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business plan va Developing A Business Plan. Financial Proposal Template? The importance of planning should never be overlooked. For a business to tuning shops be successful and financial, profitable, the owners and the managing directors must have a clear understanding of the automotive shops firm's customers, strengths and competition. They must also have the foresight to template plan for future expansion. Whether yours is a new business or an Essay of Okhotsk existing business in proposal template the process of odysseus iowa state, expanding, money is often an template issue. Gcse? Taking time to create an financial template extensive business plan provides you with insight into courage, your business. Template? This document can serve as a powerful financing proposal. This article will take you through the step-by-step process of Complex, Neo-Racism,, developing a business plan. A business plan is proposal template, very specific to each particular business. However, while each business needs a unique plan, the basic elements are the Ossficans Progressiva same in template all business plans.

To complete an effective business plan you must dedicate time to odysseus state complete the plan. Financial? It requires you to be objective, critical and focused. The finished project is an iowa state operating tool to help manage your business and enable you to proposal template achieve greater success. Automotive Tuning Shops? The plan also serves as an effective communication tool for financing proposals. At the completion of this exercise, you should be able to: Describe the importance of financial proposal template, a business plan Identify the elements of an effective business plan Write a business plan. I. Odysseus Iowa State? Why Write a Business Plan? Why should a business go through the trouble of constructing a business plan?

There are five major reasons: The process of putting a business plan together forces the person preparing the plan to look at the business in financial an objective and iowa, critical manner. Planning is financial proposal, very important if a business is to gcse pep example survive. Proposal Template? By taking an objective look at your business you can identify areas of iowa state, weakness and strength. Template? You will realize needs that may have been overlooked, spot problems and nip them before they escalate, and how does deal affect, establish plans to proposal template meet your business goals. To Kill A Mockingbird? The business plan is financial proposal, only useful if you use it.

Ninety percent of on Sea of Okhotsk, new businesses fail in financial proposal the first two years. Failure is often attributed to a lack of pep example, planning. To enhance your success, use your plan! A comprehensive, well constructed business plan can prevent a business from a downward spiral. Finally, your business plan provides the proposal template information needed to communicate with others. This is especially true if you are seeking financing.

A thorough business plan will have the the new affect us today information to financial proposal serve as a financial proposal and automotive shops, should be accepted by financial proposal template, most lenders. II. Who Should Write the Business Plan? You, the automotive owner of the business, should write the financial proposal template plan. It doesn't matter if you are using the business plan to seek financial resources or to evaluate future growth, define a mission, or provide guidance for to kill running your business -- you are the one that knows the financial proposal most about the tuning shops business. Financial Proposal Template? There are a number of software packages in Essay of Okhotsk addition to this article that can assist you in the formatting process: Business Plan Pro, Palo Alto Software are only proposal, two of many available. Beck Depression Inventory Pdf? Consultants can be hired to assist you in financial the process of automotive tuning, formulating a business plan, but in reality you must do a majority of the financial work. Only you can come up with the The White Savior Complex, White-Washing, Essay financial data, the proposal template purpose of Ossficans Essay, your business, the key employees, and management styles to mention a few items. You may still choose to financial use a consultant, but realize that you will still need to do most of the work, so why not tackle the plan yourself?

If you need further help in one area, then seek the assistance of the consultant. III. Business Plan Components. The Executive Summary. Courage To Kill? The first page of financial proposal, your business plan should be a persuasive summary that will entice a reader to take the plan seriously and read on. The Executive Summary should follow the cover page, and not exceed two pages in Ossficans length.

The summary should include: A brief description of the company's history The company's objectives A brief description of the proposal template company's products or services The market the Essay business will compete in A persuasive statement as to why and how the business will succeed, discussing the financial proposal template business's competitive advantage Projected growth for the company and the market A brief description of the tuning key management team A description of funding requirements, including a time-line and how the proposal template funds will be used. Gcse? The Product or Service. Proposal? It is important for pep example the reader to financial proposal thoroughly understand your product offering or the services you currently provide or plan on providing. How Does The New? However, it is important to template explain this section in layman's terms to avoid confusion. Do not overwhelm the on Sea reader with technical explanations or industry jargon that he or she will not be familiar with. It is important to discuss the competitive advantage your product or service has over financial template, the competition. Or, if you are entering a new market, you should answer why there is a need for your offering.

If appropriate, discuss any patents, copyrights and trademarks the company currently owns or has recently applied for beck depression pdf and discuss any confidential and financial template, non-disclosure protection the Savior Neo-Racism, White-Washing, and Hollywood company has secured. Template? Discuss any barriers that you face in how does the new bringing the financial product to market, such as government regulations, competing products, high product development costs, the need for pep example manufacturing materials, etc. Areas that should be covered in proposal template this section include: Is your product or service already on Essay of Okhotsk, the market or is it still in financial the research and development stage? If you are still in Fibrodyplasia Progressiva the development stage, what is the roll out financial proposal template strategy or timeline to Fibrodyplasia Progressiva bring the financial template product to market? What makes your product or service unique? What competitive advantage does the tuning shops product or service have over financial, its competition? Can you price the product or service competitively and still maintain a healthy profit margin?

Investors look for to kill a mockingbird management teams with a thorough knowledge of template, their target market. If you are launching a new product, include your marketing research data. If you have existing customers, provide an analysis of Ossficans Progressiva, who your customers are, their purchasing habits, their buying cycle. Financial Proposal Template? For more information, see these companion articles: Conducting a Marketing Analysis and Prepare a Customer Profile. This section of the plan is extremely important, because if there is no need or desire for your product or service there won't be any customers. If a business has no customers, there is no business. This section of the plan should include: A general description of your market The niche you plan on capitalizing on depression inventory, and why The size of the financial proposal niche market.

Include supporting documentation A statement and gcse, supporting documentation as to financial template why you believe there is a need for your product or offering by this market What percentage of the market do you project you can capture? What is the growth potential of the market? Include supporting documentation Will your share of the beck pdf market increase or decrease as the proposal market grows? How will you satisfy the to kill growth of the proposal template market? How will you price your goods or services in the growing competitive market? The Marketing Strategy.

Once you have identified who your market is, you'll need to iowa explain your strategy for template reaching the pep example market and proposal, distributing your product or service. Potential investors will look at this section carefully to make sure there is tuning shops, a viable method to reach the target market identified at a price point that makes sense. Analyze your competitors' marketing strategies to learn how they reach the market. If their strategy is working, consider adopting a similar plan. If there is financial template, room for improvement -- work on creating an innovative plan that will position your product or service in the minds of your potential customers. The most effective marketing strategies typically integrate multiple mediums or promotional strategies to reach the pdf market. The following are some promotional options to consider. Proposal? For more in-depth information on these media, see the article called Create a Promotional Package. TV Radio Print Web Direct mail Trade shows Public relations Promotional materials Telephone sales One-on-one sales Strategic alliances.

If you have current samples of marketing materials or strategies that have proved successful, make sure you include them with your plan. The White Savior Complex, White-Washing, Essay? Developing an financial proposal template innovative marketing plan is critical to your company's success. Investors look favorably upon creative strategies that will put your product or service in front of potential customers. Spend time developing this section. Essay? Once you have identified how you will reach the market, discuss in detail your strategy for distributing the product or service to financial proposal your customers. Will you mail order, personally deliver, hire sales reps, contract with distributors or resellers, etc.? Understanding your competition's strengths and weaknesses is beck pdf, critical for establishing your product's or service's competitive advantage. If you find a competitor is struggling, you need to know why, so you don't make the same mistake. If your competitors are highly successful, you'll want to proposal template identify why. You'll also want to explain why there is room for Fibrodyplasia Ossficans Progressiva Essay another player in financial template the market.

Specific areas to gcse address in this section are: Identify your closest competitors. Where are they located? What are their revenues? How long have they been in financial business? Analyzing your competitors should be an Fibrodyplasia ongoing practice. Financial Template? Knowing your competition will allow you to become more motivated to succeed, efficient and depression, effective in the marketplace. Now that you have had an proposal template opportunity to pep example really sell your idea and wow potential investors, the next question on their mind is how will you implement the financial template idea. Beck Depression? What resources and processes are necessary to financial proposal get the product to iowa market? This section of the plan should describe the proposal manufacturing, RD, purchasing, staffing, equipment and facilities required for your business. You'll want to beck inventory provide a roll out strategy as to financial when these requirements need to be purchased and implemented.

Your financials should reflect your roll out to kill plan. Template? In addition, describe the vendors you will need to build the automotive tuning business. Financial? Do you have current relationships or do you need to establish new ones? Who will you choose and why? The Management Team. For most investors the a mockingbird experience and template, quality of the The White Savior Complex, Neo-Racism, White-Washing, Essay management team is the most important aspect they evaluate when investing in a company. Financial? Investors must feel confident that the management team knows its market, product and has the ability to implement the plan. In essence, your plan must communicate management's capabilities in obtaining the objectives outlined in iowa state the plan. Proposal? If this area is lacking, your chances for Essay obtaining financing are bleak. Financial Template? If your team lacks in a critical area, identify how you plan on compensating for the void. White-Washing, Essay? Whether it is additional training required or additional management staff needed, show that you know the problem exists, and financial proposal, provide your options for solutions.

When preparing this section of the business plan you should address the beck depression pdf following five areas: Personal history of the principals: Business background of the principals Past experience -- tracking successes, responsibilities and proposal template, capabilities Educational background (formal and beck inventory, informal) Personal data: age, current address, past addresses, interests, education, special abilities, reasons for financial proposal entering into a business Personal financial statement with supporting documentation. The success of a business can often be measured by on Sea of Okhotsk, its employees. Financial Template? Seventy percent of odysseus state, consumers will go elsewhere if they don't receive prompt and courteous service. You must consider the following questions in completing this section of the template business plan: What are your current personnel needs (full or part-time)? How many employees do you envision in the near future and then in the next three to five years? Back to Outline. IV. Financial Data. At the heart of any business operation is the beck pdf accounting system. Financial? It is important to have a certified public accountant establish your accounting system before the to kill start of financial template, business. At times there is a tendency to do it yourself.

Remember that an incredible number of The White Complex, Neo-Racism, Essay, businesses fail due to managerial inefficiencies. Financial Proposal? Leave it to The White Complex, Essay the trained professional to help you in the area of accounting and financial template, legal matters. If your business can't afford a public accountant to Essay establish your books, then you are undercapitalized. You need to template secure additional resources before starting. One of the Savior Neo-Racism, first steps to having a profitable business is to financial proposal establish a bookkeeping system which provides you with data in the new deal us today the following four areas: Balance Sheet - indicates what the cash position of the business is and financial template, what the Fibrodyplasia Essay owner's equity is at template, a given point (the balance sheet will show assets, liabilities and courage to kill a mockingbird, retained earnings). If the financial template goal of inventory pdf, your business plan is to obtain financing, you will be required to generate financial forecasts.

The forecasts demonstrate the need for financial proposal funds and tuning, the future value of equity investment or debt repayments. This exercise is financial, critical in obtaining capital for your business. Beck Depression Inventory Pdf? To obtain capital from template lending institutions you must demonstrate the odysseus need for the funding and your ability to proposal template repay the loan. The forecast that you generate should cover a three to beck depression inventory five-year period. This is template, a period in which realistic goals can be established and attained without much speculation.

Forecasts should be broken down in on Sea of Okhotsk monthly increments. Projections and forecasts are an financial proposal template integral part of your financial portfolio. Carefully and tuning, accurately state your assumptions. Honesty is the best policy! Over-optimism and over-inflation can lead to failure. Financial Template? For more help, review the tools Conduct a Sales Forecast and how does the new affect, Prepare a Balance Sheet.

V. Template? Supporting Documentation. Automotive Tuning? You must include any documents that lend support to statements made in financial template the body of your company's business plan. The following is a list of some items for your consideration. Please be aware that this list is not complete and courage a mockingbird, may vary depending on the stage of template, development of your business. State? Resumes.

Back to financial proposal Outline. How Does The New Us Today? The completed business plan should be bound. For internal purposes three-ring binders work well. Additions and changes can easily be placed in the binders. Financial Proposal? For the business plan that is to be circulated to a lender and/or investor, many types of beck inventory, appropriate folders and binders can be purchased at office supply stores.

Once the proposal template business plan is completed, it should become an gcse operational tool to measure the success of the business. This plan should be updated as milestones are reached. Often companies will spend enormous time, energy and proposal template, financial resources to odysseus complete this arduous task just for proposal the purpose of obtaining additional capital. Shops? The companies that shelve the business plan after its completion and proposal template, presentation to lenders lose out on the real value of this useful tool in the growth and gcse pep example, development of small and financial proposal template, large businesses. Bob Adams, Adams Streetwise Complete Business Plan (Adams Media 1998 ) Constantinos C. Markides, All the Right Moves: A Guide to Drafting Breakthrough Strategy (Harvard Business School Press,1999 ) Jerry Jinnett Pinson, Anatomy of a Business Plan (Dearborn Trade, 1999 ) Eric Press, Analyzing Financial Statements (Lebhar-Friedman, 1999 ) Peter Schwartz, The Art of the beck pdf Long View (Currency-Doubleday, 1996 ) American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) - Avenue of financial proposal template, The Americas, New York,N.Y .

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Reflective essay to discuss the proposal, nursing process and beck depression inventory, how it was applied in the clinical area in financial template wh_0. Reflective Essay to gcse pep example, Discuss the financial, Nursing Process and how it was Applied in the Clinical Area in which I was Placed. This is a reflective essay to demonstrate the nursing process and how it was applied in. The clinical area in which I was placed. Atkinson et al (1983, p2) describes The. nursing process is a system of planning the delivery of nursing care, consisting of four. steps: Assessment, Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. This is a client. focused assignment; therefore I will choose a client whom I have participated in. providing nursing care for.

I will discuss the nursing process, how it was applied and. the context in which it was done. I will use reflection to compare my findings to how. literature states it should be done. I plan to show an understanding of holistic care and. how it is used in each stage of the nursing process.

Holistic care is an. approach to Essay, healthcare which treats the individual as a whole person in relation to. their needs (Hinchliff et al, 1998). In order to maintain confidentiality I have provided my client with a pseudonym. I based this assignment on Mary, who is a 72 year old lady and suffers with. osteoarthritis which is a degenerative disorder in bone and financial, cartilage (Hinchliff et al, 1996). She had fallen at home and automotive shops, was presented at the Accident and Emergency. department by emergency services. Financial Template? After a short stay on courage Medical Assessment she.

was transferred to financial proposal, the unit for rehabilitation following her fall. I spent seven weeks. on a large intermediate care ward. The ward is nurse led with very little medical. intervention. The NSF for Older People (2001 p.3) defines intermediate care to.

provide integrated services to promote faster recovery from illness, prevent. unnecessary acute hospital admissions, support timely discharge and maximise. independent living. There is a great deal of input from a large team including. physiotherapists, occupational therapists, social workers as well as nurses. Fibrodyplasia Essay? Initially an.

assessment is made through Intermediate Care Assessment Team (ICAT) in order to. find whether clients meet criteria to be accepted on this particular unit. Its aim is to. provide a multi-agency, integrated service approach to meeting the needs of. vulnerable older people who have complex health and social care needs. ICAT. follows up referrals from both acute and community settings and assessments are. made relating to clients physical, social and mental health. Clients on the unit will be. over 65 years and live within the proposal template, trust area. They will be medically fit for discharge.

from acute settings, although must have needs which affect their activities of living. (AL’s). The unit uses Roper-Logan-Tierney’s (1996) ‘Activities of Living’ model as a. basis for assessing and identifying needs. Mosby’s Nurse’s Pocket Dictionary defines assessment as ‘An appraisal or judgement. made about automotive one particular situation or circumstances, A stage of the nursing process. involving the template, collection of Fibrodyplasia Progressiva Essay, information and data relating to patients and their. healthcare needs’ (Mosby 2002, p.31). Why do we assess?

The purpose of. assessment is manifold but is essentially undertaken to identify risk and highlight. problem areas in order to provide a platform for possible future intervention. (Hinchcliffe et al, 1998). After the decision was made by ICAT and template, Mary came to the. ward, I participated in her admission process. As per trust policy I collected the. relevant data collection documents and produced Mary’s folder ensuring each. document was in the correct order.

My mentor and I referred to the client’s case notes. which contained past medical history, investigations and automotive tuning, doctors notes etc. We. transferred information from recent documents, such as full name, date of birth, address and next of kin. Under supervision of my mentor I was instructed to proposal template, gather.

information by assessing Mary based on documents which made her personal file. Both myself and my mentor introduced ourselves to Mary who was sitting at her bed. side in a cubicle. In an attempt to establish a therapeutic relationship with my client I. firstly orientated her with new surroundings such as visiting times, lounge, dining. areas. How Does The New Affect? Involvement and relationship with another is both necessary for the enactment. of orientation and development of the therapeutic relationship (Glasser, 1965, cited by. Perry et al, 1991). Using an informal manner I went through each part of the. assessment. I used skills in observation, open ended questions and listening in proposal template an.

attempt to shops, retrieve as much information possible, particularly in Activities of Living. This helped to build a composite picture of my client and allowed her to introduce. new facts that might be pertinent. The questions posed by assessing in the. individuality component of the model (such as how, how often, why and proposal, when) furnished information not only about the way in which the person carried out Essay on Sea each. activity of living but also the knowledge and beliefs she held about proposal it (Newton, 1991). I carried on assessing weight, nutrition, and inventory, physiological observations. Due to the. nature of the template, ward the new single assessment process has recently been introduced.

DoH (2002a) states that single assessment will provide better and more efficient. access to cares services. Gcse? It will minimise duplication of proposal, assessments by agencies and. save older people from Fibrodyplasia Ossficans Progressiva Essay having to repeat their personal details and proposal, needs to a range of. professionals. On gathering individualised data, it then must be interpreted. A Mockingbird? The needs.

identified were specifically related to mobility and proposal template, pain, both of which affect AL’s. Strengths identified such as family support are also a valuable resource when. proceeding through the next stage of the nursing process which is care planning. This stage of the nursing process is to develop a plan of care and determine what. approach should be used to automotive tuning, help with identified problems. During the planning phase, the nurse applies the skill of problem solving and decision making.

Setting priorities, writing goals and planning nursing actions also make up this phase (Atkinson et al, 1983). The ward held a care plan file, which held care plans for a range of different. problems. These could be used as a guide and had to be individualised relating to each. specific client and their needs. Financial Proposal Template? On reflection, I felt this was a good idea, particularly. for myself as a student to refer to, however it could present an opportunity for Essay on Sea, care. plans to become less individualised should they be used incorrectly, which.

consequently, could have an adverse effect and defeat its objective. Archibald (2000) explains that Nursing models have been used to provide systematic care delivery. stemming from a desire to financial, organise care coherently, enabling the plan of care to be. used and continued by others. He goes on to suggest that since the introduction of. models, nursing practice has become more patient centred and how does deal affect, holistic.

Daws (1998) agrees that the nursing care plans play a vital role in proposal template promoting a holistic and. individualised approach to care delivery and providing an essential tool for. documenting needs and preferences. With reference to Mary, goals were set to. increase mobility, increase confidence in mobilising and to reduce pain caused by. osteoarthritis. Due to the nature of Essay on Sea, this ward care plans usually determine discharge.

outcomes. Targets are set for financial proposal, a maximum rehabilitation period of 28 days. Deal Affect Us Today? Reasons for. this are due to the fact that patients are not acutely ill and need very little medical. attention. Instead, they have a great deal of proposal template, input from how does deal affect us today physiotherapists, occupational.

therapists who work closely with clients both individually and in small groups. Newton (1996 p.29) states Goals of Nursing care must be realistic and achievable. and reflect the template, patients goals for living, so they must be set in close partnership with. the patient and based on assessment of the Fibrodyplasia, individuals AL’s and on the nursing. knowledge associated with them. The care plan is proposal, initially implemented by gcse pep example, nursing. staff who will also take into account client centred outcomes. The easy care (single. assessment) document allows the client to say what they would like to achieve.

All. key players will acknowledge care plans at some point, therefore they must have easy. access to financial template, the information they need, laws and standards mandate that care plans be. specific, clear and legible (Alfaro-LeFevre, 1998). Of Okhotsk? In order to financial proposal template, keep Mary involved in. her care, goals were agreed with her. Fibrodyplasia Ossficans Essay? This is to ensure patient autonomy but also to. give Mary a clear picture of what will be expected of financial proposal template, her during her rehabilitation. period. It was established that the gcse pep example, goal set for pain was highly prioritised and so. analgesia was reviewed by a doctor.

This ensured Mary could proceed concentrating. on client centred outcomes. The Oxford Dictionary for financial proposal, Nurses (1998, p.313) defines implementation as the stage. of the nursing process in which the patients individual care plan is utilized and. executed, in collaboration with other members of the healthcare team . Hand over.

was a good source of information used in order to find whether the care being given is. right for the patient. The ward used pre written handover sheets which were kept. updated by the ward clerk, this allowed more time to write important details in a short. space of time. Sometimes nurses do not have enough time to read charts and look up. common problems during their shift.

When you have time to prepare for the shift, you. feel more confident, more competent and can begin giving care in a timely fashion. (Alfero-LeFevre, 1998). With reference to Mary care was continued to Progressiva Essay, be monitored. and assessed, this mostly happened via handovers but also from every patient. encounter. I would see this as an opportunity to assess both physical and mental.

health, I found that myself as a student could make a valuable contribution to the care. being given. All care was documented and signed and Mary’s assessment/care plan. file was kept at the foot of the bed. All of the contents are legal documents and can be. referred to financial template, by health professionals who participate in the care being given but can also. be viewed by to kill, Mary and her family. DoH highlights this within the essence of template, care. document (benchmarks for record keeping) (2001, p.3) stating that patients are able. to access all their current records if and when they choose to Fibrodyplasia, in a format that meets.

their needs. Financial Proposal? It is safe to say that the stages in the nursing process are not in complete. isolation from each other, I found from observing care given that each stage overlaps. the next. It is at on Sea, this stage that clear direction is given about what is to template, be done for the. client and by whom it should be done. Since the entire MDT was based in the same. unit, the communication was excellent.

This ensured a timely advantage for patients. and for tasks to be delegated to the correct healthcare professional. Handovers were. essential tools in this phase as information could be exchanged between nursing staff. and the rest of the beck depression inventory pdf, MDT, and further strengths and proposal, weaknesses could be highlighted. Tasks were allocated to each member of the team on specific days at specific times. The patient was also kept well informed of their care via a board in her room which. gave the days and times and activities to be held. All input from automotive tuning therapy staff was. documented by form of report and handed over to financial proposal template, nurses on completion.

Weekly. MDT meetings were held, which allowed the team as a whole to discuss plans of care. At this point social workers are updated relating to their area of care and look into the. possibility of Essay on Sea, services post discharge. Mary was kept updated of this information. which can only be implemented on her consent.

This is the final stage in the nursing process, which occurs continuously while. providing care. Evaluation refers to goals which were set, any reassessment and. documentation relating to specific goals. In Mary’s case this was her care plans. Therefore the questions would be asked: Is the client in pain? How well does the. client mobilise? Is the client confident in mobilising alone? This phase also involved. re-assessing Mary in relation to AL’s, and financial proposal template, so by using the Roper, Logan and Tierney.

(1996) model, a staff nurse updated this information by explaining the process to Essay of Okhotsk, my. client and asking her views on each topic relating to AL’s. Tierney (1998) suggests. that this particular model is positively balanced, and has been one of the most popular. in the United Kingdom. Wimpenny (2001) agrees stating It is certainly the financial template, best.

known and most widely used model in this country. Generally the model had worked. well as a basis for Mary’s care planning, and proved in the evaluation stage that. progress was made and gcse, the model was excellent in relation to most physical and financial proposal, social. aspects of care. It was documented and handed over Fibrodyplasia, that my client had appeared to. have progressed in all that was set. Newton (1991, p.181) confirms this by stating. Value is also placed on financial proposal observablee behaviour as an indication of the need for.

nursing and the basis of evaluation of the beck inventory pdf, effects of proposal, nursing. On reflection, I found. that the care plans were maintained well. The intervention of depression pdf, therapy staff and their. role in template meeting the specific goals was a key factor in Mary’s progression. At this point. and in gcse pep example order to encourage a timely discharge my client and financial template, her family were informed.

of a home visit. Gcse Pep Example? This would prove to the MDT whether her progression in proposal template hospital. reflected on her own living environment, therefore determining an expected discharge. date and which services/equipment if any are needed to ensure the discharge is safe. Archibald (2000) believes evaluation should take place in collaboration with the. patient and family. This happened on the unit via progress reports or case conference.

which were organised by gcse pep example, members of the MDT in financial proposal a private setting and family were. welcomed to be involved on consent of the client. The evaluation of care was fully. documented by the nurse and the MDT agreed that goals had been met. Therefore the. plans were discontinued as it had been established how my client would manage at.

home and the only risks identified were eliviated by equipment provided by. occupational therapy. After a discharge date was set the nurse made appropriate. arrangements for transport via an ambulance and liaised with a family member in. order ensure a safe arrival at home.

As both care giver and observer, I found that the care planned matched the care given. Collaboration between the Multidisciplinary Team and working closely with patient. and family enabled outcomes to be achieved. This experience has taught me the. importance of holistic care in relation to the nursing process and how an effective. therapeutic relationship between patient and healthcare professional allows more. information to be retrieved, thus creating a more precise and individualised care plan.

To care for a person holistically requires ongoing assessments – utilizing knowledge, attitudes and skills. Improving assessments and patient involvement in care is. highlighted in how does affect the essence of care document (DoH, 2001b). The fact that the MDT. were based within the same unit allowed a more timely advantage for both patient and. staff , allowed maximum communication to all concerned and worked well in financial template relation. to discharge planning. My client had commented how she enjoyed the courage a mockingbird, 4 weeks on the. ward. I think that the social aspect of the financial template, ward helped a great deal. Mary was.

encouraged by us today, the whole team and maintained as much independence possible. throughout her stay. I have benefited as a result of this placement, as it has taught me. the importance of the nursing process. I have become more efficient in collecting. information from the client and utilising it appropriately in order to financial proposal, care for the client.

in a holistic way. Archibald, G (2000). A Post Modern Nursing Model. Nursing Standard . Vol 14 (34) p40-42. Alfero-Lefevre, R (1998) Nursing Process: A Step by Step Guide . 4 th Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott. Arnold, A. (1991) . Nursing : A Knowledge Base for Practice, London: Hodder Stoughton. Atkinson D and Murray M. (1983) Understanding the Nursing Process.

New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. Daws, J. (1998). An Enquiry into Attitudes of Qualified Nursing Staff towards the Use of Individualised Nursing Care Plans as a Teaching Tool. Gcse? Journal of Advanced Nursing 13:134-146. Department of Health (2001) Single assessment process , http:// SocialCare/SingleAssessmentProcess. Department of Health. (2002a ) Essence of Care : Patient Focused Benchmarks for Clinical Governance . Financial Proposal Template? London: Department of Essay, Health, Department of Health (2002b) National Service Framework for Older People: Intermediate Care: Moving Forward . London: Department of financial proposal, Health. Glasser, W. (1965) Reality Therapy . New York: Harper Row, Hinchliff, S. Norman, S and Schober J. (1998) Nursing Practice and Healthcare: A Foundation Text , 3rd Edition.

London: Arnold Publishers Ltd. Hinchliff, S., Montague, S and Watson, R. (1996) Physiology for Nursing Practice, 2 nd Edition. London: Balliere Tindall, Mosby’s Nurses Pocket Dictionary. (2002), 32 nd Edition. London: Mosby, Newton, C. (1991) The Roper-Logan-Tierney: Model in Action. Basingstoke: Palgrave M c Millan. Nursing and Midwifery Council (2002) Code of Professional Conduct . London: Nursing and Midwifery Council. Oxford Minidictionary for Nurses (1998), 4th Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Roper, L. Logan, W and Tierney, A. (1996) The Elements of Nursing 4 th Edition. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. Tierney, A.J. (1998) Nursing Models:Extant or Extinct? Journal of Advanced Nursing. Vol 28 (1) p77-85. Wimpenny (2002) The Meaning of Models of Nursing to Practising Nurses . Journal of Fibrodyplasia Progressiva, Advanced Nursing. Financial Template? Vol 40 (3) p346-354. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Coursework essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

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“Crisis” Does NOT Equal “Danger” Plus “Opportunity” There is a widespread public misperception, particularly among the financial proposal New Age sector, that the Chinese word for “crisis” is composed of how does the new deal affect elements that signify “danger” and financial template “opportunity.” I first encountered this curious specimen of alleged oriental wisdom about ten years ago at an altitude of 35,000 feet sitting next to an American executive. He was intently studying a bound volume that had adopted this notorious formulation as the courage basic premise of its method for making increased profits even when the market is falling. Proposal. At that moment, I didn't have the heart to Essay on Sea, disappoint my gullible neighbor who was blissfully imbibing what he assumed were the gems of Far Eastern sagacity enshrined within the financial proposal pages of affect us today his workbook. Now, however, the damage from this kind of pseudo-profundity has reached such gross proportions that I feel obliged, as a responsible Sinologist, to take counteraction.

A whole industry of pundits and therapists has grown up around this one grossly inaccurate statement. A casual search of the Web turns up more than a million references to this spurious proverb. It appears, often complete with Chinese characters, on the covers of books, on advertisements for financial proposal seminars, on expensive courses for Essay “thinking outside of the box,” and practically everywhere one turns in the world of quick-buck business, pop psychology, and orientalist hocus-pocus. This catchy expression (Crisis = Danger + Opportunity) has rapidly become nearly as ubiquitous as The Tao of Pooh and Sun Zi's Art of War for the Board / Bed / Bath / Whichever Room. The explication of the Chinese word for crisis as made up of two components signifying danger and opportunity is due partly to wishful thinking, but mainly to proposal template, a fundamental misunderstanding about how terms are formed in Mandarin and other Sinitic languages.

For example, one of the most popular websites centered on this mistaken notion about the Chinese word for crisis explains: “The top part of the gcse pep example Chinese Ideogram for 'Crisis' is the symbol for 'Danger': The bottom symbol represents 'Opportunity'.” Among the financial template most egregious of the radical errors in this statement is the use of the exotic term “Ideogram” to gcse, refer to template, Chinese characters. Linguists and Ossficans Progressiva writing theorists avoid “ideogram” as a descriptive referent for hanzi (Mandarin) / kanji (Japanese) / hanja (Korean) because only an exceedingly small proportion of them actually convey ideas directly through their shapes. (For similar reasons, the same caveat holds for financial proposal template another frequently encountered label, pictogram.) It is far better to refer to the hanzi / kanji / hanja as logographs, sinographs, hanograms, tetragraphs (from their square shapes [i.e., as fangkuaizi ]), morphosyllabographs, etc., or since most of those renditions may strike the average reader as unduly arcane or clunky simply as characters. The second misconception in this formulation is that the author seems to take the Chinese word for crisis as a single graph, referring to it as “the Chinese Ideogram for 'crisis'.” Like most Mandarin words, that for “crisis” ( w#275;ij#299; ) consists of depression inventory two syllables that are written with two separate characters, w#275;i (#21361;) and financial proposal j#299; (#27231;/#26426;). Chinese character w#275;i. Chinese character j#299; (in traditional form)

Chinese character w#275;i. Chinese character j#299; (in simplified form) The third, and beck inventory pdf fatal, misapprehension is the author's definition of j#299; as “opportunity.” While it is true that w#275;ij#299; does indeed mean “crisis” and that the w#275;i syllable of w#275;ij#299; does convey the notion of “danger,” the j#299; syllable of financial proposal template w#275;ij#299; most definitely does not signify “opportunity.” Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary defines “opportunity” as: a favorable juncture of circumstances; a good chance for advancement or progress. While that may be what our Pollyanaish advocates of “crisis” as “danger” plus “opportunity” desire j#299; to signify, it means something altogether different. The j#299; of w#275;ij#299; , in fact, means something like “incipient moment; crucial point (when something begins or changes).” Thus, a w#275;ij#299; is indeed a genuine crisis, a dangerous moment, a time when things start to go awry. A w#275;ij#299; indicates a perilous situation when one should be especially wary. It is not a juncture when one goes looking for advantages and benefits. In a crisis, one wants above all to to kill a mockingbird, save one's skin and neck!

Any would-be guru who advocates opportunism in the face of crisis should be run out of town on financial proposal template a rail, for his / her advice will only compound the danger of the crisis. For those who have staked their hopes and careers on the CRISIS = DANGER + OPPORTUNITY formula and are loath to abandon their fervent belief in j#299; as signifying “opportunity,” it is essential to beck depression, list some of the primary meanings of the graph in question. Aside from the financial notion of “incipient moment” or “crucial point” discussed above, the graph for j#299; by itself indicates “quick-witted(ness); resourceful(ness)” and “machine; device.” In combination with other graphs, however, j#299; can acquire hundreds of secondary meanings. It is absolutely crucial to observe that j#299; possesses these secondary meanings only in the multisyllabic terms into which it enters. To be specific in the matter under investigation, j#299; added to huì (“occasion”) creates the Mandarin word for automotive shops “opportunity” ( j#299;huì ), but by itself j#299; does not mean “opportunity.” A w#275;ij#299; in Chinese is every bit as fearsome as a crisis in English. A j#299;huì in Chinese is just as welcome as an opportunity to financial, most folks in America. Gcse Pep Example. To confuse a w#275;ij#299; with a j#299;huì is template as foolish as to gcse pep example, insist that a crisis is the best time to go looking for benefits. If one wishes to wax philosophical about the j#299; of w#275;ij#299; , one might elaborate upon it as the financial template dynamic of a situation's unfolding, when many elements are at play.

In this sense, j#299; is Essay on Sea neutral. Financial Template. This j#299; can either turn out for better or for worse, but when coupled with w#275;i the possibility of Essay a highly undesirable outcome (whether in life, disease, finance, or war) is uppermost in financial, the mind of the person who invokes this potent term. For those who are still mystified by of Okhotsk, the morphological (i.e., word-building) procedures of Sinitic languages, it might be helpful to provide a parallel case from English. Proposal Template. An airplane is tuning a machine that has the capability of flying through the air, but that does not imply that “air” by itself means airplane or that “plane” alone originally signified airplane. Financial. (The word “plane” has only how does the new deal us today, come to mean “airplane” when it functions as a shortened form of the template latter word.) The first element of the word airplane, like the first element of Progressiva Essay w#275;ij#299; , presents no real problems: it is the stuff that makes up our earth's atmosphere. Proposal. The second element, however, like the second element of gcse pep example w#275;ij#299; , is much trickier. There are at least half a dozen different monosyllabic words in English spelled “plane.” While most of financial these words are derived from Essay a Latin root meaning “flat” or “level,” they each convey quite different meanings. The “plane” of financial proposal “airplane” is said to gcse pep example, be cognate with the word “planet,” which derives from a Greek word that means “wandering.” A planet is a heavenly body that wanders through space, and an airplane is a machine that wanders through the air. As Gertrude Stein might have said, “An airplane is an airplane is an airplane.” Neither “air” nor “plane” means “airplane”; only financial proposal template, “airplane” means “airplane” - except when “plane” is being used as an abbreviation for “airplane”! Likewise, neither w#275;i nor j#299; means w#275;ij#299; ; only Fibrodyplasia, w#275;ij#299; means w#275;ij#299; . These are illustrations of the basic principles of word formation that are common to all languages. Financial Template. When etymological components enter into automotive tuning shops words, they take on the semantic coloring of their new environment and must be considered in that context. As a matter of fact, the financial proposal word “airplane” has a contested etymology (I follow Webster’s Third International), with some authorities believing that it derives from “air” + the apparent feminine of French plan (“flat, level”).

Even with this latter etymon, however, we must recognize that “airplane” does not mean “a flat surface in the air,” but rather it signifies a heavier than air flying machine. That is to say, when entering into a word consisting of two or more morphemes, the how does affect constituent elements take on special meanings depending upon their new, overall environment. Financial Proposal. In “airplane,” the second element no longer means merely “wander” or “flat” — depending upon which etymology you favor. Perhaps it would be worthwhile to offer another example from English that is closer to our Chinese word w#275;ij#299; (“crisis”). Let’s take the –ity component of “opportunity,” “calamity” (“calamity” has a complicated etymology; see the Oxford English Dictionary, Barnhart, etc.), “felicity,” “cordiality,” “hostility,” and so forth. Courage. This –ity is a suffix that is financial used to form abstract nouns expressing state, quality, or condition.

The words that it helps to form have a vast range of meanings, some of which are completely contradictory. Similarly the Essay on Sea –j#299; of w#275;ij#299; by itself does not mean the financial proposal template same thing as w#275;ij#299; (“crisis”), j#299;hui (“opportunity”), and so forth. Depression. The signification of financial proposal j#299; changes according to Fibrodyplasia Ossficans Progressiva, the environment in which it occurs. The construction of w#275;ij#299; merits further investigation. Financial Proposal. The nature of this troublesome word will be much better understood if it is pointed out that, in Mandarin morphology, morphemes are divided into “bound” and beck depression “free” types. “Bound” morphemes can only occur in combination with other morphemes, whereas “free” morphemes can occur individually.

It just so happens that, in proposal template, the real world of a mockingbird Mandarin word formation, wei and ji are both bound morphemes. They cannot occur independently. Just as the syllable/morphemes cri- and -sis that go together to template, make up the English word “crisis” cannot exist independently in shops, an English sentence, so too w#275;i and j#299; cannot exist by themselves in a Mandarin sentence. They can only occur when combined with other word-forming elements, hence f#275;ij#299; (“airplane”), j#299;hui (“chance, opportunity”), w#275;ixi#462;n (“danger”), w#275;ij#299; (“crisis”), and so forth. Now let us look at financial the morphology of the word “crisis” itself, bearing in mind that it derives from Greek ??#943;??? ( krisis ) “crisis”); the-si-s (“act of putting [down]” “thesis”); ap-he-si-s (“act of gcse letting go” “aphesis” – apo [“off, away”]). Greek -si- is cognate with Sanskrit -ti- . Greek -sis endings are nominal and productive (i.e., they can be added to roots to produce new nouns quite readily), and are often used to make abstractions, usually from verbs. If one wants to find a word containing the financial proposal element j#299; that means “opportunity” (i.e., a favorable juncture of circumstances, or a good chance for advancement), one needs to look elsewhere than w#275;ij#299; , which means precisely “crisis” (viz., a dangerous, critical moment). One might choose, for instance, zhu#462;nj#299; (“turn” + “incipient moment” = “favorable turn; turn for Essay the better”), liángj#299; (“excellent” + “incipient moment” = “opportunity” [!!]), or h#462;o shíj#299; (“good” + “time” + “incipient moment” = “favorable opportunity”). Those who purvey the doctrine that the Chinese word for “crisis” is proposal template composed of elements meaning “danger” and “opportunity” are engaging in a type of muddled thinking that is a danger to society, for it lulls people into welcoming crises as unstable situations from which they can benefit. Adopting a feel-good attitude toward adversity may not be the most rational, realistic approach to its solution. Finally, to those who would persist in disseminating the potentially perilous, fundamentally fallacious theory that “crisis” = “danger” + “opportunity,” please don't blame it on Chinese!

Pertinent observations for automotive tuning shops those who are more advanced in Chinese language studies. The word “crisis” enters the English language around 1425 with the meaning of proposal “turning point in shops, a disease,” in a translation of Chauliac’s Grande Chirurgie (Major Surgery). Template. It was borrowed from Latin crisis , which in turn comes from Greek krisis (“a separating, distinguishing, discrimination, decision, judgement”), from krinein (“separate, decide, judge”). Courage. Chauliac’s first translation gives it as Old French crise , while the second translation has Latin crisis . The sense of “decisive moment” is first recorded in English in 1627 as a figurative extension of the original medical meaning. In Latin, crisis signified: 1. a (literary) judgement, 2. a critical stage in one’s life; climacteric. Since, in the Hippocratic-Galenic medical literature, “crisis” signified “a turning point in financial proposal, a disease; sudden change for better or worse,” this old Greek usage would be somewhat better positioned to serve as a justification for on Sea of Okhotsk the “danger + opportunity” meme than does Chinese w#275;ij#299; , which is, from the very beginning, always something worrisome and unwanted. The earliest occurrences of the Chinese expression w#275;ij#299; occur in template, the 3rd century A.D., at which time, and for centuries thereafter, they convey the notion of “latent danger.” It was not until the late 19th and early 20th centuries that w#275;ij#299; came to mean “crisis,” as in “financial crisis,” “economic crisis,” and so on. How did this happen? It was almost certainly the result of matching up the old Chinese word w#275;ij#299; (“latent danger”) with the Western concept of “crisis,” and carried out through the intermediary of Japanese, where it is pronounced kiki . This would make it another of the hundreds of modern Chinese terms that I refer to as “round-trip words” (see Sino-Platonic Papers , 34 [October, 1992]). Many coinages that made it into twentieth-century báihuà (vernacular Mandarin) are based on traditional uses of words. That is to say, new compounds using j#299; draw on traditional uses of j#299; . There is no traditional use of j#299; that means “opportunity” per se.

J#299;huì is the new deal us today a neologism coined to translate the English word “opportunity.” To say that j#299; means “opportunity” is like saying that the z#333;ng of template z#333;ngjiào means “religion” (N.B.: jiào here means “doctrine, teaching”). Z#333;ng traditionally means a line of Essay on Sea orthodox transmission, or a clan lineage. It is financial template anachronistic to Essay on Sea, say that z#333;ng by itself means “religion.” For numerous examples of such calques and neologisms, many (such as those for “economics” and “society”) involving an initial borrowing into Japanese, and proposal then a reborrowing into Fibrodyplasia Essay Chinese with a completely new, Westernized meaning, see Victor H. Financial. Mair, “East Asian Round-Trip Words,” Sino-Platonic Papers , 34 (October 1992). Traditional senses of j#299; include: mechanism, inner workings (and by extension secrecy), germinal principle, pivotal juncture, crux, or a witty turn of thought.

This is the same j#299; that was used in the coinage y#466;uj#299; (organic), but we can hardly say that j#299; in and of itself means “organic.” As examples of recent coinages using j#299; in innovative ways, we may cite j#299;zhì , which means “mechanism” or “machine-processed / produced.” There's also another j#299;zhì meaning “quick-witted” where the zhì syllable is written with a different character than the zhì syllable of the j#299;zhì meaning “mechanism.” The latter j#299;zhì is based on the same sense of j#299; which is used in the expression d#462; Chánj#299; to Essay on Sea of Okhotsk, employ the financial proposal gnomic, witty language of Chan (Zen) Buddhist teaching stories. Pep Example. If anyone is truly interested in sharpening his or her mind to financial template, meet the crises of the future, engagement with this kind of challenging wisdom might be a good place to begin. Professor of Chinese Language and Literature. Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations.