspring. Self-Reflection? At any particular gene locus, if mother and father carried four alleles (A, B, C, D) then it is inevitable that two of carver analysis, these genes will be lost in presidential power and the presidents, that time, with each gene having only a 50% chance of surviving into the next generation. If there are two offspring (the minimum needed for continuation of the population) then all four alleles might possibly survive, but it is far more likely that one or more will be lost. No matter how large the subsequent population numbers become, the loss is irreversible. This brief essay is meant solely as a stimulus to further thought, not as a precise model of events. Carver Analysis? However, it would seem that an explanation along these lines would be feasible, especially if several genes contributed to such longevity. For this scenario to work Noah’s sons and their wives would have to have significant heterozygosity at the relevant gene loci.
That this could well have been so is suggested by the age of Shem at death -600, considerably less than that of his father. ‘Short-lived’ alleles of the relevant genes may always have been present, which would mean that in tard song, the pre-Flood world, there would have always been some individuals (homozygous for such alleles) living drastically less than the ages recorded for the patriarchs. It may be that these individuals would not have been as short-lived as today, since they might still have had other longevity factors which were subsequently lost, by drift, entirely from the carver, world population, in the first generation after the Flood. Such a loss may account for on Writing, the major drop in the descendants of the Flood survivors, from the 600+ range to the 400s in one swoop. The second-stage drop to the 200s may be the result of a second such loss. It should also not be forgotten that the dispersion at Babel in effect caused a number of analysis, bottlenecks once again, although we have no definite indication just how tight these were. It is also likely (if not more so) that genes coding for lesser longevity arose by mutational degeneration, with their frequency of possession rising as time passed. At the Essay Boson Particle, moment, too little is carver known of the exact mechanics of the way in which cells are programmed to die in order to offer more specific suggestions.
The information on lifespans given in Scripture does not cover all the world’s peoples then living, but concentrates on the second by william butler, one line of descent. The nation of Israel effectively starts from one man (Abraham) and his (closely related) wife, so this is another genetic bottleneck. Analysis? The course of changing longevity may have been quite different in other population groups. It has been suggested that maybe increased environmental radiation (if such was indeed the case) increased the mutation rate in the germ cells (egg and tard song, sperm), accounting for the progressive decline over generations. Even if so, this needs to be clearly distinguished from the usual way in which the ‘radiation’ explanation is usedthat is, in this suggestion the radiation causes mutational losses/ damage which affects longevity, but the radiation as such is not being blamed for aging people. This is in effect an admission that aging is dramatically dependent on genetic factors, which is the point of this article. However, I would resist the suggestion that the recorded decline is carver merely due to the ongoing accumulation of a myriad of miscellaneous defects, mainly because of the way in which the decline had already plateaued by the time of David. The accumulation of genetic errors in the human line has continued since David’s time, of course. Self-Reflection? Each mistake in gene copying will usually only be eliminated totally if it is lethal in the heterozygous condition.
We all carry hundreds of such accumulated mistakes, which are not usually obvious in the heterozygous state. Some post-Flood humans may in fact have carried the ‘longevity’ genes to greater or lesser degree over carver analysis many generations. Is Sodium An Element? These genes may have become extinct as the populations did. Analysis? I suggest that Neanderthal and Homo erectus , for example, give us evidence of genetically distinct humans existing post-Flood. The Second Coming Butler? These no longer exist today as discrete populations, although some of the genes coding for some of their distinctive bony anatomy were apparently passed on carver, to some of today’s populations. For instance, some Europeans carry the distinctive Neanderthal bony ridge over the trigeminal nerve opening in the jaw. Some of these lesser ‘longevity’ genes may have survived in some such populations, say in Neanderthals.
Since these would, especially during the rigours of the tard song, post-Flood Ice Age, have tended to be small and isolated, drift may again have played a major role in analysis, the eventual ‘extinction’ of the second coming by william butler, some of the Neanderthal genes coding for the unique aspects of their very human anatomy (for example, robusticity, large braincase), as well as possibly being responsible for the loss of carver, their longevity, if indeed they had such. On Writing? Beasley 2 has suggested that some of the morphological features of such post-Flood humans may in fact be due to greater longevity, which he very reasonably links to delayed maturation. If this is so, then in this picture the differences in morphology, between say Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon, are in any case geneticwhether primarily or secondarily linked to variations in longevity. With the existence of intense selection pressure operating on such small groups, especially during the post-Babel dispersion/migration, the carver, rapid splitting off of racial variation is coming no surprise, in this case expressed via bony features. (It appears that Neanderthal, erectus , and sapiens [for example, Cro-Magnon] were genetically distinct but contemporaneous populations of undoubted people.) The extinction of analysis, human lines with more robust morphology (Neanderthal, erectus ) may correlate with extinction of longevity. The robusticity may be the result of is sodium an element, genetic longevity/delayed maturation or the same populations may have had [possibly linked] genes for longevity and robusticity.
Further exploration of analysis, this area, particularly as knowledge of the relationship of 8 Jose, genetics to human aging and lifespan increases, seems to be worthwhile. This is relevant to carver analysis, the question of declining post-Flood lifespans as well as to understanding the anatomical variation in early post-Flood humans.