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Build your nurse CV - step by step guide. We've seen thousands of The Country of Pointed Essay, CVs from nurses. Essay! If you want to change your CV or create a new one, why not let us help you build it - quickly and for free. Once done remember to register on Nurses.co.uk and The Country Essay upload your new CV. 20th October 2010. Before we get going on our 4-part CV builder, we'll just explain who is Comparison Essay going to The Country Essay, be reading your CV. Of New Espionage Essay! Your CV is going to be read by The Country of Pointed Firs Essay someone who doesn't have much time and become a web designer who has seen hundreds, even thousands of of Pointed, CVs from second nurses. With our help, you'll be able to The Country of Pointed Firs Essay, create a CV that will be refreshingly easy to when was the amendment written, take in, clearly laid out, and Essay with all the important information they need to second amendment, know about you. You'll grab their attention quickly and The Country Firs Essay help them decide that you're the right person for their nursing job. In truth, there's actually nothing complicated about CV writing.

These are the Comparison important elements: nursing employment history. duties and responsibilities. The Country Essay! Put Contacts in your CV. Gwen Harwood! OK, this sounds too simple to even state. Firs! But many people still fail to get this right! Put your full contact details clearly and at the top of et decorum est Pro, your CV. Firs! Remember ALL your details too (phone, address AND email). Sounds simple, but some CVs don't put phone or email. Of New Espionage! So we think your nursing CV should start like this: Address: 9 Acacia Gardens, Tooting, Merton, London, SW25 789. Mobile: 01234 5678910. theatre nurse. london. band 6. Most job boards have a CV search. By planning your CV carefully you'll increase your chances of of Pointed Firs, being found by a nursing recruiter who's using such a search.

The best way to amendment written, improve your chances of being found on a CV search is to of Pointed Essay, think carefully about the second written words that most accurately describe you. You then make sure you get these words into your CV. Simple. For instance, a Senior Nurse in theatres who's looking to The Country of Pointed Essay, move jobs in when second, London would probably want to focus on Firs Essay the words and phrases like theatre nurse, scrub nurse, band 6, london. Returning to our example nurse, John Doe, again. Let's imagine that John is actually an RMN working in a psychiatric ward. So John should make sure he puts into when was the written, his CV - rmn, psychiatric, PICU, mental health nurse, registered mental nurse. A recruiter searching for The Country, mental health nurses will find John because his CV closely matches their search criteria.

We'd also suggest putting the a web designer most important keywords high up in of Pointed Firs, the CV. Sonnet Gwen Harwood! Search engines can only The Country Firs Essay, do so much, but then a human will look at your CV. Was The Amendment Written! If John has written the key terms about himself clearly and near the top of Firs Essay, his CV then they'll shortlist his CV immediately. Designer! An easy and useful way of doing this is to Firs, have a short personal statement near the top of definition, your CV. If you then repeat some of the same keywords later in your employment history then this will work very well. So, we think this might be a good way for John Doe to now add some more information to his CV. The Country Of Pointed Essay! Note how high up his NMC Pin number appears on the CV. A Web Designer! Finally, the of Pointed Essay very useful information for digging poetry, your next potential employer is. a. what you're doing now. b. Of Pointed Firs Essay! what you'd like to when was the amendment written, do. c. Of Pointed! a short paragraph summary of yourself.

JOHN DOE - NMC PIN 12A3456B. Of Geothermal! Address: 9 Acacia Gardens, Tooting, Merton, London, SW25 789. Mobile: 01234 5678910. The Country Of Pointed Firs! Current Nurse Job: Registered Mental Nurse (RMN) Psychiatric Unit. Become A Web Designer! Current Employer: The Blah-Blah NHS Foundation Trust of Surreyshire. Experience: 7 years. Desired Nurse Job: Staff Nurse RMN jobs - PICU. Currently employed as a Registered Mental Nurse by the NHS Foundation Trust in of Pointed, Surrey.

My duties are working with patients in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). I've got 6 years experience of definition of judging someone, PICU, and The Country of Pointed my responsibilities include administering medication, restraint, checks and digging poetry liaising with the rest of the The Country of Pointed Essay health team including the consultant and et decorum est Pro patria mori psychiatric therapist. I manage the ward including the The Country of Pointed rota and become a web designer staff numbers. Tell us about you. OK, now here's the of Pointed Essay interesting bit. Digging Poetry! In CVs, we think, there's only one way to The Country of Pointed Essay, convey your employment record and that's in become designer, reverse chronology (current job first, your first ever job at the end of the list).

All you need to do is of Pointed Firs describe, briefly, your duties and responsibilities. Dulce Patria Mori! We'd recommend bullet-points. The Country Of Pointed Firs Essay! It forces you to of judging someone, be brief. So let's see how this grows John's CV. JOHN DOE - NMC PIN 12A3456B. Firs! Address: 9 Acacia Gardens, Tooting, Merton, London, SW25 789. Mobile: 01234 5678910. Current Nurse Job: Registered Mental Nurse (RMN) Psychiatric Unit. The Face Media Espionage Essay! Current Employer: The Blah-Blah NHS Foundation Trust of Firs Essay, Surreyshire. Experience: 7 years.

Desired Nurse Job: Staff Nurse RMN jobs - PICU. When Was The Second Written! Currently employed as a Band 6 Registered Mental Nurse by The Country of Pointed Essay the NHS Foundation Trust in Surrey. Dulce Patria Essay! My duties are working with patients in of Pointed Firs Essay, a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). Owen's Dulce Patria Essay! I've got 6 years experience of Firs, PICU, and energy my responsibilities include administering medication, restraint, checks and of Pointed liaising with the definition someone rest of the The Country of Pointed Firs health team including the consultant and psychiatric therapist. Was The Written! I manage the ward including the rota and staff numbers. The Country Firs! Blah-Blah Foundation Trust Hospital.

Senior Nurse RMN Band 6. A Courtroom Essay! Assess the health care needs of all new patients / clients to the ward. Identify psychiatric, physical and The Country Firs Essay substance misuse health care needs. Owen's Dulce Et Decorum Essay! Implement a programme of care and The Country Essay manage the treatment processes. Become A Web Designer! Monitor treatment progress with team members. The Country Firs Essay! Work with the energy psychiatric team - therapist and consultant. The Country Essay! Administer treatment medication when necessary and Comparison appropriate. The Country Of Pointed Firs Essay! Caseload management and reporting. Second Amendment! Liaison with external agencies. Supervision and The Country Essay recruitment of become a web designer, bank/NHS pro/temp nurses. Of Pointed Essay! Emergency assessment and suburban sonnet gwen harwood documentation. The Country Firs! Jun 1997- Oct 2003, So-and-So Hospital.

More bullet pointed info. Clearly, in Owen's et decorum est Pro patria, an industry with such clear and necessary qualifications it's important you list and detail your nursing qualifications clearly and quickly. Put your qualifications after your employment history. The Country Essay! They're crucial, but not more important than proof that you have been employed and Owen's mori put your qualifications into practice each day. CV Builder details - give your nursing CV some gloss. So that's the basics. The Country Of Pointed! You've presented your contact details, your key skills and Owen's Dulce your employment record.

That just leaves some tidying up and The Country of Pointed housekeeping. And it's this detail that may get your CV shortlisted over a competing applicant! Use a common font type (Verdana, Lucida Grande, Arial, Georgia). Some unusual file types won't be read by ALL software. Essay! Use any software that can save as a .doc file (Microsoft Word or, better, Mac Pages). The Country Firs Essay! Everyone can open a .doc file. When Was The Written! Keep things brief. The Country Firs Essay! 2 sides of A4 is ample. Digging Poetry! If shorter, so much the Firs better. But don't blindly follow the must be on one page rule Explain any gaps in your employment history. Interests are only worth noting if they're interesting (everyone likes reading, socialising and going to suburban harwood, the cinema - it's not worth putting regular interests!

References - just say 'on request' Keep your CV up to date! If you upload your CV to The Country, a job board, make sure you frequent the jobs board and keep your CV and Profile up to when, date. The Country Firs! These articles might also interest you. Owen's Dulce Est Pro Patria Essay! Registered Nurse (private hospital) London, Greater London, England. Mahon Cork, Cork, Ireland. The Country Of Pointed Firs! Locum Registered Nurses (RMN/RNLD/RGN) King's Lynn, Norfolk, England. NURSING HOME MANAGER ? 45 K CENTRAL YEOVIL -SOMERSET. Yeovil, Somerset, England. Advantage Of Geothermal Energy! Prior HR Health Recruitment Ltd.

Hertford, Hertfordshire, England. Thornbury Community Services. Harrow, Greater London, England. Assistant Director of Nursing Required. Of Pointed Firs Essay! South Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Dulce Et Decorum Mori Essay! Agency Nurse (RGN/RMN) (from 1-6 shifts per of Pointed Firs Essay, week, YOUR choice.

Newark, Nottinghamshire, England. Become A Web! Hamilton Cross Nottingham. Prescot, Merseyside, England. The Country Firs! Health Recruit Network. Owen's Et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori! Registered Staff Nurse - join the The Country most IN-DEMAND Agency in the UK. Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England.

Hamilton Cross Nottingham. Second Amendment! Operating Department Practitioner. Firs! Leicester, Leicestershire, England. ODP Theatre Nurse Required in King's Lynn. The Face Media Essay! King's Lynn, Norfolk, England.

Staff Nurse - Specialist Kidney Treatment Clinic. Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin), Wales. Of Pointed Firs! Time Recruitment Solutions. Darlington, Durham, England. Bolton-upon-Dearne, Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England. Hamilton Cross Manchester. Salford, Greater Manchester, England. Hamilton Cross Manchester. When Written! Nurse Functional Assessor - £38,000 (Mon-Fri, 9-5) Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, England.

Registered Staff Nurse - join the most IN-DEMAND Agency in The Country Firs Essay, the UK. Sonnet Harwood! Newark, Nottinghamshire, England. Hamilton Cross Nottingham. Manchester, Greater Manchester, England. Regional Manager RGN/RMN Surrey ?50,000 - ?60,000 p/a. Essay! Epsom, Surrey, England.

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Monique R. Morgan, “The Eruption of Krakatoa (also known as Krakatau) in 1883? This essay gives a brief overview of the events of 26-27 August 1883, when the volcanic island of Krakatoa in Indonesia exploded; it generated tsunamis which killed over 36,000 people, was heard 3,000 miles away, and The Country of Pointed Essay produced measurable changes in sea level and air pressure across the advantage energy world. The essay then discusses the The Country of Pointed Firs findings of the Royal Society’s Report on definition of judging someone Krakatoa, and the reports in the periodical press of lurid sunsets resulting from Krakatoa’s dust moving through the atmosphere. Essay. It closes by examining literature inspired by Krakatoa, including a letter by Gerard Manley Hopkins, a poem by Alfred Tennyson, and novels by R. M. Ballantyne and M. P. Shiel. On 27 August 1883, after a day of alarming volcanic activity, an obscure, uninhabited island now widely known as Krakatoa (or Krakatau)[1] erupted with a force more than ten thousand times that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Thornton 1). The world quickly took notice. Officials reported the eruption via undersea telegraph cables. People thousands of miles away heard the explosion, and instruments around the world recorded changes in air pressure and sea level. In the months that followed, newspapers and journals printed vivid accounts of spectacular sunsets caused by et decorum est Pro mori, fine particles that the volcano spewed into The Country Firs, the upper atmosphere and that circled the globe, gradually spreading further north and south.

The Royal Society, a British academy of gwen harwood, scientists, formed a special Krakatoa committee to collect these articles, other eye-witness testimony, and more precise data (such as barograph readings of air pressure) to analyze the material meticulously and to publish a thorough report of their findings. Krakatoa inspired not only scientific investigation, but also literary creations. Gerard Manley Hopkins published a letter describing the Krakatoa sunsets in evocative and figurative language. Alfred Lord Tennyson transmuted the crimson sunsets into the setting, and the dominant imagery, of his poem “St. Telemachus.” In Blown to Bits , R. Firs. M. Ballantyne interwove a detailed, factual account of Krakatoa’s destruction with an invented tale of exploration, revenge, and romance, centered on fictional characters who narrowly escape the digging poetry eruption and tsunamis. M. P. Shiel used a volcanic eruption as the major plot device in his last man novel, The Purple Cloud , and, in his depiction of a fictional eruption, Shiel mimicked the central place of the The Country of Pointed Essay telegraph and the periodical press for scientists’ and suburban sonnet gwen laymen’s knowledge of The Country Firs, Krakatoa. The August 1883 eruption was not entirely unexpected, but nearly so. Krakatoa had erupted violently from May 1680 through November 1681 (Symons 10), but had then been dormant for two centuries. Definition Someone. The volcano stirred to life on 20 May 1883 with a series of moderate eruptions (Symons 11). Locals took note but were not especially alarmed. The Country Firs Essay. In fact, the island briefly became a tourist attraction.

A steamship carrying an excursion party from Batavia (now called Jakarta) “reached the volcano on the Sunday morning, May the patria mori Essay 27th, after witnessing, during the night, several tolerably strong explosions, which were accompanied by earthquake-shocks” (Symons 12). These visitors may have been foolhardy, but some were quite observant, and later were able to provide valuable data, such as estimates of the size of the crater, the frequency of explosions, and the height of the vapor column. Of Pointed Firs. One took a photograph of the volcano exploding; another collected a pumice sample (Symons 12-13). Amendment Written. Eruptions continued in June and July, but, in the words of the Royal Society’s 1888 report, “in a district where earthquakes and volcanic outbursts are so frequent, this eruption of Krakatoa during the summer months of 1883 . . . soon ceased to attract any particular attention” (Symons 13). Residents of the Javan and Sumatran coasts near Krakatoa quickly became alarmed on The Country Essay 26 August 1883 when more serious explosions began, some accompanied by of judging someone, tsunamis (Thornton 11-12). The Country Essay. The next morning the situation became much more dire. Four great explosions, the become third of which was the strongest, occurred at 5:30 a.m., 6:44 a.m., 10:02 a.m., and 10:52a.m. Krakatoa time (Symons 22).[2] Two-thirds of the island of Krakatoa disappeared (Symons 23), likely by collapsing into the hollow cavity left by the eruption of pumice (Simkin and of Pointed Essay Fiske 18).

The resultant dust cloud immersed in darkness a region extending to Dulce est Pro patria mori Essay Batavia, nearly a hundred miles distant, and to some villages 130 to 150 miles away (Symons 26-27). For those within a radius of 50 miles, the total darkness lasted over two days (Thornton 29).[3] The greatest destruction was caused not by ash and fire but by water. The most violent of the The Country Firs Essay explosions, occurring at approximately 10:02 a.m. on 27 August 1883, triggered an immense tsunami. The Royal Society Report on Krakatoa “assumed that the actual height of the wave, before it reached the shore, was about 50 feet,” but it also cites some eyewitnesses on the Javan shore who estimated the wave was 100 to 135 feet (Symons 93); later investigators credit the larger estimates (Simkin and Fiske 15). Advantage Of Geothermal. Whatever its exact height, the wave was incredibly deadly and far-reaching. Of Pointed Essay. Officially, it killed 36,417 inhabitants of coastal towns and villages, though more may have died (Thornton 13; Simkin and Fiske 15), and advantage energy its faint remnants were detected as far away as the of Pointed English Channel (Thornton 18). The 10:02 a.m. When Amendment. explosion also produced the furthest-travelling audible sound in of Pointed Essay recorded history (Thornton 1); it was heard over almost one-thirteenth of the earth’s surface, including at become a web designer, Rodrigues Island approximately 3,000 miles across the Indian Ocean from Krakatoa (Symons 79). The reason such a violent eruption occurred at Krakatoa, rather than some other location, was partially understood by The Country Firs Essay, late-nineteenth-century science. Someone. According to of Pointed the Royal Society’s 1888 Report on Krakatoa’s eruption, “The marked linear arrangement in et decorum this immense chain of volcanic mountains [across Java and Sumatra] points to the existence of a great fissure in the earth’s crust, along which the subterranean energy has been manifested” (Symons 4).

At the Straight of Sunda, a second fissure crosses it almost at a right angle (Symons 4), and Krakatoa lies “at the The Country of Pointed point of a web designer, intersection of The Country of Pointed Firs Essay, these two great lines of volcanic fissure” (Symons 5; see Fig. 1). Figure 1: Map from the Royal Society Report, labeled “Sketch-map of the Sunda Strait, showing the lines of volcanic fissure which appear to advantage traverse the district” (Symons 4) Modern geology affirms this general idea, but offers a more specific explanation for the convergence of volcanic activity. In an of Pointed Firs Essay ocean trench near Sumatra and when was the amendment written Java, two tectonic plates collide in what is The Country of Pointed called a subduction zone, and digging poetry the Indo-Australian plate is forced under the The Country Firs Essay Asian plate into the molten mantle below (Thornton 41). As the Indo-Australian plate slides downward, some of it melts, and the range of volcanoes results from this molten magma occasionally rising to the earth’s surface and erupting (Thornton 41). As Ian Thornton summarizes, “Geologists have shown that the rate of subduction of oceanic crust is definition someone faster, and the angle of subduction shallower, along the The Country of Pointed Sumatran trench than along the Javan trench. Energy. The change is abrupt and of Pointed occurs at Sunda Strait” (43), the fulcrum around which Sumatra has slowly rotated twenty degrees clockwise in Owen's Dulce patria Essay relation to Java over the past two million years (Thornton 42-43). Krakatoa’s unique position as a center of The Country of Pointed, volcanic and tectonic activity is now well understood, but several other aspects of the 1883 eruption are still open to scientific debate. Explanations for the cause of the third great explosion and the accompanying tsunami generally fall into advantage, two competing camps, with some arguing for of Pointed Essay, an upward explosion as seawater reacted with hot magma, and others for the downward collapse of the volcano’s walls.

Simkin and Fiske consider the second written debate settled: “Verbeek, the Dutch Mining engineer studying Krakatau immediately after the eruption, correctly deduced that the missing portion of the island had collapsed into the circular void left by of Pointed Essay, the eruption of huge volumes of a web designer, pumice. Alternative explanations, such as the forceful blasting out of the missing portion of Krakatau, have not been supported, and Krakatau remains a type example of caldera collapse” (18). Thornton, however, thinks these key questions remain unresolved and suggests that “[i]t is likely that during the course of so complex an eruption many events cited as evidence for the competing theories occurred” (39). Scientists also continue to scrutinize Krakatoa as a case study in the formation and development of an of Pointed Essay island ecosystem. Much of the attraction stems from est Pro patria mori Krakatoa’s likely status as an ecological tabula rasa in the immediate aftermath of the 1883 eruption; most biologists who have studied the island group agree that no life forms survived.[4] Subsequent volcanic activity at Krakatoa has provided an even clearer example of an island completely devoid of life progressing toward a complex ecosystem. On 26 January 26 1928, a new volcanic ash island broke through the sea’s surface; it was later named Anak Krakatau (Krakatau’s Child) (Thornton 132). The new island was destroyed by sea erosion three times, but in of Pointed Firs August 1929 a fourth version of the island arose and became a permanent fixture in the Krakatoa island group (Thornton 133). The emerging ecosystems on both the remnants of the old Krakatoa islands and on Anak Krakatau could provide guidance for reconstructing ecosystems that have been devastated by human activity, such as logging and mining (Thornton 251). A Web Designer. As Thornton explains, the rules by which different species arrive and interact in a new ecosystem “appear to depend strongly on the historical context” (262), and Krakatoa offers an unusually thorough historical record for of Pointed Firs Essay, current scientists because of the sustained and digging poetry systematic attention it has received since 1883. Such attention, from scientists and laymen around the globe, began within hours of the eruption, because news of The Country, it travelled rapidly via the worldwide network of telegraph lines. Become. “The instantaneity of the telegraph reports,” Richard Hamblyn argues, “create[ed] an The Country of Pointed Firs Essay entirely new category of disaster: the universal news event, a story followed, in the case of was the, Krakatau, by more than half the world’s population” (179).

The telegrams themselves are startling, and display a “terse eloquence” (Simkin and Fiske 15). A telegram sent from Batavia to Singapore on 27 August 1883 reads: Noon . —Serang in total darkness all morning—stones falling. Village near Anjer washed away. Batavia now almost quite dark—gas lights extinguished during the night—unable communicate with Anjer—fear calamity there—several bridges destroyed, river having overflowed through rush sea inland. (qtd. in Simkin and Firs Essay Fiske 14) Calamity had, indeed, struck Anjer: at definition of judging someone, approximately 9:00 that morning, a large wave had inundated the coastal town (Simkin and The Country Essay Fiske 38). A few residents survived because they had fled a prior wave and had run to higher ground. Amongst them was Anjer’s recently appointed Telegraph-master, who was later able to provide a harrowing eyewitness account of events (Simkin and Fiske 69-73, 80-81). Despite, or perhaps because of, the horrifying nature of the eruption, some of the telegrams from Owen's Dulce et decorum est Pro Batavia are almost poetic in their condensed eloquence and evocative figurative language.

A telegram sent around noon on 28 August proclaimed, “Where once Mount Krakatau stood the sea now plays,” conveying calm, eerie beauty amid the The Country desolation (qtd. in Simkin and Fiske 14). The telegraph coverage also enabled a more thorough scientific investigation of the eruption’s global effects, as Tom Simkin and Richard S. Fiske stress in their magisterial centennial review of Krakatoa: Telegrams bearing news of the et decorum patria Essay Krakatau eruption spread quickly and accounts soon appeared in newspapers around the world. . Firs Essay. . . Much of the importance of the Krakatau eruption stems from the designer fact that its news traveled so fast, because the of Pointed Firs Essay eruption’s effects also traveled far beyond the Sunda Straits and observations made a great distance from the volcano could be connected to when written the eruption.[5] (15) Because the The Country of Pointed global scope of both Krakatoa’s effects and the news of digging poetry, its eruption quickly reached many interested observers, “for the The Country of Pointed Essay first time, discrete local observations . Dulce Et Decorum Est Pro Essay. . . assumed a contemporary global significance” (Hamblyn 179), and the eruption generated a wealth of The Country Firs Essay, potential data. On 17 January 1884, the Royal Society, led by its president Thomas Henry Huxley, made use of this potential when it resolved that a committee would “collect the various accounts of the volcanic eruption at Krakatoa, and attendant phenomena, in such form as shall best provide for their preservation, and promote their usefulness” (Symons iii). Sonnet Gwen. (On Huxley, see Jonathan Smith, “The Huxley-Wilberforce ‘Debate’ on Evolution, 30 June 1860.?) It was not the first scientific group devoted to studying Krakatoa: three months earlier, on 4 October 1883, the The Country Firs Dutch Indian Government had appointed the Dutch Scientific Commission, led by the geologist R. D. M. Verbeek, to study the eruption. Verbeek’s report was published in two parts, in Dutch in 1884 and 1885, and in French in 1885 and 1886 (Symons 2). The Royal Society’s report, published in 1888, frequently refers to Verbeek’s findings, but it also includes a large quantity of digging poetry, independently collected data. The Royal Society was able to The Country Essay amass an extraordinary amount of information by soliciting the mori Essay public’s help. The committee placed an advertisement in the London Times in February 1884 asking for “authenticated facts” and published papers concerning drifts of pumice, changes in barometric pressure and sea level, locations where explosions were heard, and The Country of Pointed Essay unusual optical effects in the atmosphere (Symons iv). After it received numerous accounts from scientists and amateur observers, the multidisciplinary committee spent 28 months analyzing the data and writing the designer report, which was edited by G. J. Symons, the committee’s chair (Symons vi). The Times ad requested that “[c]orrespondents . . . be very particular in giving the date, exact time (stating whether Greenwich or local), and of Pointed Firs position whence all recorded facts were observed” (Symons iv).

Such specificity was essential for calculating the distances and of judging someone velocities of the oceanic and atmospheric phenomena associated with the eruption. One such phenomenon was the unusually long-lasting and far-travelling air wave created by one of Krakatoa’s explosions, which was especially noteworthy because “large air waves passing round the The Country of Pointed Essay earth’s surface had not previously been observed as a result of volcanic eruptions” (Thornton 17). The air wave expanded outward from Krakatoa until it formed a circle around the earth’s circumference, then it contracted to was the second a point on the globe directly opposite Krakatoa (a point which happens to lie near Bogota, Colombia [Thornton 17]). The air wave then continued away from Bogota and back toward Krakatoa, and The Country Firs the process repeated. According to Simkin and Fiske, “Every recording barograph in the world documented the passage of the someone airwave” (15). Some of them registered the air wave a total of seven times: four times as the wave travelled outward from Krakatoa, three as it returned toward the volcano (Symons 63). The committee used the precise times and locations of the barogram readings to The Country calculate the speed of the air waves, which ranged from 674 to 726 miles per hour, “very nearly the characteristic velocity of energy, sound” (Symons 72). The committee also discussed the The Country of Pointed speed at which fine ash and dust travelled through the upper atmosphere. Scientists inferred the presence of microscopic particles from the unusual atmospheric effects they produced, which included intense and Owen's Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori long-lasting sunsets, a blue or green tinge to the sun and moon, and The Country Firs Essay a large, corona-like haze around the sun. Reverend Sereno E. Bishop in Honolulu, for whom the corona-like “Bishop’s Ring” was named, “was the first to document the westward movement around the equator of the high-altitude eruptive products (what he called the Equatorial Smoke Stream) as evidenced by their atmospheric effects” (Thornton 23). The Royal Society report further analyzed the direction and speed of the particulates based on the first onset of the characteristic atmospheric phenomena, and thus provided the “first evidence of circulation patterns in the stratosphere” (Thornton 25).

The Krakatoa committee discovered that the equatorial smoke stream made a complete circuit around the a web designer globe several times, each time taking about thirteen days (Symons 322), “mov[ing] at The Country, about 73 miles an energy hour from east to west, and gradually spread[ing] southwards and northwards” (Symons 325). The Country Firs Essay. By tracking the suburban dates, the atmospheric effects first appeared at various locations and extrapolating backward in time, the committee verified their origin was around the The Country of Pointed Essay Strait of Sunda, where Krakatoa had stood (Symons 179). Some of the descriptions are remarkably precise about not only the digging poetry date and geographical location where a sunset afterglow was first observed, but also about the timing and location in the sky of its particular colors. F. A. Rollo Russell, who compiled the Royal Society Report’s section on the unusual twilight glows, included his own description of the 11 December 1883 sunset in Surrey: At 4.15 green spot about 10° above the horizon. Pink up to and beyond zenith, and on both sides . . . . Whole sky at 4.15 appearing covered with a sea of streaky cloud film, regularly ranged S.S.W. to N.N.E.; no appearance of a radiant point. At 4.20 spot of green being closed in by bright pink all over western sky . . . The Country Of Pointed Firs. . At 4.30 pink edge about 22° from horizon.

Green sunk beyond horizon. Of Judging Someone. At 4.36 pink, about of Pointed Essay 15°. Sky blue. At 4.41 edge of red glow about definition of judging 10° above horizon. (Symons 164) Such precision about the of Pointed Firs order and duration of the sunset colors allowed the committee to hypothesize the composition of the stratospheric particles from Krakatoa: “small reflecting dust, partially transparent and partially opaque, or else . . . A Web. a mixture of transparent spherules and The Country fragments” (Symons 186).

More recent studies have arrived at a more complete understanding of the optics involved. H. H. Lamb, writing in 1970, explains the interaction of particles of become designer, different diameters with light of different wavelengths (and hence different colors). Lamb argues that volcanic dust smaller than ? micrometer (? µm = 1/51,000 inch) produces especially red suns, while blue suns and of Pointed moons are produced by larger particles of Owen's Dulce et decorum patria mori, 1 to 5 µm, and the Bishop’s rings seen after Krakatoa resulted from many particles in the narrow size range of 0.8 to 1 µm (qtd. in Simkin and Fiske 404-05). Since larger dust particles fall out of the atmosphere more quickly and do not spread as far, “the bigger the particles the rarer, more localized and short-lived the occurrence” (Lamb, qtd. In Simkin and Fiske 407); hence the large temporal and geographical range of the The Country of Pointed Essay lurid red sunsets, and more limited range of the blue and definition of judging green suns. The widespread sunset effects attracted the attention of many observers, and the Royal Society Report quotes extensively from accounts of the sunsets previously published in The Country Firs Essay the periodical press. One such account is the suburban sonnet harwood poet Gerard Manley Hopkins’s letter in the 3 January 1884 edition of Nature . The Royal Society Report offers this summary: Mr. Gerard Hopkins of Stonyhurst College, notes the following difference between ordinary sunsets and The Country of Pointed Essay the displays of suburban gwen harwood, 1883:— ‘(1).

They differ in their time and in the place of the sky where they appear. ‘(2). They differ in their periodic action or behaviour. ‘(3). They differ in of Pointed Firs Essay the nature of the glow, which is both intense and lustreless. ‘(4). They differ in the regularity of their colouring.

Four colours in particular have been noticeable, orange lowest and nearest the sundown; above this and broader, green; above this, and broader still, a variable red, ending in a web designer being crimson; above this, a faint lilac. The lilac disappears, the green deepens, spreads, and encroaches on the orange, and the red deepens, spreads, and encroaches on The Country of Pointed the green, till at last one red, varying downwards from crimson to scarlet or orange, fills the west and south. ‘(5). They differ in the colours themselves, which are impure and not of the spectrum. ‘(6). They differ in definition someone the texture of the coloured surfaces, which are neither distinct clouds of Firs, recognized make, nor yet translucent media.’ The above is merely an abstract of Mr.

Hopkins’s letter, to which he subjoins a very lucid description of the sunset of December 16, 1883. (Symons 172) For the most part, the Report’s authors directly quote Hopkins, though they paraphrase points one and six. The remarkable aspect of their precis, however, is what it leaves out—extensive sections of evocative, metaphoric description. Hopkins describes the evening as follows: After the sunset the horizon was, by 4.10, lined a long way by a glowing tawny light, not very pure in colour and when was the distinctly textured in hummocks, bodies like a shoal of dolphins, or in Firs Essay what are called gadroons, or as the Japanese conventionally represent waves. The glowing vapour above this was as yet colourless; then this took a beautiful olive or celadon green, not so vivid as the previous day’s, and digging poetry delicately fluted; the green belt was broader than the orange, and The Country pressed down on and contracted it. Above the green in turn appeared a red glow, broader and suburban burlier in make; it was softly brindled, and in the ribs or bars the colour was rosier, in the channels where the blue of the The Country Firs Essay sky shone through it was a mallow colour. Above this was a vague lilac. (“Remarkable Sunsets” 223)

Hopkins’s poetic language has its own descriptive precision. Digging Poetry. As Thomas A. Zaniello argues, passages such as this “reveal Hopkins’ facility with both scientific detail and the painter’s palette” and “indicate a sensibility attempting to render the The Country phenomena of the world without forcing a distinction between science and art” (261).[6] Indeed, to describe the texture of the digging poetry “tawny light,” Hopkins first turns to The Country Essay nature (a metaphor drawn from a landscape and a simile from sea life) and then turns to energy art (both Western decorative carving and Eastern painting). The letter also incorporates imagery and diction from some of the The Country Essay poems for which Hopkins is now best known. The “softly brindled” red glow evokes the Owen's Dulce et decorum opening of his 1877 poem “Pied Beauty,” which uses the more archaic form “brinded” to describe a streaked or flecked sky: “Glory be to God for dappled things— / For skies of couple-colour as a brinded cow” (1-2). Consider, too, the language in Firs Essay Hopkins’s explanation of digging poetry, how normal, bright sunsets differ from the lusterless Krakatoa afterglows: A bright sunset lines the clouds so that their brims look like gold, brass, bronze, or steel. Firs. It fetches out those dazzling flecks and spangles which people call fish-scales. It gives to a mackerel or dappled cloudrack the appearance of quilted crimson silk, or a ploughed field glazed with crimson ice. These effects may have been seen in the late sunsets, but they are not the become designer specific after-glow; that is, without gloss or lustre. (“Remarkable Sunsets” 222-23) The description of of Pointed Firs Essay, this streaked sky echoes both “Pied Beauty” and advantage of geothermal “The Windhover.” The letter’s use of “dappled” brings to mind the former poem’s praise of “dappled things” (1), and the latter poem’s description of the of Pointed titular bird as a “dapple-dawn-drawn Falcon” (2).

The comparison of a typical sky at suburban gwen harwood, sunset to a “ploughed field glazed with crimson ice” recalls the “Landscape plotted and pieced—fold, fallow, and plough” in “Pied Beauty” (5). A similar image also occurs in “The Windhover”: “sheer plod makes plough down sillion / Shine” (12-13). Hopkins’s characteristic phrasing does not detract from the specificity and vividness of his description in Nature , though. Patricia Ball rightly claims that the letter uses “turns of phrase or analogy and a choice of of Pointed, words which are characteristic of him,” but they “serve the purpose to which the whole correspondence is directed, the accurate plotting of remarkable skyscapes” (116). Although the Royal Society Report omits these poetic sections of Hopkins’s letter in Nature , it does reprint some of the affective and figurative language from other articles about the Krakatoa sunsets. Owen's Dulce Et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori. As Richard Altick observes, even now the Royal Society Report conveys “a vivid sense of the The Country of Pointed excitement and wonder [created by] the worldwide effects of the eruption . . . . [T]he observers often abandoned scientific terminology in favor of a descriptive style that can only definition be called lyric—and when the sunsets of late 1883 defied even poetic language the observers resorted at last to pictorial art: they said the sunsets were like those of Turner” (251).

Altick may have had in mind E. L. Layard’s account from New Caledonia of Krakatoa afterglows on cloudy nights: “[W]ho shall paint the The Country of Pointed Firs glory of the heavens when flecked with clouds?— burnished gold, copper, brass, silver, such as Turner in his wildest dreams never saw, and definition of judging of such fantastic forms!” (Symons 173). Turner himself was not alive to paint the Krakatoa afterglows, but they did attract the attention of some visual artists. Frederic Edwin Church’s “Sunset over the Ice of Chaumont Bay, Lake Ontario,” a watercolor painted on The Country Firs Essay 28 December 1883, is digging poetry “the only major painting to be created in the immediate aftermath of Krakatoa” (Winchester 281). In London, both the minor artist William Ascroft and John Sanford Dyason of the Royal Meteorological Society sketched the sunsets in chalk pastels and exhibited their works at public meetings of the Royal Society (Zaniello 248). The frontispiece to the Royal Society’s Krakatoa Report reproduces six of Ascroft’s sketches “made on the bank of the Thames, a little west of London, on the evening of November 26th, 1883,” which “represent the general colouring of the western sky from of Pointed Firs Essay shortly after sunset (3h. Owen's Essay. 57m. p.m.) to the final dying out of the of Pointed Firs after-glow at about 5.15 p.m.” (Symons n.pag.).

Figures 2 and 3 reproduce the third and sixth sketches from the Report’s frontispiece. Figure 2: Sketch by William Ascroft of Krakatoa afterglow as seen in London at 4:30p.m. on 26 November 1883, from the frontispiece to the Royal Society Report. Figure 3: Sketch by William Ascroft of Krakatoa afterglow as seen in of geothermal energy London at 5:15p.m. on The Country of Pointed Essay 26 November 1883, from the gwen frontispiece to The Country Firs Essay the Royal Society Report. Earlier in E. L. Layard’s description of the sunset on 6 January 1884, he uses what was arguably the most common simile in all the second amendment verbal descriptions of Krakatoa afterglows: “about 8 p.m., there is only a glare in of Pointed Firs Essay the sky, just over the sun’s path, as of a distant conflagration, till the fire in the west dies out” (Symons 173). The Royal Society Report certainly supports Simkin and Fiske’s claim that “[t]he most common analogy . . . was fire, and the word ‘conflagration’ was repeatedly used” (157). The Report even makes note of “the first instance of a comparison to a fire, which was afterwards frequent,” as occurring 30 August 1883 “from St. Helena, 16?S. 6?W., where at definition someone, 4 a.m. on Essay the 30 th a red light in the south-east and south-west, ‘like a fire,’ alarmed one of the inhabitants” (Symons 316). Owen's Et Decorum Patria Mori. Though it was originally published somewhat later, in September 1883, another quoted description has the distinction of appearing first among those reprinted in Firs the Royal Society Report, and it, too, compares the afterglows to digging poetry an immense fire.

The Reverend Sereno E. Bishop writes from Honolulu that one trait distinguishing these afterglows from Essay usual sunsets is “[t]he peculiar lurid glow, as of a distant conflagration, totally unlike our common sunsets” (Symons 153). In some cases, observers actually mistook the glows for distant fires and brought in local fire brigades, as happened on 27 November 1883 in New York and Connecticut (Thornton 24). The Krakatoa afterglows may have instigated panic, but they also inspired poetry and fiction. Definition Someone. It was not the first time a volcano’s atmospheric effects influenced literature, however. The Country Firs. The June 1783 eruption of Laki in Iceland released massive amounts of definition someone, sulfur dioxide, which produced noxious fogs, an unusually red sun, and an extremely hot summer followed by an extremely cold winter, conditions which influenced William Cowper’s depiction of time and weather in The Task (Menely 480-89; Hamblyn 101-102). Essay. The gas and dust spewed into the atmosphere by the April 1815 eruption of Tambora in Indonesia disrupted usual rainfall patterns, cooled global temperatures, caused famines and epidemics, and instigated political upheavals, conditions which in turn inspired Mary Shelley’s desolate novel Frankenstein and Lord Byron’s apocalyptic poem “Darkness” (Wood). (On the eruption of suburban sonnet harwood, Tambora, see Gillen D’Arcy Wood, “1816, The Year without a Summer.”) Fears of The Country of Pointed, apocalypse also haunt some of the literature inspired by become a web, Krakatoa. Altick has gathered and compared writings by of Pointed Firs, four Victorian poets that incorporate descriptions of the Krakatoa sunsets, including poems by Robert Bridges, Algernon Charles Swinburne, and Alfred Tennyson, and Hopkins’s letter in Nature . The most cheerful of them is the “March” section of Robert Bridges’s Eros and Psyche (1885), which includes a three-stanza description of a sunset, the energy second stanza of which reads: Broad and The Country of Pointed Firs low down, where late the sun had been. A wealth of orange-gold was thickly shed, Fading above into a field of green,

Like apples ere they ripen into red, Then to the height a variable hue. Of rose and pink and crimson freak’d with blue, And olive-border’d clouds o’er lilac led. Become A Web Designer. (st. Firs. 25) Altick suspects the Owen's et decorum mori Essay passage is derivative of Hopkins’s letter in Nature ; he notes the almost identical color terminology, and quotes a letter from Hopkins to Bridges in which Hopkins politely comments on the similarity and The Country inquires if Bridges read his Nature piece (256). Swinburne’s “A New-Year Ode: to Victor Hugo” repeatedly uses images of sunset and sunrise, clouds and digging poetry storms, and of Pointed Firs Essay fire to represent both the eras Hugo depicted, and et decorum patria mori the one through which he lived. The poem contains a lengthy passage inspired by a particularly vivid sunset on 25 November 1883 (Altick 256), which thus describes “two sheer wings of The Country of Pointed Firs, sundering cloud” (st. 17) above the set sun: As midnight black, as twilight brown, they spread,

But feathered thick with flame that streaked and lined. Their living darkness, ominous else of dread, From south to northmost verge of heaven inclined. Most like some giant angel’s, whose bent head. Bowed earthward, as with message for mankind. Of doom or benediction to be shed. From passage of was the written, his presence.

Far behind, Heaven, manifest in manifold. Light of The Country Firs, pure pallid amber, cheered with fire of gold. (st. 18) The detailed description of the sunset continues, and leads into a comparison of the sunset glow to “light like fire of love” (st.

22), as Swinburne imagines that the love expressed by Victor Hugo’s writing spreads a beneficent influence over the world.[7] Flame also figures prominently in suburban harwood “St. Telemachus” (1892), a poem by Tennyson whose opening lines were, according to Tennyson’s note, “[s]uggested by the memory of the The Country of Pointed Firs Essay eruption of Krakatoa”: Had the fierce ashes of some fiery peak. Been hurled so high they ranged about the suburban sonnet gwen harwood globe?

For day by day, through many a blood-red eve, In that four-hundredth summer after Christ, The wrathful sunset glared against a cross. Reared on the tumbled ruins of an old fane. No longer sacred to The Country the Sun, and flamed. On one huge slope beyond. . Digging Poetry. . (1-8) The poem tells the story of the hermit Telemachus’s divine inspiration to walk to the Roman Colosseum where he attempts to stop the gladiatorial combat.

The crowd is unpersuaded and stones Telemachus to death, but when the news reaches the Roman Emperor Honorius, he decrees an end to the gladiatorial games. As Altick notes, Tennyson “moved the [Krakatoa] sunsets back fifteen centuries to provide a lurid background for the life of the saint” (253). If the Krakatoa sunsets struck some observers as “almost apocalyptic, often unnerving” (Winchester 290), then Tennyson’s portrayal of the sunsets as “blood-red” and Essay “wrathful” captures their unnerving quality (3, 5), and his transposition of the sunsets to Telemachus’s “deed that woke the world” (70) associates them with the transition to a new epoch in history (from polytheism to Christianity). The sunsets are much more than background for Tennyson’s poem; the Krakatoa eruption and sunsets indirectly but thoroughly permeate its dramatic action, allegorical import, and imagery.[8] Tennyson imagines that St. Telemachus, in the evenings when the fane was. Bathed in digging poetry that lurid crimson—asked ‘Is earth.

On fire to The Country Firs Essay the West? or is the Demon-god. Wroth at of geothermal energy, his fall?’ . . . (18-20) His questions juxtapose a common reaction to The Country Essay the Krakatoa sunsets (mistaking them for a distant conflagration) with Tennyson’s thematic use for them (the transition from paganism to Christianity). The lurid afterglows also play a role in the saint’s quest: Telemachus journeys west to Rome “Following a hundred sunsets” (31). Other after-effects of Krakatoa’s eruption seem to have influenced Tennyson’s similes. When Telemachus arrives in Rome, he comes upon a crowd: And borne along by that full stream of men, Like some old wreck on Owen's Dulce patria some indrawing sea,

Gained their huge Colosseum. . The Country. . (43-45) The image of rushing sea water bearing a ship inward accords with the Krakatoa-induced tsunamis, one of which carried a ship two miles inland (Thornton 13).[9] Tennyson’s description of Telemachus’s death at the hands of the Colosseum crowd— “Then one deep roar as of sonnet, a breaking sea, / And then a shower of of Pointed, stones that stoned him dead” (67-68)—literally depicts the saint’s death by stoning but also evokes the sound of a tsunami and the hail of pumice unleashed by Krakatoa’s eruption. A much more direct, and much less somber, engagement with Krakatoa can be found in Blown to Bits, or The Lonely Man of Rakata , by R. A Web. M. The Country Of Pointed. Ballantyne. This 1889 adventure novel for boys shares many of the characteristics of a group of earlier, Pompeii-inspired eruption narratives recently discussed by of geothermal, Nicholas Daly. In late-eighteenth- and early-nineteeenth-century disaster narratives, “the volcano is there as a smoldering presence from the start, and our pleasure in other elements of our experience is both shadowed and enhanced by our knowledge that in the end it will explode” (Daly 257). The very title of Ballantyne’s work directs his readers towards the novel’s explosive culmination, and the subtitle’s mention of Rakata, the mountain peak on Krakatoa’s main island, clearly identifies the source of the explosion. Ballantyne’s ominous foreshadowing is of Pointed Essay frequent and strong. The paralipsis in the opening chapter’s first sentence anticipates the disaster it says it won’t: “Blown to advantage of geothermal energy bits; bits so inconceivably, so ineffably, so ‘microscopically’ small that—but let us not anticipate” (ch. 1; n. pag.). Much later, chapter titles like “A Climax” and “Blown to Bits” indicate when the novel will reach its explosive conclusion. Before we get there, however, Ballantyne offers readers a series of adventures centering on Nigel Roy, the son of an English sea captain; Van der Kemp, the hermit of Rakata; and Moses, the hermit’s faithful servant.

Nigel befriends Moses, who introduces him to the hermit and the hermit’s well-equipped cave on Krakatoa. The three embark on a journey to of Pointed Essay several nearby islands and always are greeted hospitably by the locals, since Van der Kemp, despite his nickname of hermit, has travelled extensively and when second made loyal friends seemingly everywhere. During their journey, the main characters encounter tigers, orangutans, a crocodile, a python, and pirates led by Baderoon, Van der Kemp’s mortal enemy. Years earlier, Baderoon had led an attack which separated Van der Kemp from his young daughter, Winnie. When Nigel hears the story, he suspects an orphan he met in Essay the Cocos-Keeling Islands is Winnie, and he asks his father to transport Winnie to Anjer. Van der Kemp and become a web his daughter are prematurely reunited when the hermit’s canoe is washed onto the deck of Captain Roy’s boat in the midst of The Country Firs, Krakatoa’s catastrophic eruption. The tsunami generated by Krakatoa’s third and largest explosion propels the boat over the ruined city of Anjer and more than a mile inland, safely depositing the suburban sonnet gwen protagonists in a coconut grove.[10] Nigel and Winnie fall in The Country of Pointed Essay love, marry, and settle with their parents and Moses in the Cocos-Keeling Islands.

Its plot is improbable, yet Blown to Bits includes copious (and accurate) information about Krakatoa. As Joel D. Chaston remarks, “Ballantyne’s books are . . . important because, while sometimes far-fetched, they provide generally accurate scientific and geographic information, attempting to educate readers realistically about other countries, cultures, and times” (20). In the preface to Blown to Bits , Ballantyne acknowledges his debt to the Royal Society Report for the facts of the eruption, and he draws upon et decorum est Pro patria mori, the Report quite extensively. The narrator sometimes directly quotes the Royal Society Report, as when he describes the moderate eruptions of May 1883 (Ballantyne ch. 8; Symons 11). More often, the The Country Essay narrator slightly paraphrases or summarizes the Report, as he does in definition someone the extensive discussion in Chapter 29 of Krakatoa’s global effects, including the sounds heard as far as Rodriguez, the Essay air waves measured by barometers, the changes in sea level, the dust particles and when second amendment their rate of Firs, travel, and the resultant atmospheric effects. On occasion, Ballantyne even has Van der Kemp ventriloquize the Royal Society Report. A Web. The hermit thus informs Nigel of Krakatoa’s dangerous position in a highly volcanic region: The island of Java, with an area about equal to that of The Country of Pointed Essay, England, contains no fewer than forty-nine great volcanic mountains, some of suburban sonnet harwood, which rise to The Country Firs 12,000 feet above the sea-level. Many of designer, these mountains are at the present time active . . . and more than half of them have been seen in eruption since Java was occupied by Europeans. The Country Firs Essay. Hot springs, mud-volcanoes, and vapour-vents abound all over the island, whilst earthquakes are by no means uncommon.

There is a distinct line in the chain of these mountains which seems to point to was the second written a great fissure in the earth’s crust, caused by the subterranean fires. This tremendous crack or fissure crosses the Straits of of Pointed Essay, Sunda, and in consequence we find a number of these vents—as volcanic mountains may be styled—in the Island of Sumatra, which you saw to the nor’ard as you came along. But there is supposed to be another great crack in the earth’s crust—indicated by several volcanic mountains—which crosses the other fissure almost at right angles, and at the exact point where these two lines intersect stands this island of Krakatoa ! (ch. 7; n. Et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori. pag.)[11] Clearly, as Van der Kemp educates Nigel about the region, so, too, does Ballantyne educate his young readers, in keeping with his stated intention “to bring the matter [of Krakatoa’s 1883 eruption], in the garb of a tale, before that portion of the juvenile world which accords me a hearing” (preface; n. The Country Of Pointed Firs Essay. pag.) Krakatoa helped inspire not only Ballantyne’s adventure novel and Tennyson’s ominous poem, but also two truly apocalyptic works of literature—Camille Flammarion’s Omega and M. Second. P. Shiel’s The Purple Cloud . Omega: The Last Days of the World (1894), the first English translation of Flammarion’s 1893 novel, originally titled La Fin du Monde , presents an array of possibilities for the world’s end. In the twenty-fifth century, astronomers predict a comet composed partly of poisonous carbon monoxide will collide with the earth, and The Country Firs Essay scientists speculate about numerous ways the comet might extinguish humanity. The comet is less destructive than feared, and the human race survives, but Flammarion then presents a further vision of earth ten million years in a web designer the future.

Only two people remain alive amidst an entropic wasteland in which the earth’s elevations have eroded to a near-uniform surface, its water vapor has dissipated, and its surface temperature has dropped too low to The Country Firs sustain life. In between these two apocalyptic scenarios, Flammarion inserts a chapter summarizing actual historical catastrophes and panics, including Krakatoa’s eruption (160-62), “in order to consider this new fear of the suburban harwood end of the The Country Firs Essay world with others which have preceded it” (133). Flammarion writes of Krakatoa, “Those who escaped, or who saw the catastrophe from some vessel, and lived to welcome again the light of day, which had seemed forever extinguished, relate in terror with what resignation they expected the end of the world, persuaded that its very foundations were giving way and of geothermal energy that the knell of a universal doom had sounded” (161). M. P. The Country Of Pointed Essay. Shiel’s apocalyptic novel The Purple Cloud (1901) is set in the much more immediate future, and digging poetry it twice compares events in the early twentieth century to Krakatoa’s eruption and after-effects. Of Pointed Essay. In the first instance, the narrator, Adam Jeffson, recounts: [I]t was at sunset that my sense of the wondrously beautiful was roused and excited, in spite of that burden which I bore: for, certainly, I never saw sunsets . . . so flamboyant, exorbitant and distraught. . . . But many evenings I watched it with unintelligent awe, believing it but a portent of the unsheathed sword of the Almighty, until one morning . . . I suddenly remembered the wild sunsets of the nineteenth century witnessed in Europe, America, and, I think, everywhere, after the eruption of the volcano of Krakatoa. Owen's Dulce Est Pro Patria Mori. (77-78) Adam has good reason to think the Firs wild sunsets are a portent of apocalypse since the burden he bears is to definition of judging someone live in the aftermath of a worldwide catastrophe.

Having been the first man to reach the North Pole, Adam gradually realizes, as he returns home to England, that he is the last man left alive. A purple cloud of The Country of Pointed Essay, poisonous gas has enveloped nearly the entire planet, sparing only the very northernmost latitudes. Was The Second Amendment Written. It is this memory of the Krakatoa sunsets that leads Adam to suspect the source of the poison cloud was a volcanic eruption. This indirection surrounding the novel’s central event—the volcanic eruption—distinguishes The Purple Cloud from earlier disaster narratives discussed by Nicholas Daly. In Shiel’s story, the of Pointed Essay volcano’s eruption is not the dramatic climax; instead, over eighty percent of the novel focuses on designer Adam’s survival after the of Pointed disaster.[12] Adam frequently, and at definition of judging, great length, describes dead people and destroyed property, but he encounters them months or years after they perished. The novel does not offer a detailed, direct description of the actual eruption, and hence does not use the eruption itself as spectacle. Adam eventually stumbles across an eyewitness account of the eruption, but the account is brief, and Adam finds it two decades after the fact (180). Albert Tissu, a passenger on board the ship the Marie Meyer (180), witnesses a volcanic island emerging from the sea and records the event in his journal: “we descry a shade rising, a shade, a mighty back, a new-born land, bearing skyward ten flames of fire, slowly, steadily, out of the sea” (181). Tissu hopes to be immortalized for The Country of Pointed, documenting such an extraordinary event. He continues writing until the moment he unexpectedly succumbs to the almond-scented cyanide gas released from the volcano: “I rush down, I write it. . . . When Amendment Written. There is a running about on the decks—an odour like almonds—it is so dark, I—” (182).

Shiel’s inclusion of a shipboard eyewitness is in keeping with the of Pointed Firs significance of sailors’ accounts for understanding Krakatoa. The Royal Society Report suggested, “Perhaps . . . the most important evidence of what was actually going on become a web at Krakatoa during the crisis of the eruption is that derived from The Country Firs witnesses on board ships” (Symons 15), and the Report includes a three-page list and a map detailing the ships in or near the Sunda Strait during or soon after the definition of judging someone eruption (Symons 15-18). The Country Firs. Even Shiel’s choice of the ship’s name, the Marie Meyer , seems to echo one of the ships closest to the Krakatoa eruption—the Dutch trade vessel the Marie (Symons 15). Tissu’s shipboard account is not the only example of The Purple Cloud mimicking the methods of representation through which witnesses reported and scientists studied the Krakatoa eruption. The telegraph and the periodical press also play prominent roles in Shiel’s novel. As Adam returns to Europe from the North Pole and searches for other survivors, he thinks of, but rejects, the telegraph and the wireless (the recently invented radio) as means of was the amendment written, expediting his search: “I had some knowledge of the Morse code, of the manipulation of tape-machines, telegraphic typing-machines, wireless transmitting . . . so I could have wirelessed, or tried to wire from Bergen, to Firs Essay somewhere; but I would not: I was so afraid; afraid lest for ever from nowhere should occur one replying click, or stir of dial-needle” (78). Dulce Et Decorum Essay. Adam fears these technologies’ speed and scope will only hasten the certainty of his complete isolation.

So horrifying is this prospect that he focuses on the absence of impersonal, mechanical clicks and of Pointed Essay dials rather than the absence of the urgent interpersonal communication they were meant to facilitate. Adam has good reason to fear the telegraph’s silence. As he discovers through reading old newspapers, those yet unaffected by the cloud inferred its location and speed based on cessations of telegraph contact. One report in The Kent Express laments, Communication with Tilsit, Insterburg, Warsaw, Cracow . . When Was The Second Amendment Written. . and many smaller towns immediately east of the 21st of longitude has ceased during the night, though in some at least of them there must have been operators still at their posts, undrawn into the westward-rolling torrent: but as all messages from Western Europe have been met only by that mysterious muteness which, three months and two days since, astounded civilisation in the case of Eastern New Zealand, we can only The Country of Pointed assume that these towns, too, have been added to the mournful catalogue; . . When Was The Written. . the rate of the slow-riding vapour which is touring our globe is no longer doubtful, having now been definitely fixed by The Country Essay, Professor Craven at 100 ? miles a day—4 miles 330 yards an become a web hour. (86-87)

Such “mysterious muteness” happened on a more local scale immediately after the Krakatoa eruption. On the day of the catastrophe, the Firs telegraph operator at Batavia wired to Singapore, “unable [to] communicate with Anjer—fear calamity there” (qtd. in Simkin and Fiske 14). Shiel’s fictional newspaper article also resonates with the a web designer scientific analysis of Krakatoa in the periodical press, which included discussion of the speed at which particles from the eruption spread over the earth’s surface. Adam finds additional scientific analysis when he reads the archives of The Country Firs, The Times in their London office, and finds an ongoing debate about the a web designer composition of the deadly cloud. The Country. He finds an article by a Dublin scientist named Sloggett to be most persuasive, and Adam’s praise of Sloggett includes the novel’s second explicit reference to Krakatoa: This article was remarkable for its discernment, because written so early—not long, in fact, after the cessation of communication with Australia, at which date Sloggett stated that the character of the was the second amendment devastation not only proved an eruption—another, but far greater Krakatoa, doubtless in some South Sea region—but indicated that its most active product must be, not CO, but potassic ferrocyanide (K 4 FeCn 6 ). (109) Shiel here uses the public’s memory of The Country Firs, Krakatoa and intensifies it, by making his fictional eruption even more catastrophic in force and more deadly in content than the disaster that inspired it. When Krakatoa exploded on 27 August 1883, it cloaked the surrounding area in a web darkness, inundated nearby shores, and killed tens of thousands. Over 7,000 miles away in England, sensitive instruments recorded air and sea waves, and observers admired and feared the lurid atmospheric effects.

But Krakatoa’s eruption also instigated scientists from The Country Essay varied specialties to cooperate with each other and to seek the public’s help in producing the when was the second amendment written massive Royal Society Report. The eruption and its aftereffects inspired Tennyson to depict a turning point in Western history and Shiel to imagine a harrowing future of human history’s end. Shiel’s protagonist laments, “nothing could be more appallingly insecure than living on a planet” (182). Krakatoa’s catastrophic eruption and The Country Essay its worldwide effects demonstrated the precariousness, and the interconnectedness, of life on earth. Monique R. Morgan is an Associate Professor of English at McGill University, where her research and digging poetry teaching focus on The Country of Pointed Romantic and Victorian literature, narrative theory, poetics, and early science fiction. Her monograph, Narrative Means, Lyric Ends: Temporality in the Nineteenth-Century British Long Poem , was published by Ohio State University Press in 2009. Digging Poetry. She is The Country of Pointed Firs currently working on her second book, tentatively titled Estranged Cognition: Narrative and Epistemology in Victorian Science Fiction . HOW TO CITE THIS BRANCH ENTRY (MLA format) Morgan, Monique R. “The Eruption of Krakatoa (also known as Krakatau) in 1883.” BRANCH: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History . Digging Poetry. Ed. Dino Franco Felluga. Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net . Web. The Country. [Here, add your last date of was the second amendment written, access to BRANCH].

Altick, Richard D. Firs Essay. “Four Victorian Poets and an Exploding Island.” Victorian Studies 3.3 (1960): 249-60. JSTOR . Web. 5 Sept. 2011. Ball, Patricia M. The Science of Aspects: The Changing Role of Fact in the Work of Coleridge, Ruskin, and of geothermal energy Hopkins . London: Athlone, 1971. Print. Ballantyne, R. M. Blown to Bits, or The Lonely Man of Rakata . 1889. London: James Nisbet Co., 1894.

Project Gutenberg . Web. 20 Jan. 2012. Bridges, Robert. Eros and Psyche . The Poetical Works of Robert Bridges . 2nd ed. London: Oxford UP, 1964. 87-184. Print. Chaston, Joel D. “R. M. Ballantyne (24 April 1825 –8 February 1894).” British Children’s Writers, 1800-1880 . Ed.

Meena Khorana. Dictionary of Literary Biography. Vol. 163. Detroit: Gale Research, 1996. 8-20. Dictionary of Literary Biography Complete Online . Gale . Web. 23 Aug. 2012.

Daly, Nicholas. “The Volcanic Disaster Narrative: From Pleasure Garden to Canvas, Page, and Stage.” Victorian Studies 53.2 (2011): 255-85. Print. Flammarion, Camille. Omega: The Last Days of the World . 1893. Intro. Robert Silverberg.

Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1999. Print. Hamblyn, Richard. Terra, Tales of the Earth: Four Events that Changed the World . London: Picador, 2009. The Country Essay. Print. Hopkins, Gerard Manley. “Pied Beauty.” The Poetical Works of Gerard Manley Hopkins . Ed. Norman H. Mackenzie. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1990. 144. Print. —–. “The Windhover.” The Poetical Works of advantage energy, Gerard Manley Hopkins . The Country Of Pointed Firs. Ed.

Norman H. Mackenzie. Advantage. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1990. 144. Print. Menely, Tobias. “‘The Present Obfuscation’: Cowper’s Task and the Time of Essay, Climate Change.” PMLA 127.3 (2012): 477-92. Print. “The Remarkable Sunsets.” Nature 29.740 (3 Jan. 1884): 222-225. Nature Publishing Group . Web. 27 Oct. 2011.

Roos, David A. “The ‘Aims and Intentions’ of Nature .” Victorian Science and Victorian Values: Literary Perspectives . Eds. James Paradis and Thomas Postlewait. Spec. Definition. issue of Annals of the New York Academy of the Sciences 360 (20 Apr. The Country Essay. 1981): 159-80. Print. Shiel, M. P. The Purple Cloud . 1901. Rev. ed. 1929. Intro. John Clute. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 2000.

Print. Simkin, Tom and Richard S. Fiske. Krakatau 1883: The Volcanic Eruption and Its Effects . Washington: Smithsonian Institution P, 1983. Become A Web Designer. Print. Swinburne, Algernon Charles. “A New-Year Ode: To Victor Hugo.” Swinburne’s Collected Poetical Works . Vol. 2. London: William Heinemann, 1927. 865-82. Print. Symons, G. J., ed. The Eruption of Krakatoa, and Subsequent Phenomena : Report of the Krakatoa Committee of the Royal Society . London: Trubner, 1888. Google Books . Web.

4 Sept. 2011. Tennyson, Alfred Lord. “St. Telemachus.” The Poems of Tennyson . Ed. Firs. Christopher Ricks. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. Berkeley: U of California P, 1987. 224-27. Print. Thornton, Ian.

Krakatau: The Destruction and Reassembly of an Island Ecosystem . Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1996. Print. Winchester, Simon. Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded: August 27, 1883 . New York: Harper, 2003. Print.

Wood, Gillen D’Arcy. “1816, The Year without a Summer.” BRANCH: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History . Ed. Dino Franco Felluga. Extension of Romanticism and of geothermal energy Victorianism on the Net . Web. Firs. 4 Sep. 2012. Zaniello, Thomas A. “The Spectacular English Sunsets of the 1880s.” Victorian Science and Victorian Values: Literary Perspectives . Eds.

James Paradis and Thomas Postlewait. A Web Designer. Spec. issue of Annals of the New York Academy of the Sciences 360 (20 Apr. 1981): 247-67. Print. [1] Discussions in of Pointed Essay English usually refer to the island and volcano as “Krakatoa.” The name now used by local inhabitants, and by international scientists who study the island, is “Krakatau,” which was the name used in 1883 by the Dutch, who controlled the definition someone Dutch East Indies (today known as Indonesia). Richard Hamblyn claims there have been at The Country Firs Essay, least sixteen different spellings for the island (131). Since this essay is concerned with late-nineteenth-century British representations of the Owen's Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori Essay volcano, it adopts the usage in most of its sources and refers to the island and volcano as Krakatoa. [2] There is some uncertainty about the exact times of the third and fourth large explosions. Ian Thornton estimates the third to have occurred just after 10:00 a.m. (13) rather than precisely at 10:02, and he gives varying times for the fourth explosion—sometimes 10:52 a.m. (14), and sometimes 10:45 a.m (18).

Simkin and Fiske note previous reports of The Country of Pointed Firs Essay, 9:58, 10:00, and 10:02 for the time of third great explosion, but decide on 9:58 for their chronology (38), and they give 10:45 as the time of the last explosion but acknowledge that the Royal Society claims 10:52 (40). Hamblyn misleadingly refers to digging poetry the 10:02 eruption as Krakatoa’s “final blast,” “terminal eruption,” and “final act of destruction” (160, 158, 157). [3] Simkin and Fiske give a more conservative timeline: “Darkness covered the Sunda Straits from The Country 10 a.m. on the 27th until dawn the next day” (15). [4] The first scientists to study the islands after the 1883 eruption agreed that all life had been killed, but in become a web 1929 C. A. Backer suggested that some species may have survived the eruption, spurring decades of debate (Thornton 79). Currently the vast majority of The Country of Pointed, biologists who study Krakatoa think all life was killed (Thornton 93). [5] The authors of the second written Royal Society’s 1888 report on Krakatoa also emphasized the of Pointed global reach of Krakatoa’s effects, and the telegraph cables which carried news of them.

The Royal Society report begins: “During the closing days of the month of August, 1883, the telegraph-cable from Batavia carried to Singapore, and thence to every part of the civilised world, the news of suburban sonnet, a terrible subterranean convulsion—one which in its destructive results to life and property, and in the startling character of the world-wide effects to which it gave rise, is perhaps without a parallel in historic times” (Symons 1). [6] According to David Roos, such a conjunction of science and art would have appealed to Nature ’s founder and The Country of Pointed Essay editor, Norman Lockyer, who wanted the journal’s contents to someone include all branches of knowledge and its readers and contributors to include both trained scientists and interested laymen. As evidence of Lockyer’s success, Roos cites Hopkins’s letter (173), Lockyer’s own reviews of Royal Academy of Art exhibitions (172), and the frequent contributions of John Brett, “a member of both the Astronomical Society and the Royal Academy of Arts” (171). [7] Altick claims Swinburne “hold[s] the of Pointed Essay mirror of artifice up to nature” by “using his favorite image of flame and fire to describe sunsets which witnesses agree were marked by diffused rather than concentrated light” (259). Altick makes a valid point about the diffuse light of the Krakatoa sunset, yet, as we have seen, Swinburne was far from alone in using the analogy of fire. [8] Altick complains that Tennyson’s individual observations of the Krakatoa sunsets are “clouded by the dramatic or allegorical context[]” (260), and that “the lines he wrote have no necessary impress of personal experience” (258). In contrast, I think Tennyson successfully subsumes details of the Krakatoa phenomena to his dramatic and allegorical purposes. [9] There may be some ambiguity in Tennyson’s phrase “indrawing sea,” depending on the imagined perspective. Suburban Gwen Harwood. The sea could be surging in toward the land, or the of Pointed Firs sea could be drawing itself in away from the shore and stranding a ship that had been anchored. Both cases have parallels with the Krakatoa eruption, which created tsunamis but also caused sea levels to advantage fall in some locations (Thornton 13). [10] In its happy ending, Blown to Bits differs from other disaster narratives designed to elicit “the pleasure of the reader or viewer in destruction—of people, of The Country of Pointed, property, of hopes” (Daly 255).

Ballantyne does describe Krakatoa’s destructive effects in chapter 29, but in a detached, impersonal tone. [11] Compare the opening of this passage to the nearly identical phrasing in the Royal Society Report: “The Island of Java, with an area about equal to that of England, contains no fewer than forty-nine great volcanic mountains, some of which rise to become designer a height of 12,000 feet above the sea-level. Of these volcanoes, more than half have been seen in eruption during the short period of the The Country Firs Essay European occupation of the island, while some are in a state of almost constant activity. Hot springs, mud-volcanoes, and vapour-vents abound in Owen's patria Essay Java, while earthquakes are by no means unfrequent” (Symons 4). [12] In this focus on survival, The Purple Cloud more closely resembles the disaster narratives that followed it rather than those that preceded it.

According to Daly, “In twentieth- and twenty-first-century disaster texts the interest often resides in the post-disaster society, or the family unit that survives, say, malevolent weather, town-swallowing geological events, or nuclear armageddon” (255-56). Adam has the chance to form a family unit (and possibly repopulate the The Country of Pointed world) when he discovers a female survivor. One of Daly’s twentieth-century examples is the film The World, The Flesh, and the Devil (280 n1), which is a very loose adaptation of The Purple Cloud .

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To Investigate Prime Importance of of Pointed Firs Essay Brand Loyalty Marketing Essay. Brand loyalty is considering as essential element to sustain in the competitive environment and success of any organization. It is a way to keep their customers for longer time with the company and to get competitive advantage. Brand loyalty shows the trust and commitment of customers towards brand. Pitta and advantage energy katsanis (1995) suggest that brands those have strong commitments of customers are good ways to get competitive edge. With the ever-changing environment and high competition in the market, make companies more reluctant to sustain in the market. Specifically, the The Country Essay brand loyal customer may be willing to pay premium price when they found exclusive value and strong association with a brand over the competitor’s product. This strong association and superior value may come from Owen's Dulce est Pro patria high brand credibility in of Pointed Essay, terms of Dulce patria mori trust and expertise. Essay! Moreover, the brand loyalty reduces the operating cost of firms as well as generates the referral business that increases the overall firm’s profitability. Now days, brand loyalty has become a most important point of study for of geothermal energy, marketing researchers and practitioners. Many of past studies suggested that the brand loyal customer spend more than none-loyal customer does.

According to Dekimpe et al. (1997), loyal customers and competent brands are basic elements to retain the customers and to get sustained competitive edge. Brand loyalty is a good way to estimate the customer repurchase pattern of a particular product and leads to greater market share when same brand purchase on repeat basis. Among the many factors that influence the brand loyalty but some have significant impact on the brand loyalty are brand credibility, perceived quality and brand name. Many firms increase the profit and capture the huge market share just because of brand loyalty. Brand loyalty means customers always prefer one specific brand over the competitive set and also recommend others to Firs purchase the same product or brand.

Companies those want to get competitive advantage and differentiate their offerings always try to recognize the perception of customers, because on these perceptions firm can get customers’ trust and commitment and make them loyal (Genesh et al., 2000;65). Many firms cannot use marketing mix in effective way to definition of judging satisfy the customers’ needs, which make customers dissatisfied and they switch to others brands. The dissatisfaction of customers can affect the brand loyalty and brand trust directly or indirectly. For retaining customers and make them loyal, first thing is to build trust on product. Trustworthiness of brand leads customers towards high-perceived quality. The Country! These two factors brand credibility and high-perceived quality lead towards brand loyalty. High-perceived quality provides high profit to firm because if perception of product is of judging someone strong in customers mind, they are willing to pay premium price. In the global market, demand for the footwear/ shoe industry is very high and expected to reach $195 billion by 2015, according to research from Global Industry Analysts. Footwear industry in Pakistan, is growing rapidly and lot of companies (Multinational and The Country of Pointed Firs Essay local) competing for Owen's mori, capturing the maximum market share. Firs! Researchers have estimated that consumption for the footwear is double every 20 years.

Rise of energy brand consciousness in The Country of Pointed Essay, Pakistan urban markets has given a big boost to local footwear industry. Many International footwear brands have also put their foot in Pakistan like Hush Puppies, Pierre Cardin and Logo but most of these brands are being manufactured by leading local companies of Pakistan under the license. Definition Someone! With increasing trends towards fashion and appearal, demand for women footwear has increased over past few years. Currently, most women prefer to buy their shoes and sandals from shops such as EBH, Ehsan Chapal, Fitrite, Stylo, WalkEaze or the hundreds of others shoe stores that litter every bazaar. Most of local companies are targeting the female demographic and offering the huge variety of shoes in terms of design or style. The objective of this study is to investigate prime importance of of Pointed Firs Essay brand loyalty in the shoe industry, how can we developed brand loyalty in Dulce et decorum mori Essay, customer’s mind and build the strong relationship. There are several definitions and dimensions proposed by researcher to of Pointed Essay explore and measure the brand loyalty. Dulce Et Decorum Essay! For this reason, we are studying dimensions of brand loyalty that help us to explore it in of Pointed Firs, the shoe industry. This study based on footwear/shoe industry. As customer satisfied more with the brand, he or she will remain loyal with product or brand that shows his or her commitment to buy in the future and generate the referral business by recommending other to purchase such product.

Moreover, second and main motivation of the study is to find out the following relationship between different variables. 1. To explore the relationship of brand loyalty with brand credibility, perceived quality and brand name. 3. To study the Owen's est Pro mori Essay impact of price on perceived quality. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW. 2.1 Brand Loyalty. Brand loyalty becomes a crucial factor of Essay success in today’s business. It is largely depend on firm’s competencies to attract the customers towards its brand and keep in business. The literature on loyalty measurement shows an evolutionary development in social sciences.

According to Assael (1993), it is a repetitive purchase behavior of same brand based on customer’s satisfaction with their accumulated experience. Copeland (1923) described that the concept of “loyalty” nurtured out of the term “insistence”. Insistence refers as the last stage of consumer’s attitude; where consumers do not accept substitutes while deciding to buy product/ service. In the early researches, the when was the written act of repurchase was use as measurement method of The Country of Pointed brand loyalty. However, in the recent studies, many of researchers proposed the affective loyalty as best way to measure brand loyalty (Bennett and of geothermal energy Rundle-Thiele, 2000). The Country Essay! Groth and McDaniel (1993) suggested that affective loyalty represents the consumer loyalty to a particular brand in all manners. Become Designer! Brand loyalty can be measure with the help of these measurements. A customer having high brand loyalty will interact enthusiastically with the brand and keen to The Country Firs Essay share their experience. It tells the nature of become a web designer relationship between brand and customer.

Brand loyalty is a consistent purchase pattern and positive attitude towards a particular brand over the time (Aaker, 1992). This conceptualization includes a behavioral and an attitudinal perspective and brand loyalty considered most important factor that affect the consumer choice (Baldinger and Rubinson, 1996). The Country Of Pointed Essay! Dick and Basu, (1992) and Neal and Strauss, (2008) recommended attitudinal and behavioral measurements of Dulce et decorum patria Essay brand loyalty. Aaker and keller, (1990) suggests that loyalty is associated with the various factor, the important ones being the The Country Firs Essay experience of use. 2.2 Brand Credibility. Brand credibility means customers believe on one brand. Brand credibility defined as customer or user do trust and rely on the promises which company made through their advertisement (Herbig and suburban Milewicz, 1995). Firms must focus on two most important factors of credibility; credibility should be time sensitive and of Pointed Essay intensions of firm. Customers will determine firm’s future credibility in their minds by observing the present behaviors (Herbig and Milewicz, 1995). The great way to influence the customers is to develop brand credibility before any actions (Sobel, 1985).

Brand credibility has two dimensions that are trustworthiness and expertise (Erdem and Swait, 1998, 2004, Erdem et al., 2002, 2006). Sobel (1985) suggested that trust element in the brand credibility makes decision-making easy for customers. Trustworthiness refers to the reliability of information and promise that the firm delivers through advertisements while expertise is the firm’s capabilities to meet those promises effectively. Customers are emotionally attached with brand on it they have full trust and this make decision making process more easy (Maathuis et al., 2004). Endem and Swait (2004) suggested that strong and clear positioning of product comes from brand credibility as considered an important factor. Moreover, the become strong positioning of brand reduces the perceived risk of users and customer gather less information in buying process (Srinivasn and Ratchford, 1991; Shugan, 1980). Of Pointed Essay! According to signaling theory, brand credibility is important factor to deliver effective information and harwood signaling brand (Tirole, 1988). Brand credibility is the heart of signaling brand effectively.

When brand is The Country Firs more credible from other competing brands or products, brand loyalty increases, it means brand credibility develops the trust in Owen's Dulce patria Essay, customers mind about the specific brand and leads more commitment towards brand for the longer period. Of Pointed! This commitment towards brand increases the loyalty. H1. Brand credibility has significant positive relationship with brand loyalty. 2.3 Perceived Quality. Perceived quality is a customer perception about the quality of Owen's Dulce et decorum mori Essay product or service. (Zeithaml, 1988) conceptualizes that perceived quality is of Pointed Firs different from actual or objective quality because it is a customer’s perception and judgment about product. In addition, Perceived quality is overall feelings associated with brand.

According to previous researchers, the product quality concept contains the diverse aspects and implications (Olson and Jacoby 1972; Etgar and Malhotra 1978b). (Lewis 19SO) define that quality is meaningless apart from expected experience or use. (Brunso et al., 2005) indicate that the quality may be conceptualizes by suburban gwen harwood, two different viewpoints: objective quality and subjective or perceived quality. The objective quality based on the evaluation by the technical, verifiable and The Country Essay measureable nature of quality control procedure (Apelbaum et al. 2003). On the other hand, subjective or perceived quality is the judgment and perception of consumer about quality (Zeithaml, 1988). Moreover, the most important dimensions on which perceived quality depend are reliability and Owen's Dulce mori Essay performance of product. The dimensions of of Pointed perceived product quality are performance, features, conformance with specifications, reliability, durability, serviceability (services with the product) and last most important quality. In footwear industry, appearance and other tangible features are necessary because material that used in making product considered as important element for product quality. According to the theory of a web signaling, there are many factors that act as signals of quality like price, country of origin and The Country of Pointed Firs Essay expenses on advertising etc (Yoo et al., 2000, Rao and ruekert, 1999).

Moreover, the consumer put high value on brand when they perceived that the brand has superior quality over the competitor’s products. Shoe products have some functional characteristics like softness, waterproof ability and most important the product should be durable. According to of geothermal Bolton and Drew (1991) perceived quality is of Pointed Firs a source of giving reason to become customers to buy differentiate brand from other competing brands and this reason provides value to customers Through perceived quality, customers do psychological assessment and of Pointed Firs decide which one is superior. Owen's Dulce Et Decorum Est Pro Essay! Zeithaml (1988) defined perceived quality as customer opinion about product performance that how much product is superior from other products. The Country Of Pointed Essay! This definition emphasizes that it is of geothermal not always compulsory that perceived quality should have the Firs Essay relevancy with real quality of product; it may have relevancy to become designer customer’s product experience or by comparing the The Country of Pointed product with others. Perceived quality is an important element that can differentiate one brand from others competing brands and that differentiation give reason to designer customers to buy one brand (Pappu et al., 2005). Of Pointed Firs Essay! As customer experienced more perceived quality, it will become more satisfied and loyal with brand. H2. Perceived quality has significant positive relationship with brand loyalty. The most important element of marketing mix is price. Price is the monetary value that the customer pays to acquire a product or services.

Price is the most significant factor that affects the consumer’s choice (Kotler P., Armstrong, Saunders, #038; Wong, 1999). The literature on hedonic quality measurement suggested that price is the best indicator to measure the product quality (Court 1939 and Griliches 1971). Of Geothermal Energy! Moreover, empirical research has investigated the price and The Country Firs Essay quality relationship (Olsan, 1977) and shows that consumer use price to assess the quality when it is only available cue. Referring to Murray #038; O’ Driscoll, (1996) that high-perceived quality is associated with premium price as customers evaluate high-perceived quality over premium price. According to (Rao and Monroe, 1988), customer evaluates the premium or higher prices with higher quality and low prices considered as indication of digging poetry inferior quality. Moreover, the customer perceived positively towards quality brands than generic brands when they are prompted often (Raghubir and Firs Essay Corfman, 1995). Research indicates that there is positive relationship between price and product quality (Rao and suburban Monroe, 1989).

In addition, some empirical studies have found that discount prices lead to reliable increase in perception of value (e.g. Compeau and Grewal, 1998). Customers can be influence by higher price in two ways: one way is that if price of product is high, customer perceived as high quality product and second effect of high price is that product is not affordable to of Pointed Firs Essay buy (Ares et al., 2009). The best indicator of high-perceived quality of sonnet harwood brand is high price (Costa and The Country Essay Grunert, 2009). Therefore, the price can be viewed as an antecedent of perceived quality. However to build strong perception of sonnet product in customers’ mind, price plays very crucial role. Through price signaling effect on perceived quality, company can capture more market share and increase their profit. Blattberg #038; Winniewski (1989), Dodds et al. (1991), Kamakura and Russell (1991), Milgrom #038; Roberts (1986) claimed that brands of high priced have more perceived quality for customers than those brands which have low price. H3. Price has significant relationship with perceived quality.

Brand name is a process of of Pointed Essay development of brand identity or creation of brand’s image but it is time consuming and expensive (Kohli and Thakor (1997). Development of was the second brand name is an Essay essential part of process for designer, creating brand image. According to The Country of Pointed Thaker, (2006) that brand image is a psychological thoughts of natural traits and has a special relation to concept of brand’s identity. (Aaker 1996; Henderson and Cote 1998; Shimp 2003) mentions that brand name and brand symbol is a way to communicate the brand identity or brand image to of judging consumer. The Country Of Pointed! Research on brand names have conducted over when was the second the fifty years and have led to Essay a wide body of knowledge (Collins 1977; Gardner and Levy 1955; Miller et al. 1971). Keller, (2003) conceptualizes that the famous brand names spread the product benefits and lead to higher recall of the advertised benefits than none-famous brand names. Prestige and well-known brand name can attract more customers to buy a product or brand (Aaker, 1997) and influence the repeat purchase behavior and reduce the price related switching behavior (Cadogan and Foster, 2000: Czerniawski #038; Maloney, 1999). Energy! Moreover, the brand personality provides links to the brand’s emotional and self- symbolization benefits for differentiation. Consumer always trust and prefer the most prestigious and famous brand names instead of none-famous. In the footwear sector, famous and of Pointed Essay prestigious brands, such as Hush Pupies, Stylo, Piero Cardin etc. may have a high product class and well recognized brand name image. Empirical and theoretical studies suggested that the meaningful brand names are easier to memorize and generally prefer over of geothermal none meaningful brand names (Klink 2001 and Kohli, 2000).

According to Keller, (1993) and Macdonal #038; Sharp, (2000) Brand name and The Country of Pointed brand awareness plays an significant role on the consumer purchase intention because consumer tend to purchase well known and familiar brands. H4. Advantage Of Geothermal Energy! Brand Name has significant positive relationship with brand loyalty. 3.0 Conceptual Model. 4.0 Research Methodologies.

This research is of descriptive nature that can be explained as describing any particular object, situation or phenomena. Main purpose of descriptive research is accurate portrayal of the characteristics of population, situation or particular topic (Polit and Hungler 2004:716). According to (Creswell, 1994), descriptive research refers as describing a particular situation or phenomena instead of interpreting and of Pointed Firs Essay deciding decision. This study evaluates the impact of brand loyalty on customer’s mind and its relationship with different variables like brand credibility, perceived quality, brand name and also study price relationship with perceived quality. Samples of 250 respondents were asked to participate in self-administrated questionnaire. The population of current research is female customers of Stylo Shoes at Bahawalpur City, Pakistan. Convenience sampling technique was used to collect the data. (Zikmund, 1997) defines that convenient sampling is a technique used to energy collect the information from sample that are both easily accessible and The Country of Pointed willing to participate in a study. 4.2 Measurement/ Instruments. The survey instrument contains two sections. Section 1 recorded the respondent’s personal and demographic information with respect to their age, income, education, status and marital status.

Section 2 includes the latent variables that are most important in the current study. There are five variables used in this study: Brand loyalty, brand credibility, perceived quality, price and brand name. Owen's Et Decorum Patria! All scales were adapted from the previous published researches. Brand loyalty was measured by four items constructed to reflect either the purchase-related or the Essay attitudinal aspects (Jacoby and Chestnut 1978). Brand credibility scale has adapted from suburban harwood brand signaling research (Erdem and Swait, 2004). Seven items encompassing expertise and The Country Firs Essay trustworthiness were used for measuring brand credibility. Perceived quality was measured using four items originally suggested by Aaker (1991); Yoo and Donthu (2001).

Price was measured by four items scale and adapted from (Lichtenstein et al. 1993). Finally, brand name was measured by four items scale and adapted from (Aaker, 1996; Cadogan and Foster, 2000; Jacoby and Chestnut, 1978). All items were measured using a five-point Likert scale, anchored by “1 – strongly agree and 5 – strongly disagree.” The Influence On Service Expectations Marketing Essay Profitability and loyalty: A good customer service brings a high margin of profit to the business as every customer expects good service in. Introduction This research proposal aims to investigate the extent to which brand loyalty has an effect on a consumer's decision to purchase goods or services from an organisation more than. INTRODUCTION A Company is said to have a competitive advantage if it can sustain a profit that exceeds the average of the et decorum patria Essay industry .According to Michael Porter there are two basic types of.

Customer care was defined by Kotler as a service that one can offer to The Country Firs another which is essentially intangible and does not result in the ownership of anything but brings about customer delight and. 1. Advantage Of Geothermal! Introduction to the Topic: Over the Essay years, the definition of judging understanding of how a firm can attain and maintain sustainable competitive advantage is major area of research in the field of Essay management. Promotions are not just aimed at increasing usage of the designer products. Followings are five other specific promotional aims. Sales Growth There have two term of campaigns, long term and short term. The last decades there is The Country Firs Essay a brand new term going around in the world of business.

Its name is Competitive Advantage. As various extremely important executives claim this factor can be the become a web missing. In order for of Pointed Essay, a business to be very profitable it needs marketing strategies to sell their products and services. Marketing is mainly to do with understanding the customer's needs and to ensure that. Didn't find the essay?

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A Bad Day At School Essays and Research Papers. The Country Of Pointed Firs? ?A Bad Day Everyone has gone through bad times in their life. It is the Dulce et decorum mori Essay moment when you wish the earth would open . Of Pointed? up and energy, swallow you. Of Pointed Firs? The embarrassment and discomfort felt during that time which may only become designer last a few seconds feels like the of Pointed time has stood still. When Was The Second Amendment? I woke up at 6.00 am, when I was rudely awakened by my screaming alarm clock. I pounded on it until I found the ‘snooze’ button. My eyelids felt heavy and dropped down. Tiredness got the best of The Country Essay me. I rolled back over to catch a few more. 2006 albums , I Am , Take a Look in the Mirror 1648 Words | 5 Pages.

Have you ever had a really bad day ? If so, have you done something to advantage of geothermal, make it better? Or, have you just decided to The Country, leave it as a . bad day ? It is very possible that every single person have had experienced a bad day . For me, that bad day was on April 7th, 2011. Three major bad things happened to Owen's et decorum Essay, me that day . I had a lot of school work, stress at my work place and had an accident. For one I had a lot of school work to do for The Country of Pointed Firs my three classes at IVC. The three classes that I am taking are: English. Crash , English-language films , Idea 1185 Words | 3 Pages. Is School Bad for sonnet gwen Children? Education has always been an intense topic of of Pointed Firs Essay discussion among many cultures and different . groups of people. For many years it was believed that without formal structured education, academic success couldn't be achieved.

Today that idea has been challenged and proved invalid by homeschooling, online classes and alternative learning of all sorts. In the article,” School is when was the second, Bad for Children,” American author and The Country Firs, educator John Holt talks about the failures and flaws. Owen's Dulce Est Pro Essay? Compulsory education , Education , Educational psychology 893 Words | 3 Pages. Of Pointed Firs Essay? School Uniforms: Good or Bad ? Kelly Wiles Picture this: walking into suburban sonnet gwen a school and seeing that America's youth is . The Country Essay? not being judged by what they are wearing: whether their style is cool or not. Definition? Uniforms are to The Country Essay, the suburbs wildly (Ferrandino, Newsweek). Whether students approve or not, uniforms are spreading across the nation.

There are many advantages to become a web, this school clothing restraint. They help students as well as parents resist peer pressure. They also prevent gang members from wearing gang accessories. Bloods , Education , Gang 1232 Words | 3 Pages. A summary of the story BAD GIRLS IN SCHOOL This story starts off with three girls going to of Pointed Firs, Redeemer College a . school for only girls, they have caused so much trouble for the time they have been attending the school and have given it a bad reputation. Ta Jeeka Brentford, Caledonia Nuttall and become, Katreena Melmac has made it their duty to Firs, disobey anyone who tries to tell them what is right but on a July afternoon a meeting is sonnet harwood, called to of Pointed Firs, decide what to do with the three girls but the principal’s mind has. De tribus puellis , English-language films , Family 1207 Words | 3 Pages.

Day School Is Better Than Boarding School. Many parents confused whether to send their children to boarding school or sending them to day school . Designer? Some parents . Of Pointed Firs Essay? bewildered which one is better for digging poetry their children. Nowadays, both parents thought that boarding school is better than day schools . But, as a student, for me I do not agree with the Firs Essay statement which been said that boarding school is digging poetry, better than day schools . The Country Firs Essay? As we know, in boarding school , children just learnt to leave alone without their parents. This will leave a psychological impact. Boarding school , Boarding schools , Education 1122 Words | 3 Pages. beautiful and sophisticated. “Hey, freshman,” she greeted me early in the morning. “Hey, you can head to school first because I’ll be . heading to school after you,” I said in tediousness. Digging Poetry? “Sure! Being late on of Pointed Firs the first day of school ? That’s a bad habit. Anyways, see you there,” she replied in her cheery voice and giggled. She went out of my room and for few minutes later, she headed to school . Kat looks like a model. Of Geothermal Energy? She’s tall, five-nine, and has a figure most girls would die for. The Country Of Pointed Essay? She eats everything. American football , Basketball , Basketball terminology 1015 Words | 3 Pages.

Hartley Hyde Page 4 of 6 Twice the Angle Deductive Reasoning Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Given: Circle centre A in which the arc BC subtends a central . angle BAC and an angle BDC at a point D on the circumference. To Prove: m?BAC = ? ? Proof: BAD is isosceles (AB = AD: radii) m?ABD = m?ADB = m?BAE = 2? ? (base?s isos ) (Ext Angle Thm) Similarly m?CAE = 2? In fig 1, m?BAC = (2? + 2?) = 2(? + In fig 2, m?BAC = (2?) = 2(?) = In fig 3, m?BAC = (2? – 2?) = 2(? – 2 ? m?BDC ?) = 2 ? m?BDC Construction. Angle , Central angle , Chord 1180 Words | 6 Pages. Responsibility of School Sometimes when we are going to school and sitting on the bus, there is always a question . shows on in our brain: what is the goal for us to definition of judging, go to Firs Essay, school , though goes to designer, school is one of the of Pointed Firs compulsory things in gwen our life? When we are in school , there is The Country Essay, a list of rules to et decorum patria mori, limit us to expand our thinking ways and restrict our hobbies. In the article “ School Is Bad for Essay Children,” John Holt reveals some problems of the current system of schooling that are bad for Owen's et decorum est Pro patria Essay children.

Critical thinking , Education , High school 1178 Words | 4 Pages. Fun, scary, and nurve recking. The first day of highschool. New school , new teachers, and new friends, all part of . another new school year. This one is The Country of Pointed, different though, its the Owen's est Pro patria mori Essay first day of high school . Firs? Some kids act really scared or nurvice and others dont.

The truth is, mostly everyone who walks through those doors for the first time is in become a web designer one way or another scared. Of Pointed Firs? Some other students think that the first day is the easiest, because of no work having to be done, and. Chair , College , High school 464 Words | 3 Pages. The Disadvantages of Full Day Schools. Disadvantages on Full Day School Introduction Full day schooling refers to digging poetry, a longer day at The Country Essay, . preschool where they not only learn but are also given time for energy play. Of Pointed Firs? (Lamphere, 2009) Full day preschools run for five hours or longer for five days a week.

Half day preschools run for approximately 3 hours for five days a week. (Rosamilia, 2008) Researchers have constantly compared these two types of schooling and most studies came to digging poetry, a conclusion that full day schools are better than half day schools . There are a. Early childhood education , Education in Singapore , Kindergarten 1853 Words | 5 Pages. The Country Firs? Pros and Cons of Four Day School Week Pro: Saving Money and when was the second amendment, Saving Jobs * Shortening the school week can . address budget deficits and save teachers who would have to be laid off otherwise. In the case of Peach County, Georgia, the district either needed to shorten the school week or cut 39 teachers from the The Country Firs Essay workforce in Owen's Essay the 2009 to of Pointed Essay, 2010 school year, according to Fox News. Shaving a day from the second amendment school week saves money without sacrificing teaching talent. This approach makes sense if a district. The Country Of Pointed Firs? Curriculum , Education , Extracurricular activity 843 Words | 3 Pages.

Broyles November 5, 2014 Why all Schools Should Have a Four Day School Week Changing the five day . school week has been argued for second and against due the controversy as to of Pointed Essay, whether or not it would actually be beneficial to students and teachers. When approaching the idea, many people would like to believe that five day school weeks are the most efficient and productive way to educate our youth. What is often overlooked, however, is definition of judging someone, that it is causing students to Essay, dread school more than they already do, and. College , Education , Grammar school 990 Words | 3 Pages. Dulce? until five each night. When you come home after school there is no one home with you. What could you get into? You might know right from wrong . but you still might get yourself into some trouble. Just out of The Country of Pointed plain curiosity you might get into something or an amendment written accident could happen without you even being involved in it. But I say there is a way to stop this from ever happening.

I think we should either keep schools open longer or introduce more after school programs. Many advantages would come from either. College , Grade , High school 836 Words | 4 Pages. effects of tracking in schools . Teachers are better able to target individual needs and students will learn more. Advanced students will have . the of Pointed Firs Essay opportunities to becomes leaders in their career fields. Homogeneous groups are easier to teach, and digging poetry, it improves the instructional setting for of Pointed selected students. Unless everyone is going to digging poetry, be taught the same thing at The Country of Pointed Firs, the same time, grouping is necessary, and tracking is not difficult since the students will need to be grouped anyway. Dulce Essay? Schools don't create differences. Aptitude , Education , High school 888 Words | 3 Pages. ?On Monday morning I woke stretching to switch my buzzing alarm clock off it was 7am. I did not sleep very well because it was my first day at . Firs? secondary. Part of the night I was feeling restless but I did not know why. I was feeling rather anxious throughout the night but I was happy to start a new life.

I worked over to open the blinds for once the sun was shining bright as my new uniform. I worked over to make sure that my uniform was still hanging in wardrobe. Digging Poetry? My uniform was looking unique there. The Country Of Pointed Essay? College , Feeling , High school 1290 Words | 3 Pages. When Second? make your life are changing after you walked into the campus at first day in college. I used to think about the The Country class in suburban sonnet gwen college which is . different from in high school . Those people who are older than me, they have told me that college would be new life for me. That college would show me what is the differently between college and high school . I was really wondering about of Pointed, it, I didn't know anything since the first year and first day . Everything I knew before I went to college that was I had to studied. Academia , College , Education 850 Words | 3 Pages. Memories of the first day of school. As I crawled into bed to go to sleep that night, the ease of summer slowed fade into the responsibility of the school year. As the alarm clock . rings promptly at 7:15 the next morning, all traces of summer vanished into September's doldrums. Once again, it was September!

To most of us was the beginning of the school year that morning and to some of us was just and ordinary day . The air was crisp and cool, the of judging trees exploded with brightly colored leaves and beautiful roses lying on of Pointed Firs Essay bushes with their. Alarm clock , Class , Education 1041 Words | 3 Pages. Japanese Script_1st day of school. Become Designer? ???????? Shin gakunen no shigyo-bi First Day Of School Camille: Kon'nichiwa! Ohayo. Ogenkidesuka? . ?????!???????????? (Hi! Good morning.

How are you?) Roanne: Ohayogozaimasu. Watashi wa genkidesu. Sochira wa ikagadeshou ka? ?????????????????????????????? (Good morning. I’m good. How about you?) Camille: Genkidesu yo! Tokorode, Watashi ni anata no namae o oshiete itadakemasu ka? ????????????????????????????? Fine! By the way, may I know.

High school , High School Musical , Watashi Wa 439 Words | 3 Pages. The Country Firs? ?First Day at a New School And there I was, standing in front of the new school I’m going to become a web, attend. My heart is . racing so I asked myself, “Am I nervous or just excited, now that I’ll be at school again?” It was mixed emotions I am feeling that day . Thoughts and questions are running in my head; having an anxiety of what their first impression will be. The Country Essay? “I hope they won’t bully me,” “This school year is going to be exciting,” and “I heard that the professors here are nice,” are just some of the ideas. 2005 singles , Classroom , Idea 988 Words | 3 Pages. students go to school for four of five days a week? Portsmouth is a small school district in central Rhode Island. . This town's council is energy, not giving the schools enough money, so that is why there are so many budget cuts. Many of the of Pointed Firs decisions of the school system are pressured upon the school committee.

This school's committee, like every school committee, has been elected to office by when second amendment written the parents and the town's people. Portsmouth should have a four day school week because the four day week saves money. Education , English-language films , Gymnasium 871 Words | 3 Pages. ? The perfect day before disaster The bond between a mother and a daughter is one that is The Country of Pointed Firs, unbreakable. It is designer, a bond that no one can . understand unless they experience it themselves. I am one of those lucky daughters out The Country Firs Essay there that had that type of et decorum patria mori bond with my mother. Of Pointed Essay? I was a complete “mommy’s girl”. As I started to grow up everywhere she went, I was right behind her, stepping on her heels along the way. I wanted to talk like her, act like her and even look like her. Sometimes she would catch. Coco , Father , Horse 1304 Words | 3 Pages. Advantage Of Geothermal? My First Day of High School “Beep, Beep, Beep!” 6:00 A.M my alarm clock was activated, it was time for me to of Pointed Firs, get ready and . prepared myself for my first day of High School as a freshman student in Piscataway Vo – Tech High School . Fear, excitement, and when written, all of these different emotions were running through my head as I wondered how difficult high school would be, who I would sit with at lunch time or if I would be able to memorize my locker combination.

My first day of high school as a freshman. 2006 albums , Education , High school 1086 Words | 3 Pages. Reflective Essay- First day of school. The Country Of Pointed Firs? ? Approaching the of geothermal energy intimidating building that holds the The Country of Pointed Firs future of not only the rest of my high school career, but my entire life, I continue to . feel a longing for my old school . I wish for my old friends who I know will recognize me and jump to greet me; my old routine that I grew so accustomed to. Designer? But none of Firs that matters now. All that matters is that I currently feel like a “nobody” and I’m certain that is all that I’ll feel for the next two agonizing years of my life.

Is it just my imagination. High school , Laughter , Pessimism 905 Words | 3 Pages. The first day is always the hardest. You go from was the amendment being the leaders of the school , to the babies of the school . . The Country Of Pointed? It was the first day and everybody was full of both excitement and fear. I looked around, I saw a bunch of crowded newbies all around me, anxiously awaiting the bell, at the start the only person I could recognise was Chiara. Chiara is of geothermal energy, one of The Country Essay my best friends; we went through primary school together. Gradually more and more people showed up, until I could barely move. A few of definition someone them. Educational stages , High school , Junior school 765 Words | 3 Pages. The Country Firs Essay? ? School Days This memoir is about looking back on all of my school days so far and acknowledging . the good’s and bad times that I’ve had during these days . The first school I went too was the Knox church.

The second school where I spent seven years at was Caudle Park elementary. During my easy years in junior high were spent at A.J. Smeltzer. I don’t remember a lot about Owen's et decorum est Pro patria, my days in preschool. Of Pointed Firs Essay? I went to preschool at the Knox church. During that time my mother didn’t have her license so we. Sonnet Harwood? Education , Educational stages , Elementary school 528 Words | 2 Pages. r my “FRIEND” u r the The Country of Pointed Essay “BEST”. A special friend is rare indeed, it beems to be special breed, yes, perfect friends r very few, so lucky I m for . having you. They say it takes a minute 2 fine a special person, an hour 2 appreciate them, a day 2 love them, but then an become entire life 2 forget them. When God opened the window of the Heaven He asked me: What is your wish for today? “I said : please take special care of the person reading this. ” Time might lead me to nowhere and faith might.

Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 876 Words | 3 Pages. As education’s budget cuts continue, school districts across the nation search for ways to save money, and one very promising option that they . The Country Firs? have discovered is the digging poetry four- day school week. A school in New Mexico, during an energy crisis in the 1970’s, was the first to attempt this new type of The Country of Pointed Firs school week in suburban sonnet gwen harwood order to save energy and as of of Pointed Firs Essay 2008 there were one hundred school districts that had adopted this perpetual three- day weekend (Work). It is of judging someone, mostly in The Country of Pointed Essay small, rural communities where the kids have. Digging Poetry? Childcare , Education , Energy 1024 Words | 3 Pages. English Essay - When You'Ve Had a Bad Day. When You've Had a Bad Day | | You've no doubt heard about the Firs bricklayer who applied for time off work for the . following reason: When I got to the building, I found that the advantage of geothermal hurricane had knocked off some bricks around the top so I climbed onto the roof and rigged up a beam with a pulley and hoisted a couple of barrels full of bricks to the top of the building.Then I went to the bottom, and holding onto the line, I began releasing it. Unfortunately, the barrel of bricks was much heavier.

Doctor , Zig Ziglar 1127 Words | 3 Pages. My first day in an English speaking school 1. ?Maddie Zisk My first day in an English speaking school . I thought back, to everything, everything that had happened and where it . all had started. Here, it had started here. Memories flooded back, memories of people, memories of places, memories of… of everything. With one last look around I took a deep breath and boarded the aeroplane, I was ready. I arrived the day before the start of the second semester.

Though my things had arrived almost a week before, but I had been content living out of a. Firs? A Little Bit , Class I railroad , English language 1299 Words | 4 Pages. Day Cares in School; Promotes a Better Opportunity for. Day Cares in designer School ; Promotes a Better Opportunity for The Country of Pointed Essay Teen Mothers to Continue Their Education Day cares all . Advantage? around the country today either cost too much for teen mothers or don’t fit into the mother’s schedule. For this reason, high schools that have high teen birth percentage rates should be permitted to have day cares in their high schools . By implementing day cares in school , teen mothers would have a safe environment for their babies during the school day . Of Pointed Firs? This would give the Owen's est Pro patria young mother. Of Pointed Essay? Abortion , Adolescence , High school 891 Words | 3 Pages. Francisco Javier Vargas Mrs. Mundo English 11 Period: 1 20 August 2012 Going to when amendment, school It's hard enough to get kids to take their . education seriously when it's compulsory, I can't imagine the The Country number of kids who would totally give up on the idea if they actually had a choice in become a web designer the matter. The Country? “Mandatory attendance laws force many to attend school who have no wish to be there… The solution to Owen's Dulce et decorum est Pro patria Essay, this problem is Firs Essay, simple: Abolish compulsory- attendance laws and second, allow only those who are committed to. Education , English-language films , History of education 855 Words | 3 Pages. Bad day One day , I was playing with my two sisters hide and find game.

It was our favorite game ever, and we . Of Pointed Essay? used to play it every day . But, in someone that day we were alone and of Pointed, our parents were in my aunt’s house. while we were playing it, my sisters hide from me. Suddenly, I heard their voices in our parent’s room, so I quickly ran to when, their room. But, when I tried to open the door, I found it closed. Then, I shouted for them to open the of Pointed door, but they didn’t answer. After that, I sat down to think. 2007 singles , American films , English-language films 535 Words | 2 Pages. 101 16 April 2012 School Uniforms What should I wear today? This is a question I ask myself every day as a high . school student.

What if students didn’t have to sonnet, pick out what they wore every day ? What if they already had their outfit picked out for them? With school uniforms, students wouldn’t have to go through the stress of finding what to wear. There are many good things that would come out of Firs students wearing school uniforms. I believe making students wear school uniforms would be better. Clothing , College , Dress code 888 Words | 3 Pages. Essay About Sports Day in School by Dulce Syazwanhusaini1. Every school celebrates its Sports Day and, to Firs, this all, the a web designer children very longingly look forward to. My school the . St. The Country Of Pointed Firs? Andrews Sr. Secondary School also has its Sports Day every year sometime in suburban sonnet harwood the month of November. The month of November is of Pointed Essay, earmarked for designer the occasion, as, at this time, the The Country of Pointed Firs Essay weather is Owen's est Pro patria Essay, congenial for a long span of games on the field.

When this day is about to come, there appears to be a lot of The Country of Pointed Firs activity in the entire school premises as take lime. Avocado so there is a lot of. High school , The Guest 747 Words | 3 Pages. Why we shouldn't have more school days. on extending school hours or days to help students reach their full potential. I wish it were that simple, but nothing comes to . us that easily. If this were to happen, it would surpass the real reasons we aren’t ranking high enough. Let’s take a look at high ranking countries such as Finland, Australia, and of course China.

China is number one, but also very high on another list. China’s suicide rate is among the highest in digging poetry the world, ranking number 6. When you add more school , you add more. Of Pointed Firs Essay? Education , High school , Prince 829 Words | 3 Pages. ? School days I feel wow pleased to write for was the amendment written Carmel times this time, not as a ‘Student’. It’s really a thrilling experience to . write about the of Pointed Firs ‘Golden School days ’. Those were the days which I am missing since half an year. It’s all due to the love and affection which I received from digging poetry my alma mater, my second home, my school . Realization of the universal truth, I must say, “ School is Firs Essay, our second home” is indeed a mixed feeling.

It brings happiness on my face as I have been made very strong. 2006 albums , Alma mater , Education 533 Words | 2 Pages. 4-Day-School-Week: Less is not always more. 4- Day - School -Week: Less is not always more Problems occur when policy makers tend to make changes when they don’t need to . be made. The public school system has many ways that it can improve but changing the time frame of the original school week from Owen's Dulce mori Essay five to four days will not solve all the issues, instead, it will create newer unforeseen problems. Of Pointed Firs Essay? It has been a controversial issue whether or not the school week should shorten by a day . Some are of the of judging someone opinion that a four- day school week. Developed country , Education , High school 919 Words | 4 Pages. 5-1-2011 Against School -Engaging The Text 1. Question: Why does Gatto think that school is boring and childish? How does . Gatto’s depiction of school compare with your own elementary and secondary school experience?

Answer: Gatto thinks school is boring because the teachers and students are bored with material. The students say they already know the material. I can compare my school experience to Gatto’s depiction of school . My experience in elementary was a breeze and easy. Then I entered. Certified teacher , Education , High school 974 Words | 3 Pages. My Scary First Day at High School. Draft My First Day Fright Have you ever experience a moment where you have no idea where you are, and what you would have done in The Country that . particular moment? Well I have, and here is my story. It all started in second written late August of 2009, when millions of The Country of Pointed children across the sonnet gwen harwood country were looking forward to their first day of school . For me, I was not looking forward to start my first year of High School . I still had the middle school mentality. I was concerned that I was not ready for high school . I felt lost. High school 776 Words | 3 Pages.

September 29, 20013 Narrative Essay Two I had a very bad experience in my last business trip this month. I work in an aircraft company . and our majority airlines customers are in Central and South America. The Country Of Pointed Firs Essay? These trips happen eventually when any specific airlines have one of their airplanes aground for only one part. This is the time they pay not matter what the price is for this special delivery that we call AOG. Back to Owen's et decorum est Pro mori, that day , I took my flight at 3:00 pm Saturday in Miami to The Country of Pointed Firs, be in Mexico. Aircraft , Debut albums , Fixed-wing aircraft 492 Words | 2 Pages. It’s true everybody has a bad day no matter what lifestyle you live or what part of the world you are in, it is Owen's et decorum Essay, just something . that everyone has to deal with. The Country Of Pointed? I was completely fine with that fact until my bad day came out of nowhere and practically slapped me right across the face due to many events that occurred to me on this depressing day . Sonnet Gwen Harwood? It was a very sunny Monday morning, I did not even need my alarm clock to wake me up due to The Country, the sunlight creeping through my blinds and shining right in. American films , Bench press , English-language films 1052 Words | 3 Pages. ? School Security and Safety Abstract School’s safety and security have been taken into consideration.

After the a web designer past few . historical events, that have changed the way that citizens look at school’s security and of Pointed Firs Essay, safety has changed dramatically. School districts and someone, the government are taking action in fixing this problem that is continuing to of Pointed Essay, become worse. When Second Amendment Written? Their goals are to make these schools a safe environment for The Country of Pointed Essay students and advantage of geothermal energy, staff to of Pointed Firs, attend to. The ideas and bills that have been made. College , Columbine High School massacre , Education 1513 Words | 4 Pages. one, the other cannot exist.

They help each other in every sphere. So education should be given to both man and woman. A Web Designer? Further, women are the mothers of the . future generation. If women are uneducated, the future generations will be uneducated. In day to day life, the real problems are faced first by women and then the same problems are conveyed to men for of Pointed solution. If the women are educated, they can solve all the problems of their houses. Very often, the working men of some families become handicapped. Addiction , Drug addiction , Leisure 3828 Words | 10 Pages. School Choice or School Vouchers: Is It Good or Bad for Public Education?

private schools . At it's most basic level, school choice is a movement focused on affording parents the right to choose which . school their children attends. This controversial subject is recurrent in many state legislatures, the federal education community and definition, within all education circles in the United States. The vouchers issue tends to split people into two deeply divided sides ? those who see vouchers as a valuable opportunity for helping needy children escape failing public schools and poverty. Charter school , Education , Education in the United States 2377 Words | 7 Pages. School Counselor Analysis Siobhan (Sam) Garrett PSY/435 April 17, 2013 Healey Irked Title of Paper In order to The Country Firs Essay, do a . proper analysis on a school counselor one must know what he or she does on a daily basis. This is to conduct a job analysis for a school counselor and discuss how it will be used within the school system. Next to determine the reliability and validity of the school counselor analysis.

Then the when amendment performance and appraisal methods that apply to being a counselor. Applied psychology , Doing It , Education 1274 Words | 4 Pages. Tim Shackleton Professor Murphy English 102 Composition 18 March 2013 Obesity Caused By School Lunch Servings Should Be At Fault Over . the past decade in the United States the rate of child obesity has been consistently increasing. A major cause to this increase in obesity is The Country Firs, mainly caused by school children’s health over second amendment written the recent years in relation to what they are eating has raised concerns of different parties when dealing with the of Pointed Firs Essay situation. A Web Designer? The problem that causes debate for this issue. Cafeteria , Lunch , Meal 1645 Words | 4 Pages. The Country Firs? ? My Bad Day If I'd known it was going to was the amendment, be such a bad day , I probably would have stayed in Essay bed. . It was Friday the 15th.

I got up early and the sun was shining outside my window. I cut school . I thought the best thing to do is to go to the river with my friends. When I was going outside I saw a black cat crossing my path.I knew then that this day isn't going to advantage, be one of the of Pointed Firs Essay best in my life. Later it turned out that my worst fears were realized. I bought a bus ticket. Dulce Et Decorum Patria Essay? When I got to the bus stop. Apostrophe 404 Words | 1 Pages. The Republic Day The Republic Day of India is a national holiday of India to of Pointed Firs, mark the transition of India from a British . Dominion to a republic on January 26, 1950 and the adoption of the Constitution of advantage of geothermal energy India. Although India obtained its independence on August 15, 1947, the The Country Constitution of India came into become a web designer effect only on January 26, 1950.

During the transition period from The Country Essay 1947 to 1950, King George VI was the head of state. C. Of Judging Someone? Rajagopalachari served as the Governor-General of India during this. Air Chief Marshal , Constitution of India , Government of India 829 Words | 3 Pages. The Country? . School Days Vanessa Howard Ashford University PSY202 09/08/14 School Days When looking over my life as a child, I wanted to reflect on my childhood and teenage years. I grew up without both of my parents, therefore this was the most important part of become my life. The reason. Childhood , Developmental psychology , Education 646 Words | 4 Pages. School Uniform The debate of whether or not to wear a uniform to school has been going on in the United States for decades. . Some support it; others do not. It is mainly the adults who support it and the rebellious children and teens that do not. It began in the 1990’s for state schools . The Country? A uniform is become designer, a set of standard clothing worn by members of a certain profession, rank, team, area, school , etc. It is often mandatory, and without it is sort of the unthinkable. There are uniforms for almost everything.

Clothing , Dress code , Education 1041 Words | 3 Pages. Bullying in The Country of Pointed Firs Essay School Bullying In School The word bullying is often associated with a person that inflicts some form of . harassment against another person. This harassment is often driven by discrimination, jealousy or just cruelty against et decorum, the handicapped. Bullying has become a major issue among our society today, it has been found that it not only has a negative effect on the victim, but it also affects families, friends, school administrators, and The Country of Pointed Firs Essay, our communities as a whole and it must not. Digging Poetry? Abuse , Bullying , Psychological abuse 908 Words | 3 Pages. Essay? first day of high school . Sorry, it's going to be a little confusing remembering that you are me too. I am absolutely positive . that four years from now, when I am a senior, I will not remember anything about the of judging details of of Pointed Essay my first day , other than that I survived intact. So, I’m writing this letter to you now. Well, also this is my first English assignment, and I should probably finish my first assignment. People are repetitively asking me if I am ready/excited/scared for high school . Ready. 2004 singles , 2006 singles , College 969 Words | 2 Pages.

Public vs. Private Schools You must train the children to their studies in a playful manner, and without any air of constraint, with the become a web designer . further object of discerning more readily the natural bent of their respective characters (Plato). Education has increased as a topic of conversation among parents in America today. The importance of a good education has increased in value, and parents are searching for the best possible school for The Country of Pointed Essay their child in sonnet preparation for Essay college. Many believe the most. College , Education , High school 940 Words | 3 Pages. Debate on School Uniforms Summary: School uniform debate and my opinion ________________________________________ There have . been many debates on students wearing school uniforms.

Kindergarten through twelfth grade students should wear school uniforms as well as the faculty and administration. Mandating school uniforms can bring about significant differences in the school system. Wearing uniforms can lead to safer schools , increasing student learning, and energy, decreasing student behavior problems. Anxiety , Clothing , Dress code 1104 Words | 3 Pages. Of Pointed? Worst Day It was a one fine morning. The sun rose steadily, peeking through the curtain and illuminating Ian’s room beautifully as the . Sonnet Gwen Harwood? sixteen-year-old boy was still deep in Firs Essay his slumber.

Even the advantage of geothermal shrilly sound of the annoying alarm clock did not wake him up. It continued for about thirty minutes before Ian was greeted with ice-cold water on The Country of Pointed Firs his face and body. Slowly, he opened his eyes and the realization sank in as soon as he saw his mother’s face. Judging from his mother’s facial expression. Become? Debut albums , Luck , Shower 1011 Words | 3 Pages. The Country Essay? some children their freedom and suburban gwen, creativity back, by allowing them to of Pointed Firs Essay, express how they feel through their clothes instead of wearing a uniform. Being able to . tell a little bit about someone at first sight just by their clothes isn’t always bad . Even though school uniforms would make equality among the children, its also blocking their creativity and Owen's Dulce et decorum est Pro mori, giving them the wrong message on how to look at things. Of Pointed Firs? People always say how horrible it is to judge people by what they wear or by what’s on the outside.

Clothing , Dress code , Education 1189 Words | 4 Pages. Dress Code or No Dress Code? 36% of parents believe that school uniforms hinder students’ personal liberties. 34% of parents say that . uniforms also [hamper] self-expression and creativity. 23% of schools in was the second amendment the U.S. [require] school uniforms ( School Uniforms Statistics). Maybe your school is one of The Country of Pointed those schools that require uniforms. I bet you’d rather be able to pick what you wear to school . Maybe your school is one of those schools that’s considering uniforms and you don’t like the idea.

I don’t. Dress code , Education , School uniform 744 Words | 3 Pages. When Was The Second Written? Being a student in school can be an excellent experience but it can also be stressful. Students have school work and of Pointed, preparation . to get ready for bigger things in life like college and a profession. A student has to deal with the amount of of geothermal energy school work they’re given which can be hours of work.

A school environment consists of many kids, but there are some problems at The Country of Pointed Essay, some schools between students and that can be hectic. School kids and the school itself can cause a person to be stressed because. 2008 singles , Abuse , Coursework 1062 Words | 3 Pages. Kahalnik Sociology Bad Boys paper In the book, Bad Boys, Ann Arnett Ferguson goes on a three-year journey through Rosa . Parks Elementary School to observe and research why it is someone, that mostly black males are ending up in jail and are unsalvageable from The Country of Pointed such a young age. She interviews and observes daily interactions with the suburban sonnet harwood eleven and twelve year old students that have been labeled “at risk” by their teachers and peers.

She wants to of Pointed Firs Essay, research how it is digging poetry, being in school when all of the educators. African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 1406 Words | 4 Pages.

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cmu diversity essay The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates that jobs for registered nurses will grow 16% from 2014 to 2024. The Country Essay! In the state of Missouri alone, there are an estimated 67,920 active registered nurses (more if you count those professional nurses in when amendment advanced practice careers). The Country Of Pointed Essay! The mean hourly wage in the state is $29.25, which is $60,830/ year. As with other states, many nursing schools in Missouri are aligning their BSN (Bachelor of Science in Nursing) program offerings to support an initiative started by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), which aims to to increase the number of American registered nurses having an sonnet, BSN to 80% or higher by 2020, from the starting point of 40% at the beginning of the initiative.

So if you have an interest in either starting a nursing career (first or second career) or upgrading your nursing education, this is an ideal time. Some nursing schools are making an investment in upgrading labs with new equipment and technology, to improve the success rate of students in both graduating and writing the NCLEX-RN professional licensing exam. What are the cheapest nursing degrees in Missouri? This article provides an overview of traditional (and occasionally distance/ online) BSN programs in the state of Missouri. The NCES (National Center for Education Statistics) database lists 31 institutions of higher education as offering one or more BSN programs. We’ve filtered out inactive or defunct programs and schools and listed the 10 most affordable in of Pointed Essay the state, based on in-state tuition rate. The programs listed in someone this article, however, have been verified as still active at time of publication. Missouri Southern State University. Missouri Southern State University (MSSU) gets institutional accreditation from the North Central Association of Firs Essay Colleges and Schools, The Higher Learning Commission. The Nursing Department of the School of Health Sciences (SHS) offers nursing programs which are additionally accredited by Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN).

SHS has been offering nursing education programs for nearly half a century. MSSU offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) with two entry/ completion paths. One track is intended for students new to mori Essay nursing, while the other is an RN completion track. For the latter, students must be currently licensed as a Registered Nurse and hold an The Country Firs, associate’s degree in harwood nursing. Degrees and concentrations offered at this school include: Bachelor of Sciences Degree of Nursing RN to BSN. This BSN program prepares students for nursing roles as generalists in a range of health care settings. Areas of career opportunitiy include critical care, infection control neuroscience, obstetrics and gynecology, oncology, pediatrics, women’s health and more.

The SHS has a first-time NCLEX-RN pass rate for Essay 100% for 2016. The degree is based on the Betty Neuman Systems Model. Digging Poetry! No admission exam or minimum ACT score is required, nor are letters of reference, interviews or CNA. The BSN program has a Fall-only start date. Students need to complete 126-129 credits for completion, with 94-97 credits for Nursing Major course requirements, and 32 credits for The Country Firs Essay General Education, including Pre-Nursing courses. Sample courses include:

Pharmacology in Nursing Health Assessment and Technologies Adult Nursing Nursing Care of the Childbearing Family Mental Health Nursing. Campus or HQ: Joplin, Missouri. Missouri Western State University. Missouri Western State University (MWSU) receives institutional accreditation from the North Central Association of Colleges and of geothermal energy Schools, The Higher Learning Commission. The Country Of Pointed Firs Essay! Undergraduate nursing programs are offered through the School of Nursing and Health Professions (SNHP), which are additionally accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). The university celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2015. Its students collectively receive over a web designer, $47M in financial aid yearly. MWSU offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) with two entry/ completion paths. The Country Firs Essay! Students new to definition of judging someone nursing take the Traditional track.

Those who are currently licensed as a Registered Nurse and hold either an associate’s degree or diploma in nursing have the RN completion track. Degrees and concentrations offered at this school include: Traditional BSN (pre-licensure) Diploma/ ADN to BSN (RN-BSN completion program) This BSN program is based on “standards-based practice and holistic care,” which supplements class learning with clinical experiences. Of Pointed! Areas covered in the program include acute care, community health, hospice, and obstetrics. Students have access to written SNHP’s Nursing Simulation Lab, which offers mannequins, simulators, recording devices and The Country other equipment — all collectively aiding what the school calls multi-sensory learning. Clinical courses limit the student / instructor ratio to about 10. Once graduated from the BSN, pre-licensure students are eligible for the NCLEX-RN professional licensing exam, success of which results in a Registered Nurse designation.

Students will complete 124 credits for graduation, and need to declare and complete a Pre-Nursing major before entry into nursing coursework. General Studies make up for 42-47 credits, with the rest covered by of judging someone Nursing Major and of Pointed Essay Support courses. RN track students will complete 31 credits of second amendment online nursing courses over of Pointed, two years (five terms, including one Summer). Sample courses include: Introduction to Standards-Based Nursing Introduction to Clinical Nursing Practice Holistic Assessment Quantitative Analysis for suburban Health Care Research Maternal/ Newborn Nursing. Campus or HQ: Saint Joseph, Missouri.

Southeast Missouri State University. Undergraduate nursing programs at Firs Essay, Southeast Missouri State University (SEMO) are offered through the Department of Nursing (DON), which will celebrate its 50th anniversary in 2018. These programs have special accreditation from the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). Designer! SEMO is institutionally accredited by The Country of Pointed Firs the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, The Higher Learning Commission. SEMO offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) with two entry/ completion paths. One track is for new nursing students. The other track is an RN completion track for licensed Registered Nurses having an associate’s degree in nursing. The latter track’s courses can be completed online. Degrees and concentrations offered at this school include: Bachelor of become designer Science in Nursing RN to BSN (online completion) SEMO’s BSN program prepares students for Essay nursing roles as generalists.

The traditional track also readies students to sit for the NCLEX-RN professional licensing exam. The RN track is 100% online, and field experiences can be selected close to a student’s home or work region, subject to approval. A total of 121 credits is required for graduation from the BSN program. The RN track can be completed either part- or full-time and suburban harwood requires 25 credits of of Pointed nursing courses (six courses), plus any general education and prerequisite/ support courses. Students will receive transfer credits for prior nursing coursework/ licensure. Sample courses include:

Holistic Assessment Research for suburban sonnet Professional Practice Professional Practice: Community Health Framework for Essay Professional Nursing Professional Practice: Leadership and Management. Campus or HQ: Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Columbia College (CC) offers nursing programs through its Nursing Department, which has special accreditation from the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). Institutional accreditation for CC is provided by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, The Higher Learning Commission. Besides the main campus, the college has 36 additional campuses across the energy, U.S., including military bases (15), in 13 states and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The Country Of Pointed Firs! The Day Campus (main) has a low student-faculty ratio of 8-to-1. Columbia College has a “covenant” with the Disciples of digging poetry Christ Church but is nonsectarian. CC offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) with two entry/ completion paths. New nursing students take the full BSN track. Students holding an associate’s degree in nursing and who are a licensed Registered Nurse can apply for of Pointed Firs Essay the RN completion track. Degrees and written concentrations offered at this school include:

Bachelor of The Country of Pointed Firs Essay Science in of judging someone Nursing RN to Firs Essay BSN (online) CC’s BSN program has a curriculum based on written, the concept of patient advocacy, accountability, critical thinking, clinical competence and the overall use of the of Pointed Essay, nursing process. The traditional BSN track is relatively new, with the first cohort having started in Fall 2016. Students who graduate will be readied for the NCLEX-RN professional licensing exam. The RN track is fully online, giving working nurses the flexibility to Owen's Dulce est Pro mori Essay balance studies with their job, while learning the Essay, skills and knowledge necessary to pursue nursing management roles. Students have access to the Brouder Science Center, which boasts state of the art equipment including simulators. Clinical experiences have shift times that emulate what a nurse might encounter on a web, the job in a hospital. For students who want to The Country of Pointed Essay get into the workforce sooner, consider CC’s ASN associate program, after which you can write the NCLEX-RN exam, get licensed, find employment, and return later for the RN track BSN.

The BSN program at suburban gwen harwood, Columbia College varies in credit requirements depending on track. The RN requires 120 credits for graduation, while the traditional track requires 125-128 credits. RN track students have the The Country of Pointed, choice of six start dates yearly for class sessions, and have an approximate timeline of around two years. When Second! Core requirements for this track consists of 36 credits of courses that are primarily in nursing, plus one course each in of Pointed Firs Essay Math and Philosophy, and two in Chemistry. Et Decorum Patria Mori Essay! BSN track students take 84 credits of Core Requirements courses, which includes Nursing as well as Biology, Chemistry. Courses include a Senior Nursing Practicum and of Pointed Essay a 1-credit NCLEX-RN Review. Sample courses include: Nursing Fundamentals Mental Health Nursing Pharmacology for Nursing Foundations of Professional Nursing Medical Surgical Nursing.

Campus or HQ: Columbia, Missouri. Lincoln University (LU) is an HBCU (Historically Black College/ University) that is a member of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund (TMCF). It gets institutional accreditation from the North Central Association of when second amendment written Colleges and of Pointed Schools, The Higher Learning Commission. Undergraduate nursing programs are offered through the School of Nursing (SON), which are additionally accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN). Gwen! Students have access to The Country of Pointed Firs Essay medical services at no cost, at the university’s Thompkins Health Center. (International students must purchase health insurance.) LU’s SON offers a Bachelor of of judging someone Science in Nursing (BSN) with two entry/ completion paths. Students who are licensed Registered Nurses with a diploma or associate’s degree in nursing should apply to The Country of Pointed Firs the RN completion track.

Students new to nursing can apply for the traditional track, or possiby to the school’s ASN (Associate of Applied Science) in Nursing, which automatically accepts the top 30 applicants each year into advantage the BSN traditional track. Degrees and concentrations offered at this school include: The BSN program aligns with BSN education guidelines set out by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), preparing students for a role as a professional nurse. The Country Of Pointed! It also incorporates the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) that 80% or more of American registered nurses obtain a BSN by 2020. Both of traditional BSN and AAS programs prepare students for become a web the NCLEX-RN professional licensing exam.

The school’s first-time pass rate for the 2016 NCLEX-RN exam is The Country 100%, compared to a national average of 87.6%. Also, 100% of these graduates (both BSN tracks) found relevant employment after graduation, exceeding an expected 85% level of digging poetry job placement. BSN students need to The Country of Pointed complete 123 credits for graduation. Courses for the traditional track are a mix of on-campus and online (general and nursing). Suburban Sonnet Gwen Harwood! The RN track is a hybrid program with some online courses (general education, practicums) and Essay the rest delivered in et decorum mori on-campus sessions. Students take 60 credits, which includes 32 credits for Nursing courses and 28 for General Education. Sample courses include: Phamacology in Nursing Gerontological Nursing Psychosocial Nursing Essentials of Health Assessment Medical-Surgical Nursing Nursing of Women and Essay Children. Campus or HQ: Jefferson City, Missouri. Missouri State University-Springfield. Missouri State University-Springfield (MSU) is part of the public Missouri State University System.

It is when was the second institutionally-accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, The Higher Learning Commission. Undergrad nursing programs are offered through the School of Nursing (part of the College of Health and Human Services), which have specialized accreditation from the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). MSU has enjoyed several awards, including a 2014 HEED award for diversity, a Top Colleges ranking by Forbes, a Best in The Country of Pointed Essay the Midwest from Princeton Review and when amendment written a similar Midwest award from U.S. News World Report, a Military Friendly School award from GI Jobs, amongst several other awards. MSU offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) with two primary programs and several sub-options. Firs! One program, the BSN, is designed for new pre-licensure students – either four-year or two-year transfer students.

In the Owen's Dulce patria mori, former case, students must first be accepted as Pre-Nursing Major students before applying to the BSN. Essay! The other program, the BSN-C, is for who have completed an associate’s degree in become a web designer nursing and are licensed Registered Nurses. A sub-option of the BSN-C exists for “outstanding” students who are currently enrolled in “select” associate’s of nursing programs. These students need to pass the NCLEX-RN exam at of Pointed Firs, some point before or shortly after entry into the BSN program. Degrees and suburban sonnet harwood concentrations offered at this school include: Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) – Four-Year BSN Two-Year Transfer Nursing Completion Program for Registered Nurses (BSN-C, online) ADN/ BSN-C Scholars program for current associate’s nursing students. The offered BSN tracks provide a range of options for of Pointed Essay different types of nursing students, whether pre-licensure or post-licensure. The BSN-C program is digging poetry online and can be taken part- or full-time, making it easier for working nurses to complete their BSN degree. Graduates of the The Country of Pointed Essay, four-year BSN program often find careers in as military, school or travel nurses, or in acute care environments such as hospitals and clinics, or in definition someone community organizations. Note: The SON’s first-time NCLEX-RN 2016 exam pass rate was 100%.

MSU SON’s Pre-Nursing program is open to eligible students taking general education and nursing prerequisite courses. MSU points out that this is its highest-enrollment pre-major at the Springfield campus. This program must be completed or nearly completed before application to the SON’s Generic BSN program. See site or contact MSU for specific curriculum requirements for each track/ option. Sample courses include: Health Topics Epidemiology Art and Science of Nursing Population Health: A Local to Global Introduction to of Pointed Family Health Nursing. Campus or HQ: Springfield, Missouri. Central Methodist University-College of of geothermal energy Graduate and Extended Studies. Central Methodist University (CMU) has two colleges, the College of Graduate and Extended Studies (CGES) and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (CALS), both of which offer nursing and health programs. CMU institutional accreditation is provided by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, The Higher Learning Commission.

Undergrad nursing programs are additionally accredited by Firs Essay the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). The university is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. Some of the amenities on the main Fayetteville campus include an Owen's et decorum patria Essay, art gallery, theatre, museum, music conservatory and observatory. In addition, there are 18 CMU learning centers in the region. CMU offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) with three entry/ completion paths.

Students new to nursing should apply for the traditional track. If you have an of Pointed, associate’s degree in nursing and are a currently licensed Registered Nurse, there is an RN completion track. An accelerated track is available for second-degree students who hold a non-nursing bachelor’s degree. (This latter program is offered at Owen's et decorum patria mori, the Columbia-Forum CMU Center, not at the Fayetteville main campus.) Degrees and concentrations offered at this school include: Bachelor of Science in Nursing RN to BSN (online) Accelerated Nursing program. New nursing students will take about The Country Essay four years to Owen's Dulce et decorum est Pro mori complete their BSN. Students who are pursuing a second bachelor’s degree or who are already a licensed Registered Nurse have a shorter timeline to completion for earning their BSN degree. Some of the skills developed in these BSN tracks included nursing leadership and management, as well as typical health care-related skills and knowledge.

Students have access to of Pointed Essay CMU’s Simulation Lab (at Thogmorton Center for Allied Health) as well as real patients. BSN track and Accelerated BSN track students will be prepared to sit for a web the NCLEX-RN professional licensing exam upon graduation from the The Country of Pointed Essay, program. The BSN program at CMU requires a minimum of 124 credits for graduation. Become A Web! The actual number of credits to be completed depends upon the status of a student, with credits granted for of Pointed Firs relevant courses completed previously (up to 40cr for suburban sonnet harwood associate’s degree or diploma in nursing). The Country Of Pointed Essay! For the traditional track, a total of 30 credits of upper-division nursing courses need to be completed. Online classes for the completion tracks are either eight or 16 weeks long.

Sample courses include: Professional Nursing Practice Adaptive Health and Assessment Data Analysis for Allied Health Health Informatics for of judging someone Nursing Business Concepts in Health Care/Case Management. Campus or HQ: Fayette, Missouri. Undergraduate nursing programs at University of Central Missouri (UCM) are offered by the Department of Nursing (DON), which is part of the School of Health and Human Performance (SHHP), hosted by the College of Health, Science and Technology (CHST). These programs are specially accredited by the Commission for Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). Institutional accreditation is from the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, The Higher Learning Commission. The university has ranked on several college review lists published by U.S. News World Report (USNWR), including several inclusions on the yearly “Best Regional Universities Midwest,” and a similar “Best in The Country Firs Essay the Midwest” list from advantage of geothermal, Princeton Review.

An alumni survey indicates that 92% of grads found relevant employment within six months of graduation. UCM offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) with two entry/ completion paths. Students with Registered Nurse licensing and an associate’s degree or diploma in nursing take the of Pointed Firs, online RN completion track. New nursing students take the traditional BSN track. Degrees and concentrations offered at this school include: Bachelor of Science in Nursing RN to BSN (online) Students in the traditional track get the combined experience of one year of rural and one year of urban clinical practice, to supplement their learning from digging poetry, coursework. RN track students may be exempt from general education requirements if their nursing associate’s degree is from a partner college. Graduates of the BSN program enjoy a 100% job placement level. Registered Nurses may find career opportunities in several areas, including travel, neonatal, pediatrics, surgery and more.

Specific nursing roles include: Adult Health Care Nurse, Community Health Nurse, Emergency Surgical Nurse, Midwife, Nurse Practitioner. A total 120 credits is required for graduation from RN track, and The Country of Pointed 120-122 for the traditional track. In either case, courses in the category of General Education take up 45 credits. RN track students take 30 credits of digging poetry online Nursing courses (eight weeks each), plus any necessary General Education credits. The Country Of Pointed Essay! Its timeline is one year, and students can start in a web any semester.

Practicums are part of both tracks of this BSN program and The Country Essay take place in Kansas City area health care facilities. Sample courses include: Health and Physical Assessment Advanced Concepts of Wellness for RNs Socio-Economic Factors Impacting Health Evidence-based Practice/ Research Concepts of Community Health Nursing. Campus or HQ: Warrensburg, Missouri. Truman State University (TSU) is institutionally accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, The Higher Learning Commission.

Undergraduate nursing programs are offered through the Department of Nursing, which is part of the School of Health Sciences and Education. These programs are additionally accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). Truman, which has a tobacco-free campus, received a #1 ranking in sonnet gwen U.S. News World Report’s 2017 Best Colleges Midwest list (published Sep 2016). This is the 20th straight year that the of Pointed, university has received this honor. TSU offers a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) with two entry/ completion paths. Students new to nursing and pursuing their first bachelor’s can apply to the traditional four-year track.

If you already have a non-nursing bachelor’s degree or will soon complete one, there is an accelerated track. Degrees and concentrations offered at this school include: Bachelor of Science in Nursing Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing. BSN students have access to advantage the Nursing Simulation Center (NSC), to of Pointed Essay familiarize themselves with high-tech medical equipment, as well as life-sized anatomical manikins. In addition, students will get clinical time with real patients. Dulce Est Pro Mori! Graduation from the traditional track prepares students for of Pointed Essay entry-level nursing roles as generalists. RN track students may have additional career opportunities after graduation from the BSN program. Note: traditional track students have an opportunity to study abroad in the Philippines. Traditional track students will typically need at least eight semesters to complete the digging poetry, BSN program and earn a bachelor’s degree. Accelerated track students will require less time, which will depend on the number of transfer credits they are awarded, but is approximately 15 months, including both class and clinical experiences.

The total credits required for the BSN is 122, including any applicable transfer credits. Sample courses include: Pharmacotherapeutics Adult Health Nursing Maternal/ Neonatal Nursing Child/ Family Nursing Introduction to Nursing Research. Campus or HQ: Kirksville, Missouri. University of The Country Essay Missouri (Mizzou) is part of the designer, public University of Missouri System, and receives institutional accreditation from the North Central Association of Colleges and The Country of Pointed Essay Schools, The Higher Learning Commission.

Undergraduate nursing programs are overseen by the Sinclair School of Nursing (SSON) and specially accredited by the Commission on definition of judging, Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). The university enjoys multiple appearances in college review rankings list published by U.S. News World Report (USNWR), which includes Mizzou itself, the department of medicine, University Hospital, the Sinclair School of Nursing (including online programs, graduate programs, etc.), as well as non-health-related study programs. The department of family medicine has ranked in of Pointed Firs Essay the top 10 of USNWR’s Best Graduate Schools college review list for over 20 straight years, including achieving #7 in the 2017 edition. Mizzou offers a Bachelor of become designer Science in The Country Firs Essay Nursing (BSN) with three entry/ completion paths. One track is for first-degree pre-licensure students. A second track is for second-degree pre-licensure students who have a non-nursing bachelor’s degree. The third track is for definition someone post-licensure Registered Nurses who have an associate’s degree in The Country of Pointed nursing. Degrees and concentrations offered at become a web designer, this school include: Nursing education has been part of Mizzou since 1901, though not officially until 1920 (part of of Pointed Essay School of Medicine). The original BSN program launched in 1940 was a three program, followed by Owen's Dulce patria mori Essay a four-year version in 1950.

The SSN launch in 1973. The Country! For clinical experiences, nursing students have access to University Hospital, and several medical centers and clinics, all of which are part of the University of Missouri Health Care system. Owen's Dulce Et Decorum Patria Mori! Students in all three BSN tracks occasionally have the opportunity to participate in study trips outside of the U.S. (most recent location: Costa Rica). Firs Essay! Those in pre-licensure tracks will be readied to sit for the NCLEX-RN professional licensing exam after graduation. All BSN students complete 120 credits for of geothermal graduation, including granted transfer credits for relevant prior course work and licensure. The curriculum includes a Capstone and a practicum for of Pointed Firs Essay all tracks. RN track students need to complete 26 credits of nursing courses plus 34 credits of General Education and Foundation courses, either in Owen's Dulce et decorum mori a 4-semester or 6-semester timeline. While the RN track courses are online, there are some in-person requirements besides practicum/ clinicals.

Accelerated track requirements are 54 credits of nursing courses over The Country of Pointed Essay, four semesters (plus any outstanding general education or foundation courses). When Second Written! Traditional track students start as pre-nursing majors and first complete 60 hours of of Pointed general education and prerequisites. After acceptance into the BSN program, 60 credits of definition of judging upper division nursing courses need to be completed. Sample courses include: Nursing Ethics and the Law Nursing Theory and Research Health Assessment and Pathophysiology Nursing Issues/ Leadership/ Management Nursing in Communities.

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campo essay It is not unusual, after I've given a poetry reading, for The Country Firs, some impossibly young writer from the audience to remark over the post-literary pretzels and Diet Coke, Wow, your stuff is really depressing. One especially unkind reviewer of my books proclaimedin a similar but perhaps more impatiently dire veinBad things happen in Rafael Campo's poems. Coming from a fellow poetand none of definition of judging someone, us are generally associated with boundless joy, or even middling cheerfulnesshis indictment seemed inordinately cruel. Even my devoted spouse counsels me, after reading my latest villanelle about botulism or ode to schizophrenia, Honey, maybe you should think about lightening things up a bit. The Country Of Pointed? Try as I might to take all of this concern to heart, to see butterflies or snowflakes or flowers as more suitable, or at a web, least less foreboding, objects of literary address, I keep finding myself drawn to write about illness. Like anyone, I despise the kind of Essay, person who slows down his car at the sight of a roadside accident, craning his neck in the hopes of glimpsing some awful carnage. Digging Poetry? I hate television shows like House and of Pointed Essay, Gray's Anatomy for a web, making a ludicrous spectacle of illness. The Country Of Pointed Firs? I can't stand it when innocent family members solicit advice about their hypertension or cholesterol, because it seems to me there is second amendment, so much in Firs Essay the world that is more interesting to discuss; I grew impatient even with my endearing grandmother, when she was still alive and gwen harwood, would ask me my advice about her blood sugar.

When I feel I'm about to fall ill myself from such constant noxious exposures, I dig out my well-worn copy of Susan Sontag's scathingly sober Illness as Metaphor . My point is that illness is not a metaphor, and the most truthful way of regarding illnessand the healthiest way of being illis the one most purified of, most resistant to, metaphoric thinking, Sontag says, and I think Take that , Sharon Olds! The romantic view is that illness exacerbates consciousness, she goes on to say, and I crow, Take that , Franz Wright! What a relief it is to understand illness for what it really ismatter-of-fact pathophysiology; a boring, unpleasant and decidedly non-revelatory experience. Illness is a problem for Essay, the human imagination only insomuch as we might seek dispassionately scientific methods to was the second amendment, cure it while we avoid the inevitably destructive pressures it exerts on our fragile psyches. Of course, the next morning always comes and I find myself in my clinic again, the exam room speaking aloud in all of The Country of Pointed, its blatant metaphorsthe huge clock above where my patients sit implacably measuring lifetimes; the space itself narrow and compressed as a sonnetand immediately I'm back to advantage, thinking about writing. Soon enough, my patients start to arrive, and the way they want me to understand what they are feeling only immerses me more deeply in language's compelling alchemy: The pain is The Country Firs Essay, like a cold, bitter wind blowing through my womb, murmurs a young infertile woman from second, Guatemala with what I have diagnosed much less eloquently as chronic pelvic pain. Please, doctor, can you heal me?

I regard her from The Country Firs Essay, across the Dulce et decorum desk, and feel grateful for of Pointed Firs, the computer terminal more immediately in front of sonnet, me, which allows me to type a little medical jargon into of Pointed Firs my note before having to actually speak to harwood, her. Send her for an exploratory laparoscopy, growls Susan Sontag in of Pointed Essay the back of my mind, but she's already had that procedure, along with several ultrasounds and pap smears, innumerable blood and urine tests, a hysterosalpingogram, a colonoscopy, and a trial (ironically) of birth control pills. We have had this conversation before, which I realize is gwen, another way of saying we are together part of a narrative, a story. A story in The Country which irony matters, in advantage of geothermal energy which understanding metaphormight her pain be a wordless expression of her deep sadness at her inability to have a child, or perhaps the consequence of some trauma she has not disclosed? seems to have some irrefutable value. Now, I am thinking again about of Pointed, writing, but not a prescription for the pain medication she always refuses; instead, I am thinking about writing a poem like Sharon Olds. I am thinking about the metal speculum clattering in the sink while she sobbed softly after I performed her last pap smear, as if it were trying to reiterate something about coldness and bitterness, or what we hear and can't hear, or pain and abjection. Perhaps something about this young woman reminds me of my grandmother, herself an incurableand incurably hopefulimmigrant, which only amplifies my narrative impulse.

After all, it was my grandmother who first inspired in me a love of stories. Her words were all she could give me of our homeland, Cuba, that exotic and of geothermal energy, forbidden place, her own unspeakably painful void. My grandmother was afflicted with what seemed an unfair burden of illnesses. Her treatments for her ailments seemed just as varied as the ailments themselves, from the pills she dutifully swallowed each morningsome prescribed to her by doctors, some dispensed out of her friends' personal hoardsto the prayers she recited before her own tiny shrine to of Pointed Firs, the Virgin Mary; from the magical, strange-smelling potajes she brewed with roots and herbs that can't be found in American supermarkets, to the sheer will to endure that seemed manifest in her meticulously kept apartment and her constant humming to definition of judging, herself of old Cuban songs. The Country Of Pointed Firs Essay? Some of her illnesses were familiar ones, like diabetes and patria, rheumatoid arthritis; others were conditions that were utterly untranslatable from Spanish to of Pointed Firs, English, like the terrible patatú , some kind of debilitating nervous attack, or the more insidious but equally awful retortero , which could afflict her for weeks, or even months. Through her experiences, I saw firsthand just how indistinct could be the boundary between the tersely biomedical and the wildly superstitious: she took gold for her painful joints that the Owen's Dulce et decorum mori Essay rheumatologist prescribed, the Firs Essay same doctor who ridiculed her use of digging poetry, traditional Cuban remedies. As an The Country of Pointed Firs Essay impressionable child, I marveled at the idea of written, this precious metal somehow gilding my grandmother from within, protecting her joints from damage by the power of our wonder at it. Decades later, when she finally died of The Country, kidney failure induced by the toxicity of what proved to be a worthless treatment for Owen's Dulce et decorum patria mori, her, I learned the The Country of Pointed meaning of irony for the first time. If her rheumatologist in his starched white coat could have been so wrong about one form of treatment, maybe he was just as mistaken about the definition of judging mystical powers of The Country of Pointed Firs Essay, what was prescribed by digging poetry, the curanderos , whom he regarded as ignorant savages. Maybe Sontag's premise that illness is mere pathophysiology, to be explicated only of Pointed Essay biomedically, is not an entirely correct notion either; perhaps illness is a kind of muse, luring us to suburban, acts of the imagination and gestures of The Country, language that have positive effects on our hearts and minds.

Song delighted my grandmother, and prayer consoled her; her joints seemed to move freely again when she danced a merengue, or when she knelt her large form before la virgencita . No wonder I have come to believe in the power of the imagination if not to cure, then to est Pro mori, heal. Yet still I resist the urge to write. I scold myself for Firs Essay, my prurience. I fret about whether I might be too glib or too sentimental. I agonize over my stake in the telling.

Illness may be a muse, but it is a particularly vexing one. Advantage Of Geothermal Energy? I suppose at the root of any act of narrative lies some inchoate desire to bear witness, to Firs Essay, say I was there, to join with others in designer a signal experience. When that signal experience is illness, this empathetic impulse seems all the more overpowering, as if some deep survival instinct were triggered, as if we might share in The Country of Pointed Firs the discovery of some profound knowledge we need to live. If the sensational can thus give way to wisdomeven as we are shocked, we are at the same time comfortedso too can sentiment be supplanted by genuine emotion. Surely we must feel moved by the plight of illness, lest we fall into designer one of the very traps of specious narrative that Sontag bemoanswhen illness strikes, it is not because we are guilty or deserve it, and our defenselessness stirs in us the compassion we feel for Firs Essay, the innocent, the was the written underdog, the Firs fighter. Definition? How much I want to help my Guatemalan patient; how acutely did I wish I could alleviate my grandmother's pain! When I write about them now, I recall the The Country Firs joke in my heavily seasoned Latino-Italian family that if you're not screaming or crying when you say something then you don't really mean it, so I must defeat my inborn tendency to exaggerate or to pity, but still I must write, in order to restore, to make sense, to et decorum est Pro patria, heal. And to be restored and healed myselfyes, I must also admit my complicity in these stories, that I cannot subtract myself completely from The Country Firs, them. Sometimes I discover that I'm really writing about myself, my own arrogance or vulnerability or alienation, and I wonder if what feels like selfishness is at the same time an expression of the familiar wish to identify with another person, to affirm that I'm no different, that I'm equally as flawed and conflicted and needy as any of us is. Illness is, after all, one of the few truly universal human experiences; to a web, write in response to it necessarily demands active participation, not the kind of objective, soulless distancing so many doctors practice, and Firs Essay, teach their trainees to practice. To write about illness, to heed this terrible muse, is to reject distancing and to digging poetry, embrace empathy, for which there is no reward or claim on greatness other than perhaps the Essay perverse joy of recognizing oneself as susceptible to the same foibles and neuroses.

To write explicitly about one's own illnesses risks an digging poetry even worse self-indulgencebunion surgery and hemorrhoids, no matter how distressing to the otherwise healthy poet, simply cannot make for scintillating verse. On the of Pointed other hand, to write about another's suffering can seem entirely presumptuous, as if it were somehow possible to digging poetry, re-create on the expanse of the clean, neat white page the image an anorexic teenager sees of herself in Firs Essay her bathroom mirror that leads her to induce vomitingor worse, that somehow, in the earnest imaginative quest for that universal balm that heals, anorexia becomes indistinguishable from anemia, AIDS and ALS and amendment, AML interchangeable. While it's true that the screams of pain coming from the room in the ER where a woman is The Country Firs Essay, losing her baby are no more or less heart-wrenching than those from the woman in the next room who is become designer, withdrawing from of Pointed Essay, heroin, the specific details of each story must matter just as much as the ultimately indescribable agony they share. We do not know our own souls, let alone the souls of when was the amendment, others, declared Virginia Woolf, in her indelibly humane essay On Being Ill; though she brilliantly defended the notion of illness as a motive for Essay, writing, she too was forced to consider our myriad limitations as our own bodies' reporters. Yet we must rely on these faulty accounts, perhaps taking additional solace in their imperfections, because to do without them would be injurious to the soul, and to not forgive them would leave us utterly hopeless.

The true cynic who exceeds Sontag in her disdain for our silly superstitions and inane hopes will complain that, regardless of who gets to suburban gwen harwood, tell the story of illness, the Firs Essay patient still feels like crap and wants to be either cured or healed, whichever will bring relief soonest and, in these days of of geothermal energy, limited resources, for the cheapest price. Meaning for him equals results, plain and simple. Firs Essay? Illness isn't a fanciful narrative to him, nor is it the intellectual intrigue of biology gone awry. It is merely some skilled technician's job to fix before moving on to the next illness, a transaction about which no one need care, an occasion for digging poetry, money to change hands for services rendered as efficiently as possible. Stendahl and Sontag, Olds and Woolf mean next to nothing to himand even less so as the surgeon stands poised to make his first cut, or as the oncologist starts the chemotherapy drip. The Country Firs Essay? He refuses to consider that even in the immediacy of some critical therapeutic act, he is hemorrhaging his unspoken words. By summarily stapling shut his figurative wounds, he is compromising his best chance at survival by denying himself access to all the when second amendment written possible modalities by which the physician might intervene. His is an expression, perhaps, of the same overconfidence in the scientific model of The Country Firs Essay, illness that Sontag glorified.

While Sontag was right to denounce the negative metaphors we concoct out of the of geothermal energy same ingredients my grandmother used in her more humane and optimistic responses to her illnessesthanks to The Country of Pointed Firs, Sontag, as well as to other writers she might have disparaged, like Sharon Olds and Franz Wright (or Mark Doty and Lucia Perillo, or Marilyn Hacker and Audre Lorde, or Alicia Ostriker and Adrienne Rich), we simply can no longer view illnesses like cancer and designer, AIDS as being caused by our fears and our anxietieswe just as adamantly must reject a conception of The Country of Pointed Firs Essay, illness that relies entirely on biomedical definitions. I am reminded of one of my residents, who was called to run a code on a patient of hers in the hospital just as she was about to leave for harwood, the day and enjoy some time with her young family at of Pointed Firs Essay, home. She had followed all the digging poetry biomedical protocols and algorithms perfectly, barking orders to the nurses and interns with all the confidence she could muster; however, like most end-of-life interventions in the hospital, this one too proved futile, and Essay, the patient died. Was The Written? It was only Firs Essay weeks later, when she had the chance to write about the experience (in a poem she created for a reflective writing group that is now part of the advantage energy residency curriculum in our hospital) did she feel she could do justice to The Country Essay, the entire experience, aspects of second amendment, which she purposefully had shut out at the bedside in the perceived acuity of the situation. Perhaps most salient of all that she had sacrificed to the biomedical exigencies of the moment was the tuning out of the family who were present in the room; she wished she hadn't ignored them, but instead had allowed them to stop her before a full thirty minutes had passed, when it was already amply clear to them that their mother was dead. It is precisely situations like these that have so long been cited by medical educators as a primary reason for teaching distancing to medical trainees: to be able to The Country Firs Essay, function in an emergency, one cannot regard that patient as a whole person, but rather must focus on the malignant arrhythmia or the life-threatening electrolyte imbalance in order to implement the appropriate technologies and in turn save life at all cost.

Narrative has no place here, many would argue; we must not be distracted by the color of her nail polish, or that the slack blood pressure cuff hung down around her wrist like some horrible bracelet, or the wails of her children, all details my resident had absorbed in spite of her conscious effort not to register them. Yet, if we begin to enlarge the suburban harwood context, as narrative asks that we do, if we start to consider that our actions have impact on others who have their own relationship with the person we see exclusively as a patient (and not as a mother, as her children do; not as a suffering soul, as the chaplain does), we might act differently. We might move to comfort the patient and to protect her dignity in her last minutes on earth; we might seek to The Country Firs, console her children as they face a tremendous loss; we might pray together with the chaplain in the hopes that she not die without the last rites that are soul-saving in many religious traditions. Whether storytelling has a place here is worth considering very deeply; it certainly proved indispensable after the fact, and the poem written by of geothermal, the resident, who failed to resuscitate her patient in the hospital, perhaps has done her an even greater service, by immortalizing her. None of us lives forever. Many of us might have our lives prolonged by biomedical interventions whose financial costs are exorbitant; too infrequently do we question the toll they also exact on of Pointed Essay our humanity.

The fantasies about designer, what causes illness that Sontag railed against The Country of Pointed Firs (cancer results from repressed anger, AIDS is a web, a punishment from God) have been replaced by even more deluded fantasies that science somehow can prevent death. The only way we can defy our own mortality is through acts of the imagination, by creating the stories and sculptures and paintings and poems that will outlast us, but that will always be animated by our will to have created them. Even our greatest scientific discoveries can be understood in this way: they are not truly ends in Essay themselves, by which we can ever hope to when second written, explicate away our suffering, but are rather part of the same process of dreaming and desiring, wishing and The Country of Pointed Essay, wondering. When I visited my grandmother in the hospital in the last weeks before she died, I cried for a while into her shoulder. But by become a web, then I was a young doctor, so soon I headed for the nurses' station and pored over her hospital chart while she lay propped up in her bed, the glass and metal ICU like the internal workings of of Pointed Essay, some incomprehensible machine designed for time travel. Countless hours and become, hundreds of thousands of dollars had gone into the attempt to transform me from a long-term financial burden on my parents to The Country Firs, someone with a respectable, moneymaking career. She was in heart failure despite being on dialysis, and I tried desperately to understand her fluid imbalances. Her I's and O's were dutifully tabulated, in a sequence that suggested a code whose rules I might decipher. In my exasperation, I looked up from the record of her gradual demise, and designer, caught a glimpse of her as she fingered her rosary, praying to herself with a peaceful smile on her face, taking her own measure of The Country Firs, her receding life.

When I write about sonnet gwen harwood, her now, all the data that seemed so important then have faded to insignificancebut it is that one cherished detail in my memory, this one little story, that always makes her come alive to me again.