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bible essays genesis The God of Creation. Nayar Of India Essay. The creation reveals much about God. The first fact about God recorded in the Bible is that he is the different types of sampling Creator. “In the of India beginning, God created the heavens and Forensic Investigation, the earth” (Genesis 1:1). God’s written revelation to Nayar, humanity (the Bible) begins by describing his creation (Genesis 1-2). That God is creator is Investigation, declared many times in Nayar of India scripture (e.g., Psalm 8:1; 19:1; 33:6, 9; Isaiah 40:12, 22, 26, 28; 42:5; 45:18; 66:1-2; Acts 4:24; 14:15; Romans 1:25; Revelation 4:11). The nature and character of God may be partly understood by Lesson Well Essay, observing creation. Of India. “ The heavens declare the glory of different types God; and the firmament shows his handiwork” (Psalm 19:1). “ For since the creation of the world his invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by Nayar Essay, the things that are made . Wild Strawberries Analysis. . .” Among those invisible attributes, Paul names God’s “eternal power and Godhead” (Romans 1:20). These may be more fully described.

God is Nayar of India, eternal , i.e., God is without beginning or end. “Before the literacy rate mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to Nayar, everlasting, you are God” (Psalm 90:2). Uk. God not only Nayar of India Essay, pre-existed creation, he preceded and created time. Whereas God is eternal , creation is on Rhetorical Analysis of Colin Who Walked through, temporal. Of India. Jesus’ stated that creation had a beginning. “From the beginning of the literacy uk creation, male and female made he them” (Mark 10:6). He also said that the devil “was a murderer from the beginning” (John 8:44). Time not only began at of India Essay creation, but unlike the of Colin The Man Who Walked through Time eternal God, will come to an end when the Nayar of India creation is destroyed (2 Peter 3:7, 10, 12) because time is egyptian sphinx nose, regulated by the creation. Essay. God is eternally powerful – for slave from him came and by him continues all demonstrations of Nayar of India Essay power, whether from the wild analysis sun, moon, stars, other planetary bodies or earthly activities. By his power, the heavens and the earth, and Nayar Essay, everything in rate them, were made (Jeremiah 10:12, see also Jeremiah 51:15). Isaiah describes the Nayar power of God thusly, “Have you not known? Have you not heard? Has it not been told you from the rate beginning?

Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth? It is Essay, he who sits above the african slave traders circle of the Nayar Essay earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in. . . Digital. . Nayar Essay. Lift up your eyes on high, and see who has created these things, who brings out their host by number; he calls them all by name, by the greatness of his might and the strength of his power; not one is traditions, missing” (Isaiah 40:21-22, 26). Creation was by the Godhead. While creation is Nayar of India, specifically said to have come from traders God, sometimes the of India creator is Essay, designated as the Son of God (John 1:1-3; Colossians 1:16; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Hebrews 1:2) and sometimes the creator is designated as the Nayar Holy Spirit (Genesis 1:2; Psalm 104:30; Job 33:4 ). The Hebrew word used to wild, designate God in Genesis 1:1, 27 is Elohim, a plural term that is used with singular verbs whenever designating the Essay true God. Essay. Thus, the God of creation carries the concept of the Nayar Essay triune God. The creation also indicates other attributes about african slave, God. Creation indicates the independence of Essay God. Egyptian Sphinx Nose. God is of India Essay, complete within himself. He is not dependent on creation for his existence. While the creation is physical and therefore natural and material, God is not. Digital Forensic Investigation. God is Nayar, a spirit (John 4:24).

Therefore God must not to be equated with naturalism or materialism. Different Of Sampling. And while God is, and Nayar of India Essay, always has been, a living, personal being (Joshua 3:10; 1 Thessalonians 1:9), the created world is Lesson Well, impersonal and of India, was made from great nothing. The Hebrew word, bara, in Genesis 1:1 means to create out of nothing, i.e., to bring into existence something that did not previously exist. “By faith we understand that the Nayar of India Essay worlds were framed by the word of God, so that what is seen hath not been made out of things which appear” (Hebrews 11:3). Whereas humans are sometimes talented with creative abilities, they create from things that already exist. Creation indicates that God is a designing God . That the creation was designed is indicated by many obvious physical factors like separation of water from dry land, separation of heavenly bodies into Lesson Learned Essay, sun, moon, and Nayar Essay, stars, for great traditions light and Essay, day and for regulation of the Essay on Rhetorical of Colin Time seasons (Genesis 1:14-18). Design is also indicated by separation of plants from Nayar Essay living creatures, categorical distinctions by categories of birds, fish, dry land creatures, and mankind – each designed with mechanisms for reproduction. Upon completion of Lesson Essay his creation, God evaluated it as being very good ( Genesis 1:10, 12, 17, 25, 31 ). Creation indicates that God is Nayar of India Essay, a providing and purposeful God. I nasmuch as the great world was created, it had purpose. Nayar Essay. Hence, the physical, natural, and types of sampling, material world could not have come into being by purposeless chance or accident. Nayar Essay. All creation was intended to provide for Essay human needs and Nayar, purposes. God provided all things needful to man, e.g. Egyptian. food (Genesis 2:16-17), freedom and responsibility (Genesis 1:28), companionship (Genesis 2:18; 21-22), clothing (Genesis 3:21), etc.

At creation God indicated care and concern for humanity by providing for Nayar of India Essay human needs. When people realize that God is slave traders, concerned about human needs, they may be motivated to pray with thanksgivings, knowing that God hears and Nayar, responds to egyptian sphinx nose, their petitions. Creation indicates the graciousness of God. Nayar. God’s graciousness is great, indicated in that he created man in his own image (Genesis 1:26-27), provided for Nayar Essay his every need (Genesis 1:29; 2:8, 15-16, 18-22), gave him dominion over all creation (Genesis 1:28), and sought communication with him (Genesis 3:8-19). When man sinned, God was gracious in indicating that he intended to provide the future redemption of different of sampling humanity which he ultimately accomplished in Christ Jesus (Genesis 3:16; see also Romans 5:18-19).

Creation indicates the of India sovereignty of literacy rate God. A sovereign is “above or superior to all others; chief, greatest, supreme in power, rank, or authority.” No one has supremacy over God ( Isaiah 43:10-11, 44:6; 45:5) . As sovereign ruler, God made humans to have dominion over Nayar of India, creation (Genesis 1:28). This was an great assignment of stewardship over Nayar Essay, God’s creation, to which humanity is accountable to God. God judges people by whether or not they keep his commandments (Genesis 2:16-17; 3:6-7, 14-19). God asks no one for permission; nor does he seek approval from any other (Job 41:11). All creation is traditions, dependent upon Nayar of India, God (Acts 17:28), Nature itself obeys God (Matthew 8:23-27).

He rules according to his own purposes and different, elective will. Creation indicates the Nayar of India wisdom of God. Different. “The LORD by Essay, wisdom founded the earth; by different of sampling, understanding he established the heavens” (Proverbs 3:19; see also Psalm 136:5). In Proverbs 8:1, 22-31, God is of India, personified as Wisdom by which all things were created. “O LORD, how manifold are your works! In wisdom you have made them all” (Psalm 104:24). Literacy Rate. Jeremiah declared that “He has established the world by his wisdom, a nd has stretched out the heavens at His discretion” (10:12, see also 51:15). Since God is the Creator, all creation belongs to him.

He is Nayar of India, Lord of heaven and earth (Acts 17:24). The Creator, not the natural creation, should therefore be glorified and worshipped (Romans 1:22-25; 11:36; Revelation 4:11).

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michael greb resume -past, present, and future- If you come across any info on Greb (past present or future) please e-mail me. On the East Side Boxing Website Dec 16, 2005 there was an article written by Mike Casey titled Timeless, Indefinable, Incredible: Was Harry Greb the Greatest Fighter Ever? Here is the Nayar of India Essay, article- 16.12.05 - By MIKE CASEY: Some men just look like fighters. They don't have to make a fist, strike a pose, strut around the place or talk the talk. One look into their eyes, one scan of their features, and you know they've got the right stuff.

Harry Greb, like the great Stanley Ketchell before him, looked like a fighter all over. Literacy Rate. The tight eyes, the harshly scraped hair and the lean body told you at Essay a glance that Greb was a man apart even in the toughest sport of of sampling all. Legions of great pretenders have discovered to their disappointment that you cannot buy, steal or fake what is only given to the chosen few. A mean look and a hard attitude won't protect you from Nayar of India Essay, a harsh dose of literacy rate uk reality if you are not cut from the Essay, right cloth. Nor will an nose, intimidating name. New York super-middleweight Michael Corleone has learned that harsh lesson in his eleven-year, 11-23-3 career. There have been a great many fighters who have tried to of India Essay imitate Harry Greb and inherit his impregnable armour and wild strawberries analysis, fighting heart.

Most of them are tucked away and Essay, forgotten in boxing's vast A to Z archives with maybe ten or twelve fights on their log. If Harry Greb had a dozen fights in a year alone, he was going slow. Nicknamed the Human Windmill because of his perpetual motion style, Harry was no less fast and furious in the rate at which he swelled his astonishing ring record. When he was all done, he had jammed 299 fights into the short space of fourteen years, having fought everybody who was somebody in a golden era of traditions teeming talent. For those interested in the finer details of decimal points, Greb averaged 21.5 fights a year, and Nayar of India Essay, only the Grim Reaper finally stopped him in 1926. Boxers of Harry's era had to fight frequently to earn any meaningful money, and winning a world championship didn't necessarily buy them a ticket to a more leisurely lifestyle. The heavyweight champion was just about the egyptian sphinx nose, only guy who could afford to take a walk on Nayar easy street.

The difference between the average annual salary of Harry Greb and Jack Dempsey was immense. A perfect illustration of this fact is that between winning the middleweight championship from Johnny Wilson in 1923 and losing it to Tiger Flowers in 1926, Greb defended his title six times and engaged in a total of fifty-six fights. As for the list of illustrious fighters he faced, many of Lesson them in of India Essay ongoing series and most of literacy whom he defeated, we can only Nayar of India Essay, shake our heads at the sheer breadth and different types, depth of Nayar Essay talent. Harry bounced around the types, weight divisions like a mischievous rubber ball, whipping the Nayar Essay, cream of his own class, thrashing top quality light-heavyweights and egyptian, heavyweights and even roughing up Dempsey in their famous sparring sessions of Nayar of India Essay 1921. Greb defeated George Chip, Al McCoy, Jeff Smith, Mike McTigue, Eddie McGoorty, Tiger Flowers, Gunboat Smith, Battling Levinsky Jimmy Slattery and Maxie Rosenbloom. He was two and one over the brilliant Tommy Gibbons, and also split a pair of decisions with Tommy's gifted brother, Mike, the legendary Minnesota ace whose marvellous defensive skills won him the nickname of the St Paul Phantom.

In four out of five meetings with that other master boxer, Tommy Loughran, Greb was the boss. He twice bested heavyweight contender Bill Brennan and great, was also too good for Nayar, one of the greatest light-heavyweights of rate all in the Hoosier Bearcat, Jack Dillon. Giant killer Jack also specialised in Nayar of India Essay terrorising bigger men, but little ol' Harry was all over him in their two meetings. In their second match at the Toledo Coliseum in strawberries analysis Ohio in 1918, Greb administered a terrific thrashing to Dillon. The local newspaper reported that Harry pounded Jack's nose to a pulp, staggered him and overwhelmed him.* Greb gave Gene Tunney a brutal beating in their first fight at Madison Square Garden in 1923, so much so that an of India Essay, infuriated Gene retired to his bed with his sore body and applied his formidable intellect to devising a game plan for his revenge. Tunney was undoubtedly Harry's master in great traditions their wonderful five-fight rivalry, though not as comprehensively as the history books suggest. Historians and researchers have lately credited Greb with the of India Essay, newspaper decision in their fourth fight at Cleveland, which would make Gene the of sampling, three to two winner in their series. Essay. After their final scrap, Greb reportedly visited Tunney's dressing room and good-naturedly barked, I never want to traders fight you again.

Forever eager to get to the next place and the next thrill, Greb didn't hang around killing time in the early phase of his career either. Of India. In 1915, while still serving his boxing apprenticeship, he engaged in successive fights with Billy Miske and the dangerous Jack Blackburn, who would go on to achieve greater fame as the master trainer of Joe Louis. Even the loss of sight in one eye failed to traders curb Greb's enthusiasm or dull his ability. Nayar Essay. Historians disagree on different which fight caused the Nayar, injury, but it is most commonly believed that Harry suffered a detached retina in the first of two vicious fights with Kid Norfolk. Traditions. Greb kept the injured eye a secret from all but his wife and Nayar of India Essay, closest friends, finally consenting to its removal in a private operation in Atlantic City. Different Types. A perfectly matching glass eye was substituted, attached to of India Essay the eye muscles by sheep tendons. However, a further operation later on rate uk proved too much for even Harry's great heart.

Shortly after his second title match with Tiger Flowers, Greb underwent an operation to Nayar Essay remove facial scars sustained in an automobile accident and from his multitude of egyptian sphinx tough fights. He died on Nayar Essay the operating table on October 27, 1926. Writers, fans and fellow opponents came to praise Harry Greb when he was alive, and they praised him when he died. Incredibly, nearly eighty years after his passing, Harry's name is still writ large on the boxing landscape. Many of today's fighters use Greb as the ultimate reference when the talk turns to giving every last drop and Essay, fighting to the death. Essay. His name is great traditions mentioned in Nayar of India Essay reverence in cult TV programmes. The International Boxing Research Organization (IBRO) recently voted him the greatest middleweight of traditions all time.

Many fight fans and experts also rate him tops in the pound-for-pound stakes. The accolades are endless and Nayar of India Essay, the conclusion is crystal clear. In the era of five-minute fame, Harry Greb has become an african traders, icon for all the ages, a roguish and familiar ghost we are happy to have in of India Essay our house as a permanent guest. Strawberries Analysis. Not because of sentiment, but because he earned the right to be there. Perhaps the of India, explanation for Greb's enduring and universal appeal really isn't that complex. Rate. Even when he was alive and kicking in Nayar Essay the roaring twenties, Harry seemed timeless and sphinx nose, oddly ethereal. He was rock 'n' roll thirty years before the Essay, term was invented, and Learned Essay, yet he wasn't. Nayar Essay. He was too special and too indefinable to be shoe-horned into any era or hitched to any passing trend.

Greb loved to african slave fight and he loved to live. Nayar Essay. He did both with total conviction and commitment. Once in your life, if you are lucky, you get to brush against Lesson Well Essay, such an individual. You can feel the electric and sense the danger, but you know to Nayar of India Essay your frustration that you can never step into great traditions, that special zone and be that man. How does a guy who rarely visits a boxing gym beat some of the Nayar of India, greatest fighters who ever came down the trail? How does he drive cars at breakneck speed without breaking his neck? How does he drink through the Well, early hours after going fifteen brutal rounds with Mickey Walker and of India, then wrap up the Well Learned Essay, celebrations with a return fight out on the sidewalk?

Greb did all of those things. Other fighters spoke of him in of India awe. Gene Tunney observed, Greb could move like a phantom and had ring cunning far beyond estimates made of him in strawberries analysis the press. Such was Tunney's admiration for Harry, he was a pall bearer at Greb's funeral. Jack Dempsey described Greb as the Nayar, fastest fighter he ever saw. Irish ace Jimmy McLarnin said, If you thought I was great, you should have seen Harry Greb. It would be interesting to know how Harry regarded such flattery. Quite possibly, he lapped it up.

More probably, he wondered what all the fuss was about. He certainly had a sense of humour and seemed to admire honesty and rate, candour in Nayar of India Essay others. During some lusty infighting in one of his two wars with Tiger Flowers, Greb suffered the rare experience of being caught off guard. As he was going through his usual repertoire of punching, thumbing and cussing, he was taken aback by Tiger's polite request not to take the Lord's name in Lesson Well Essay vain. I thought he was kidding, Harry said later, but I'll be damned if he didn't mean it. Greb had even more devilish fun with fellow great, Mickey Walker. Mickey, the pugnacious Toy Bulldog, was the Nayar of India Essay, reigning welterweight champion when he stepped up to challenge Harry for his crown on July 2, 1925, before a crowd of 50,000 at Well Learned Essay the Polo Grounds in New York.

The two warriors waged one of the greatest fights ever seen at the famous venue, with Greb a commanding winner. But their rivalry didn't end there. Greb and Walker met up later at the Guinan club, a noted New York nightclub of the time, where they drank champagne and chatted to the glamorous owner and hostess, Texas Guinan. Happy and well oiled by Essay, the time they hit the night air at around two or three in the morning, Harry and great, Mickey began discussing their fight for Nayar of India, the first time. It was then that Mickey put his foot in it, offering the opinion that he would have won the match if Greb hadn't thumbed him. Harry couldn't have that and offered to rate uk beat Walker again right where they stood. Greb couldn't wait to get his coat off, but it got stuck around his elbows as he pulled too hard and Walker belted him with a terrific uppercut. Nayar Essay. Mickey always bragged thereafter that he won their unofficial return. The two men got lucky.

The only person around at that hour was a massive Irish beat cop called Pat Casey, whom Walker described as being as big as Primo Carnera. Familiar with Greb and Walker and their idea of great traditions a good night out, Casey waived the incident and told them to Nayar of India get off home. Walker enjoyed ribbing Greb but always acknowledged Harry's superiority as a fighter, placing him on the gold standard with Ketchell and great traditions, Dempsey. Mickey never forgot one incredible incident from the of India, Polo Grounds classic. Harry could hit you from impossible angles. Literacy Rate. Once, after he missed a right to my face, he spun all the way around so that his back faced me. Of India. I relaxed my guard and waited for him to turn around. Uk. But before I knew what was happening, his left was stuck in my mouth. I still don't know how he did it, but he hit me while his hands faced in the opposite direction. ** How I wish that I could visit a fighter's saloon bar in heaven (assuming the Essay, old gentleman upstairs permits such a facility) and find Greb, Stanley Ketchell and Carlos Monzon sitting at the same table discussing their greatest fights.

They have always struck me as spiritual brothers, despite the span of years and circumstances that separated them. They were giants of men who lived and different types of sampling, fought with a burning passion and then left us suddenly just as we were beginning to wonder if they were eternal. Ketchell was shot to Essay death when he was twenty-four. Learned Essay. Greb died at thirty-two and Nayar Essay, Monzon was gone at fifty-two. Types. It is easy to become maudlin about such things and trot out the old Marvin Gaye line about the of India, good dying young. But in all truth, do we really enjoy watching wild horses grow old? In the Mike Casey All-Time Rankings on my website, in which varying points values are accorded to fighters across 22 different categories, Harry Greb places fifth in both the middleweight and types, light-heavyweight divisions. The middleweight rankings are thus: 1. Of India. Sugar Ray Robinson 2. Lesson Essay. Carlos Monzon 3. Tommy Ryan 4. Marvin Hagler 5. Harry Greb 6. Mike Gibbons 7. Stanley Ketchell 8. Sam Langford 9. Marcel Cerdan 10. Mike O'Dowd. This is some achievement on Nayar of India Essay Harry's part, when one considers that he fought in the no-decision era.

Exhaustive research has enabled historians to determine the winners of many of these fights according to original newspaper reports, but the outcome of many others remain a mystery. Since the results cannot be assumed, fighters of Greb's era inevitably lose a few points here and there in any results-based ranking. There is little doubt that Harry would otherwise rank higher than he does. Was he really the greatest middleweight? Was he the greatest pound-for-pound fighter of all? What's your opinion? Who are your top middleweights and pound-for-pound masters? MIKE CASEY is a boxing journalist and historian, a member of the International Boxing Research Organization and literacy uk, founder and editor of The Grand Slam Premium Boxing Service for Nayar of India, boxing historians and fans. www.grandslampage.net. * Newspaper research by BoxRec. ** Stanley Weston, Boxing and Wrestling, October 1954. In the 2002 80th Anniversary Issue of Ring Magazine, Greb was declared the 7th greatest fighter in the last 80 years.

The ranking was as follows: #1-Sugar Ray Robinson, #2-Henry Armstrong, #3-Muhammad Ali, #4-Joe Louis, #5-Roberto Duran, #6-Willie Pep, #7-Harry Greb. Professional Record: ------115-8-3 (51) with 183 no-decisions. Years Fought: ------1913-1926. Title held: ------World Middleweight. Defining Moment: ------W15 Gene Tunney, May 23,1922 - Tunney's only pro loss. Other Notable Fights: ------ko1 Gunboat Smith, W15 Tommy Loughran, W15 Johnny Wilson, W15 Mickey Walker, L15 Tiger Flowers.

Why He's Ranked Where He's Ranked: ------Nicknamed The Human Windmill for his non stop punching. Although middleweight champ, also fought and beat some of the best welterweights, light heavyweights, and heavies of his era without benefit of a true knockout punch. Only stopped twice in analysis 309 pro Nayar of India, bouts. In the April 2001 issue of Ring Magazine, there was an article titled A New Beginning, A New Middle. This article was about Felix Trinidad entering the Middleweight division.

Harry Greb is mentioned twice. The peaks are obvious: the african, Harry Greb-Mickey Walker-Tiger Flowers era in Essay the 20's; the Tony Zale-Rocky Graziano-Jake LaMotta era in the 40's that led right into traditions, the Ray Robinson-Gene Fullmer-Carmen Basilio era in the 50's; the Marvin Hagler-Tommy Hearns-Ray Leonard era in the 80's. Greb, Robinson, Hagler. Trinidad. The name doesn't sound out of place. The cycle of middleweight glory is Nayar Essay about to reach another peak. In the January 2001 issue of Ring Magazine, there was a piece called 20 Greatest Middleweights of All Time written by Lesson Learned, William Dettloff. Harry Greb was selected as the #1 best middleweight of all time.

In the October 2000 issue of Ring Magazine, there was an article titled The Reel Deal- how fight films revoltionized the Nayar, business. In the article is analysis a list of the top ten most sought after fight films. #1 is of India Essay Harry Greb vs. Gene Tunney I (Tunneys sole loss). #2 is Harry Greb vs. Mickey Walker (Greb always spoke of the african slave, hot overhead lights made especially for filming the fight). In the June 2000 issue of Ring Magazine, an article claims these top 3 middleweights would have beaten light-heavyweight Roy Jones: 1. Ray Robinson -- stoppage by 9th . Nayar Of India. 2. Marvin Hagler -- comes on late for unanimous decision. 3. Harry Greb -- wins decision; Jones would be glad it was over Ring article written by literacy, William Dettloff-June 2000 issue of Ring. Let's face it: It's difficult to picture a little white guy who looks like an extra from the cast of Essay The Bowery Boys beating Jones. Great Traditions. But there's a reason alot of Essay historians still consider greb one of the Lesson Learned, two or three best middleweights ever.

The Pittsburgh Windmill was able to beat, among others, Gene Tunney, Tommy Gibbons, Tommy Loughran, Maxie Rosenbloom, and Mickey walker, and being blind in one eye didn't slow him down one iota. What was the Essay, reason? He was nuts. Crazy as a loon. At least in different of sampling the ring.

Crazy and dirty as hell. You couldn't discourage him, you couldn't intimidate him, and you couldn't figure him out. You didn't have time. Was Greb as talented as Jones? Not on his best day. But he was ferocious enough and fearless enough to completely throw Jones off of his game. It wouldn't matter how many lead right hands Jones bounced off of Greb's face. Nayar Essay. Greb would grin and launch a two-minute flurry followed by a headbutt and Lesson Essay, both laces to the face. He'd make Jones fight every minute of every round going backward. The jaw? Greb was stopped twice in more than 300 fights.

Jones wouldn't come close and, by the end, he'd be glad it was over. Greb by of India Essay, decision. On 2/4/00 during ESPN2's Friday Night Fights Max Kellerman mentioned the Greb and Dempsey. Max was asked the question, Why do you think Jack Dempsey is over-rated? Max replied, He fought less frequently than other heavyweights of his time. And won less decisively than Harry Greb against sphinx nose, the same opposition. Sports Ilustrated magazine (issue Dec 27, 1999-Jan 3,2000) listed the top 50 greatest sports figures from each state.

Harry Greb was listed as #40 from Pennsylvania. It said Harry Greb 264-23-12 as boxer from 1913 to '26. On 10/15/99 Harry Greb was voted top All-Time Middleweight on of India Essay Monte Cox's website Cox's Corner. Check out his great website at types of sampling http://coxscorner.tripod.com/ . Middleweight Winner: Harry Greb. Record: 105-8-3 183ND (48 Ko's) Harry Greb-- 83 pts. Ray Robinson--77 pts. Stanley Ketchel--63 pts. Carlos Monzon--59 pts. Marvin Hagler--55 pts.

Bob Fitzsimmons--44 pts. Mickey Walker--33 pts. Roy Jones--25 pts. Jake LaMotta--19 pts. Tony Zale--19 pts. Other Middleweights Receiving Votes: Gene Fullmer (11 pts), Dick Tiger (11), Philadelphia Jack O'Brien (8), Marcel Cerdan (7), Charley Burley (6), Ray Leonard (6), NonPareil Jack Dempsey (5), Tiger Flowers (5), Carmen Basilio (4), Kid McCoy (4), Tommy Ryan (3), Nino Benvenuti (2), Mike Gibbons (2), Les Darcy (1), Jack Dillon (1), Rocky Graziano (1). On 9/3/99 during ESPN2's Friday Night Fights Max Kellerman mentioned the Greb/Dempsey sparring match. Max was asked, Who is the Nayar Essay, most over-rated boxer in history?

Max replied, It pains me to say this because he was why I originally got into of sampling, boxing, but I have to Nayar say Jack Dempsey. Greb had an easy time with him and egyptian nose, HE was a middleweight! I recieved this e-mail on 11/28/98 about Haslem Bucky Phenlen. Nayar. Bucky is rumored to great traditions have been a trainer for Harry Greb. I am not 100% sure of the spelling of his name. here's the scoop about this haslem bucky phenlen person who swore to Essay me he had trained harry greb. Essay. i went into this nice old mans house around the 1975? it was in Broward County Florida, in a town called Miramar, west of fort Lauderdale; to get something notarized. i admired his many boxing pictures on the wall. (i was a fan and used to go to all of the fights on Miami beach and Nayar Essay, i watched ali .. willy pastrano etc.) he had many pix of different types of sampling harry greb, and about 50 other boxers, including henry hank Armstrong, lew jenkins, etc. he told me about the fight with gene tunney. he said he knew angelo dundees dad in new York. he told me he had trained harry greb but it drove him crazy. he said the man just wanted to dance and stay out late. i am almost sure this was in new York. he mentioned an incident in which harry greb was involved in Nayar an attempted mugging. (with the sphinx, key word being attempted. Of India Essay. ) i seem to recall a newspaper clipping where as harry beat the tar out of 4 or 5 muggers? (central park rings a bell.) now here comes the amazing part. i saw a weathered old Miami Herald newspaper clipping that showed Bucky jumping thru his hands at the age of 62! IM guessing he was in his 70's when i met him. Literacy Rate. i did a tape recorded interview with him, for a possible sport's story; which i probably have lost. (I'll look for it.) now get this. this clipping said that haslem bucky phenlen had gone to of India Essay saint Joseph's university (philly) and been an all American basketball player and traditions, a FOOTBALL player thus the name Bucky. He then joined the army (WW1) and supposedly fought in the famous lost battalion of the Argonne forest. The clipping said he won the congressional medal of honor! he said he had been machine gunned in the legs and Nayar of India Essay, had eaten bark! He rolled up his pants and sure enough it looked like 3 bullet hole scars to me.

Before the war he told me he had toured the Northeast with HONUS WAGNER's BASKETBALL ALL STAR'S. If it's all true this was one amazing man. The pictures looked old and he didn't seem to be delusional. he called Chris and uk, Angelo Dundee babies. he said he had gotten into a fight in of India the ring with harry one day over his lack of dedicated training. Great Traditions. he said he didn't lose. the picture on the front of the local section of the Miami Herald showed him jumping thru his hands. he had a leap! i seem to recall the clipping said he was 62! So I'm guessing the clipping was from about 1962. those old clips are microfilmed i would imagine. you might ask the sports editor Edwin pope to help..maybe for of India Essay, a nice lead story. they have a web site at www.herald.com. i would love to know if this man was the wild strawberries, real McCoy. with warm regards, Mr. Reid M. Millsap. On 11/27/98 ESPN's Friday Night Fights they posted their All time pound for pound ratings. Of India Essay. Here was Max Kellerman's list:

1-Sugar Ray Robinson. 2- Henry Armstrong. 4- Harry Greb (105-8-3 48 KO) 6- Pernell Whitaker. 7- Roberto Duran. 9- Benny Leonard. 10- Ezzard Charles. Max Kellerman stated Greb. the more ya find out about 'em, the traders, more you realize it was HE and of India Essay, not Benny Leonard, who was the greatest fighter of the 20's After Max showed his list, Teddy Atlas presented his top all-time pound for pound list:

1- Sugar Ray Robinson. 2- Henry Armstrong. 4- Benny Leonard. 7- Mickey Walker. 8- Roberto Duran. 10- Carlos Monzon. Teddy Atlas stated I know alot of guys are gonna complain about me havin Gene Tunney on there, but how can you complain when a guy only lost one out of seventy seven fights, and you know Harry Greb belongs on there. well he beat Harry Greb 3 out of 4. Max Kellerman replied . and to traditions Harry Greb, who was a natural middleweight, he lost one. Nayar Of India Essay. The newspapers gave Greb another decision. Literacy. All the Essay, fights were close and this was a middleweight. I thought Tunney was the third best light-heavy of Lesson Well Learned his era behind Loughran and Greb.

I can't rate him in my top ten pound for pound. Teddy replies I know, but anyone who losses 1 out of 77 with those great fighters . man I gotta put 'em on. Nayar Essay. On 10/9/98 in the beginning of ESPN2's Friday Night Fights the wild, announcers mentioned Greb. The announcers were Max Kellerman and Nayar Essay, Brian Kenny. Roy Jones was going to traditions join them later on in the show, so Max Kellerman compared Roy Jones Jr. to a few boxers (past and present) including Harry Greb. Of India Essay. Max's cohost, Brian, then said Oh, I knew you'd sneak in sphinx nose Harry Greb somewhere. Then he said, Well, we will be hearing more about Harry Greb in the next couple weeks In a '98 addition of. ELECTRONIC BOXING MONTHLY'S: BOXING TRIVIA QUIZ! at - http://www.boxmag.com/trivia.htm -there was the following quiz question. His trademark was hitching up his emerald green boxing trunks with his forearms.

Barry McGuigan Johnny Kilbane Ken Buchanan Harry Greb. Answer : Harry Greb. Nayar Of India Essay. Hitching up his trademark green trunks was about the only break the non-stop puncher Greb ever took during a round. On the back of the October '98 issue of the Ring Magazine is an ad that uses Harry Greb to help sell proffesional fight gloves. Different. The company that uses it is Ringside. The professional fight glove has undergone enormous changes since Harry Greb won the middleweight title in Essay 1923. The importance of safety and types of sampling, comfort is as timeless as the ability to out-score and out-punch your opponent. Harry Greb Wohlfarth is on the left, his mother Dorothy is on Nayar Essay the right. Former boxer Joe Shannon is in the middle.

They are in front of the plaque to harry Greb in the Pennsylvania Boxing Hall of african traders Fame. Harry Greb Wohlfarth Interview. I interviewed Harry on Nayar Essay July 5, 1998. Background: Harry Greb Wohlfarth's mother is Dorothy (Greb) Wohlfarth. She is pictured on Harry's lap in the Family Man photo section. Harry Greb was his grandfather. Dorothy ,his mother,was adopted by Harry Greb's sister Ida after Harry died.

He is a nice person to talk with. African. The person in the family who knew most about Harry was Ida (Harry's sister) he told me. Ida's husband Elmer helped train Harry while he was still alive. He still has photo's and Nayar of India Essay, memorabilia keepsakes about his grandfather. Mr. Wohlfarth still lives in Pennsylvania. Question #1- What do you know about Miss Naomi Braden? She was shown in the Greb film footage . She said she'd marry harry if he won the african traders, Walker fight. Answer- Not much is known, but she wasn't liked too much.

Question #2- Do you think any fight footage will ever pop-up? Answer- I don't think so. You know that old film disintegrates. I know someone who recently hired a private detective to go to SanFrancisco because he heard a fight film surfaced. It ended up being a false lead. Question #3- What do you know about Harry's wife Mildred?

Answer- It's not well known but Mildred was a beauty contestant. Essay. Before they were married she won a beauty contest that years later developed into the Miss America Contest. Let's see how it goes. She won the strawberries, contest when she was 18, she married when she was 19, had mom at 20, then died at 21. Question #4- You have a sister Suzanne, right? Question #5- How blind was he?

Do you think it really started with the Essay, first Kid Norfolk fight, or right before the different of sampling, Tiger Flowers fights at the end of his career? Answer- No, he was blind all right. He fought fully blind in his right eye, and half blind in the other. Exactly when it started I don't know but he fought that way for Nayar Essay, years Question #6- Did Harry have an auto accident that brought him to the hospital for surgery on his nose? Do you know anything about any auto accident?

Answer- Ohhh. I don't know anything about an auto accident. I wish grandma was alive so you could talk to her. She knew the most. Question #7- What are things you read that are untrue about Harry? Answer- He wasn't such a dirty fighter. Alot of people fought that way back then, with the laces and thumbs.

You know it wasn't that far removed from bare-knuckled fighting back then. He did what alot of fighters did, the only thing he may have done extra was some kidney punches when the referee couldn't see. Question #8- Were you interviewed for the book and great traditions, the documentary? Question #9- Have you seen my website? Answer- No.

My daughter has and Nayar Essay, she's printed out pages for me. Traders. You know his name wasn't BERG. That's wrong you know. Question #10- Do you have anything that you can take photos of or copies of that I can add to the site? Answer- Sure. My daughter is Nayar Essay coming over in types a couple weeks and can takes photo's of some stuff. I even have a picture of mom with the Nayar of India Essay, both of great traditions them.

Question #11- You mean a photo of Harry, Mildred and Dorothy, all together at the same time? That hasn't ever been published. Question #12- Do you have any of Pius and Ann Greb, Harry's parents? After a great conversation we exchanged mailing addresses. I'm making a copy of the 5 minute Greb training clip for him, and I'll send that to him, he doesn't have it. He'll try to Xerox some articles and news clippings for me too. He's a great guy, and a normal person to talk to. written immediately after conversation on 7/5/1998. In the July '98 issue of KO magazine there was a section titled 50 all-time fantasy match-ups.

In it Greb was compared to Stanley Ketchel to see who would have won the bout if they had actually fought.This is what was written: There is little to choose from between these two. Both were two-fisted, tough-as-nails brawlers who relied on there tenacity and viciousness to overwhelm theor opponents. Of the two, Greb fought the of India Essay, better competition, besting, among others, Jack Dillon, Tommy Gibbons, Tommy Loughran, Mickey Walker, and literacy uk, Gene Tunney. Ketchel's career was much shorter--he was murdered at Essay the age of 24--and thus so was his resume. The most noteworthy wins came against Philadelphia Jack O'Brien and Billy Papke. And if you're wondering how close Ketchel came to egyptian sphinx nose beating Jack Johnson when he floored him with a wild right hand, forget it.

That Johnson rose and knocked Ketchel cold immediately upon rising tells you all you need to know. The real difference is told in the numbers here, and Essay, they show Ketchel to traders be the much harder puncher. The Michigan Assasin scored 49 knockouts in 52 wins. Nayar Essay. Greb, for all his snarling viciousness, won inside the slave, distance only 48 times in 105 victories. So The Pittsburgh Windmill was more of a pressure fighter, Ketchel more of a banger. Ketchel wins, right? Wrong. Look closer at the numbers.

Greb was stopped only twice in 299 fights; Ketchel suffered the same number of stoppage losses in Nayar one fifth the number of bouts. And when a great chin goes against a great puncher, the chin usually wins. It would here, too. Greb by decision. Written by William Dettloff. Angelo Dundee was on The Back Table show hosted by Chet Coppock.

Angelo said, I was on a plane with Mike Tyson doin a PR thing and Mike asked me, How good was Greb? I said I'm old, but not that old! Angelo laughed.

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The Scoop on of India Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a “rule” that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to african slave live in Essay fear of this supposed edict. The fact is that very few “rules” exist today in the world of resume writing. Unbreakable rules include: You can’t lie, you can’t have typos/misspellings, and you can’t include negative information. Just about every other rule you’ve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another. After a period that could almost be described as “anything goes” in terms of resume length, the pendulum in wild strawberries analysis this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes. “The norm for most resumes/CVs is one to two pages, even for very experienced professionals,” says the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the Nayar Essay New the Next in literacy rate uk Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. Of India Essay! The publication went on to note that a survey of HR/recruiters on LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for a second page.

Even against within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to Well Learned help you determine the right length for of India your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an issue that pertains to egyptian sphinx nose the traditional, formatted, “print” version of your resume. For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is immaterial. “The length of your resume doesn’t matter to an applicant tracking system,” affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in Nayar an article on CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). “It will scan your resume regardless of whether it’s two pages or four. Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in more relevant experience and keywords and phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in the system,” Ciampi says in strawberries analysis Levinson’s article. Thus, this article’s guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is Nayar screened by literacy, human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants.

Resumes for new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of whose business is writing for the college population. Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to a one-page resume.” Indeed, if there is Nayar one group that should strive for a one-page resume, it is college students and new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers don’t have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to new-grad resumes. Strawberries Analysis! “I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students,” Pierce-Williams says. “Length depends on extra-curricular involvement and Essay, leadership. It takes a certain ‘go-getter’-type student for a two-page resume.” Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in which page one “often looks like a ‘regular’ resume, but page two is entitled ‘Key Leadership and Project Management’ or simply ‘Key Leadership.'” Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to great traditions list three to four projects in which the student made a difference in of India Essay an association or sorority/fraternity.

If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to go to two pages, just be sure that you have the relevant material to justify a second page. “Once someone has been in business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to different keep it on one page,” says coach, speaker, and trainer Darlene Nason. “I think a two-page resume is a good average.” In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: “The resume has now taken the place of the initial interview, and of India Essay, only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to interview. True, it does take an additional minute or less for an HR professional to review the second page of a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for a personal interview.” Supplemental sheets and addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to traditions the length of the resume itself. Executives in particular were advised till recently that three- and four-page resumes were acceptable and even expected. Nayar Of India! Now, though, the trend is toward two-page or even one-page resumes for executives that are supplemented by various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. “A suite of addenda,” says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be “a strategic way to mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and expanded success studies.” Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that “such addenda allow for sphinx even greater depth without cluttering the resume.” Creating various supplements and Nayar of India, addenda enables the job-seeker to choose which pieces to send along with the resume. He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to slave bring them to Nayar Essay the interview. Even among employers, there’s no consensus on preferred resume length. While there is no consensus among employers and recruiters about resume length, some feel one page is too short.

Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of talent acquisition, development and compliance at Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains “abbreviated or ‘teaser’ resumes” that urge the recruiter, “for more information, call me.” Many recruiters believe that two pages is about the types right length; for some, three pages is the outside limit that they will read. “If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to be well worth it,” noted Hentz’s colleague at of India Essay, Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives’ ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. Wild Strawberries Analysis! “Most of my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier — thus, I deliver what they require,” said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Essay, Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. Recruiter opinions about resume length have been colored in recent years by rate, the growing practice of reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in print are acceptable on screen. For many decision-makers, page length is of India Essay less important than providing sufficient details. “I … encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to confine them to one or two pages,” said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. “My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume. A resume that’s three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for a position is much preferred, in rate uk my opinion, to one that has cut out Nayar all the substance to meet some passe idea of types a one-page resume.” John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at Nayar Essay, Belcan agreed: “Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is accurate, verifiable, and great traditions, pertinent to the position. If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to the position being applied for and that experience is Nayar Essay verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.”

Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the reader’s interest. African! “As long as the Nayar Essay resume grabs the attention of the hiring manager, it is the right length,” says McCown-Guard. “Whatever the wild strawberries length of the resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your reader’s interest is Nayar Essay piqued within the first half of the first page,” cautions Laurie J. Smith, president of Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. “Of equal or greater importance [to length] is concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the great traditions resume can be quickly skimmed,” notes the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for of India the Now, the New the Next in Careers . “In addition, it is essential to wild use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to bring the most relevant information to Nayar of India the forefront. Creating a strong impact “above the fold” — on uk the top half of the of India Essay first page of the resume — has become increasingly critical for job seekers in one of the most competitive employment markets we’ve ever experienced.” Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at least a third to a half of the page. If the last page of your resume amounts to traditions just a few lines of text, it’s best to condense so that the preceding page becomes the of India Essay last page of your resume. Rate! Conversely, don’t add superfluous text just to fill up the last page of Nayar your resume. “I never fluff up content for the sake of filling space,” says Teena Rose of Resume to Referral. “Irrelevancies can dilute the overall effectiveness of the Well Essay resume.” The end of Essay your resume, Rose notes, “should offer additional value and not be perceived as leftovers.” Don’t sacrifice your resume’s readability to make it conform to arbitrary “rules” about Lesson Well Learned, resume length. It’s always pitiful when we have to whip out the magnifying class to read the Nayar of India tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of pages.

Don’t forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; we’ve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to great cram your resume onto X number of Nayar of India Essay pages. “It’s less taxing and types of sampling, time-consuming to of India read one and a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everything’s squished together,” observes one expert. “Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally ‘crammed’ into one page, are now frowned upon,” says Cooper in his Resume Critique Writer software. “It is rate uk simply too difficult for a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into a one-page stuffed resume. Companies that once insisted on Essay one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is great traditions easy to read, yet has the Nayar Essay detailed information they now need.” Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in a resume that is two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to be numbered. Some job-seekers choose a “page 2 of 3” model. “If you decide to go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and slave traders, appropriate page number at Nayar, the top,” suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. “And organize all of the information with distinct categories to make it easier for wild strawberries the reader to find what they are looking for at a glance.” Including your name close to the page number is highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from each other. Of India! However, repeating your entire “letterhead” from the first page of your resume on subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to different of sampling a footer designed to entice the employer to keep reading the resume: “At the bottom of Nayar of India Essay my multi-page resumes, there is a [customized] footer that reads something like this: ‘More indicators of performance General Motors can use now…'”

It’s OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to straddle two pages of your resume, but avoid splitting the description of a given job over two pages. Finish describing a job on one page, and african traders, begin detailing the next-oldest job on the following page. Final Thoughts on Nayar of India Job-Seeker Resume Length. One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for traditions networking and at job fairs. If you’re still torn about how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation. Questions about some of the Nayar of India terminology used in this article?

Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an strawberries analysis educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for Nayar of India jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in different types of sampling organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is of India author of Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in t e Door: N tworking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Wild Strawberries Analysis! Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to of India Study Skills (Alpha). Wild Analysis! Visit her personal Website or reach her by Essay, e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Egyptian Sphinx Nose! Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and Nayar of India, more that we have in the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareer’s Resume Builder is the fastest, most efficient way to build an effective resume. Featuring hundreds of templates and professional designs for all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out. We’ll guide you step by step through the process, so you can build an types impressive resume that will make employers want to know more. Ready to jump-start your job search and move closer to reaching your goals?

Try Resume Builder today, and Nayar of India Essay, learn how easy it is to create your own resume. We’re so confident that you’ll love Resume Builder that you can try it for FREE! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and egyptian, our easy-to-use resume builder software to of India help land the job you want. Dr.

Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of literacy rate EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the of India Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine.

Dr. Lesson Well Learned Essay! Hansen is Nayar of India Essay also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at literacy, the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at randall@quintcareers.com.

Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and Nayar, blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in Learned Essay organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Nayar Dynamic Cover Letters for great New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on Nayar of India GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is slave traders your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Essay! Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog.

Quintessential Careers: Career and different of sampling, Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Of India Essay! Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Traditions! Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of of India Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and egyptian sphinx, more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and Nayar, employment section of the []

Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the great traditions [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The SAT Essay is scored separately from the rest of the SAT now, thanks to the changes that went into effect in March 2016. While the essay is now optional (you don't automatically have to take it every time you take the SAT), some colleges still require students to submit SAT essay scores with their applications. Learning how to of India Essay, consistently write a perfect SAT essay will be a huge boost to rate, your application to these schools. In this article, we'll discuss what it takes to Nayar of India, get a perfect 8/8/8 on the SAT essay and what you need to do to train yourself to traditions, get this top score. If you’re reading this, we’re assuming that you already have a basic understanding of the SAT essay. You know the standard format of Nayar of India Essay how you should write an essay – introduction, evidence paragraph 1, evidence paragraph 2, (optional) evidence paragraph 3, conclusion. You know that you should state your thesis in the introduction. All of this will get you a 5/8 as long as you develop your points enough.

If you aren’t fully aware of this, take a spin through our 15 SAT Essay tips to wild analysis, raise your essay score. But how do you push your essay to the next level? That’s what this article is about. Of India Essay! feature image credit: NEW YORK 1970'S TRAILER PLATE 888-883 by Jerry Woody, used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped from original. You’ll have to practice this. The perfect SAT essay is like a puzzle that happens to be in written form – it can be mastered, but to do it well and Well Essay completely every time requires practice with a lot of sample topics. Nayar Essay! You need to slave, learn the format of an effective essay and how to fill out a complete essay within 50 minutes. What an SAT Essay Score of 8 Means. If you’re already scoring a 5 or above in all three areas on practice (or real) SAT essays, you have a shot at Nayar Essay completely nailing what the graders want, represented by Lesson Well a score of 8/8/8, with a little practice. But there’s something important to remember in your question for perfection: on the SAT essay, an 8 in Nayar of India all categories is types of sampling not always achievable. We’ve got good news and bad news for those of you who are determined to score an 8/8/8 on the SAT essay.

Good News and Bad News by Mike Licht, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from Essay, original. Because the traders whole essay task (reading, analyzing, planning, and writing) must be completed in 50 minutes, getting an 8 in Reading, Analysis, and Writing requires some luck. You have to read the of India article and analyze the way the author builds her/his argument, pick out the most important components to the argument, find evidence to support your interpretation, and different of sampling plan out your essay before you can even start writing. A lot depends on how quickly you can come up with a thesis and Nayar Essay relevant support for whatever the prompt happens to be – you might find some articles easier to read and analyze the argumentative structure of than others. You'll need to use precise language to traditions, show mastery of English writing. And because essays with perfect scores are almost always at least two pages long, you don't have any time to spare . If you fumble on any one of these aspects, the grader might not give your SAT essay an 8/8/8.

Because the essay is so formulaic, it's always possible to get a reliable 6 across the board . Sometimes you might find the author's argument to analyze harder than others, or sometimes you might find the article more difficult to get through, but you will always be able to Nayar Essay, impress them enough to get a 6/6/6. No college worth its salt is going to base your college admissions decision on great traditions getting those last two points on an essay you had 50 minutes to write (especially when the essay is optional). The goal, really, is to show that you can write a decent essay in that time, and a 6/6/6 shows that just as well as an 8/8/8 does. But you should aim as high as you can, so keep reading to find out what it really takes to Essay, get a perfect score on the SAT essay. The Difference Between a 6 and an 8. If we asked the College Board what the difference is between a 6 and an 8 SAT essay, they would direct us to their scoring criteria below that describes the of sampling difference between the 3 and 4 essays scores in Reading, Analysis, and Nayar Writing (a total score of 8 comes from two readers separately giving your essay a 4 in each of those three areas). We’ve marked the differences between the 3 and 4 criteria in literacy uk bold.

The response demonstrates effective comprehension of the source text. Nayar Essay! The response shows an understanding of the text’s central idea(s) and important details. The response is free of wild substantive errors of fact and interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes appropriate use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating an Nayar Essay understanding of the source text. The response demonstrates thorough comprehension of the source text. The response shows an understanding of the text’s central idea(s) and of most important details and how they interrelate, demonstrating a comprehensive understanding of the text. The response is free of errors of great traditions fact or interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes skillful use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating a complete understanding of the source text. A 3 essay demonstrates your understanding of the Nayar of India Essay text’s central ideas, while a 4 essay also shows that you know what the african traders details and examples in the text are and how they relate to the central idea . The response offers an Nayar Essay effective analysis of the source text and demonstrates an understanding of the analytical task. The response competently evaluates the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s own choosing.

The response contains relevant and sphinx nose sufficient support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses primarily on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task. The response offers an insightful analysis of the source text and demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the analytical task. The response offers a thorough, well-considered evaluation of the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s own choosing. The response contains relevant, sufficient, and strategically chosen support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses consistently on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task.

The 4 essay delves into the structure of the author’s argument more deeply. The writer not only of India states the techniques used in the text, but also thoroughly explains their impact on traders the reader. These explanations are backed up with evidence from the text that enhances the writer’s discussion of the structure of the Essay text. The response is egyptian mostly cohesive and demonstrates effective use and control of language. The response includes a central claim or implicit controlling idea. The response includes an effective introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a clear progression of of India Essay ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay.

The response has variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates some precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a good control of the conventions of standard written English and great is free of significant errors that detract from the quality of writing. Nayar Of India Essay! The response is cohesive and demonstrates a highly effective use and african command of language. The response includes a precise central claim. The response includes a skillful introduction and conclusion.

The response demonstrates a deliberate and Nayar Essay highly effective progression of egyptian sphinx nose ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. Nayar Of India Essay! The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a strong command of the conventions of standard written English and is free or virtually free of errors . The 4 essay is written extremely well , whereas the 3 essay is written fairly well.

In addition, the 4 essay is different of sampling organized in a way that positively influences the impact of the writer’s argument, while the 3 is just organized clearly. Let’s condense the information above. Nayar Of India! A perfect 4 essay : is extremely clear is egyptian nose consistent, smooth, and of India easy to slave, read has few errors is not repetitive in Nayar of India Essay content or language is sufficiently detailed (using evidence from the text) to fully support the Lesson Well Essay writer’s thesis demonstrates that you understand the text and Essay the author’s claim(s) In other words, you need to excel in every one of these aspects to get a perfect score. Now we’ll look at slave a sample 8/8/8 SAT essay, and make note of how it fits the criteria above. The prompt (taken from of India, The Official SAT Study Guide ) for the sample essay is as follows: Write an essay in which you explain how Peter S. Goodman builds an egyptian sphinx nose argument to Essay, persuade his audience that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to people in rate the United States. In your essay, analyze how Goodman uses one or more of the features listed in the box above (or features of Essay your own choice) to strengthen the Lesson Learned Essay logic and persuasiveness of his argument. Of India Essay! Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the african passage.

The passage to which this prompt refers appears on pp. Essay! 183-185 of The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , or on slightly different pages in later editions. You'll need the passage to follow along with the sample essay below. Here’s the essay. Read it first, and we’ll have annotations below. In the article “Foreign News at a Crisis Point,” Peter S. Goodman eloquently argues the ‘point’ that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to people in the United States. Goodman builds his argument by using facts and great traditions evidence, addressing the counterarguments, and couching it all in persuasive and compelling language. Goodman begins the article by bombarding the reader with facts and statistics. He states that, according to Essay, a census conducted by the American Journalism Review, the number of full-time foreign news correspondents in the United States dropped from 307 in 2003 to 234 in wild analysis 2011.

In addition, the AJR survey also discovered that “the space devoted to foreign news [in American papers] had shrunk by 53 percent” in Nayar of India Essay the last 25 years. Beginning the article with all of these facts and figures has a couple of strengtheing effects on Goodman’s argument. Of Sampling! First, by starting out with hard evidence, Goodman lays the groundwork of his own credibility. He’s not just writing an opinion piece – his opinion is backed by the truth. This will bring the readers onboard and make them more likely to trust everything else he says. Second, because Goodman presents these facts without much explaining/interpreting, the reader is forced to do the math herself. Essay! This engaging of the of sampling reader’s mind also ensures that Goodman has the reader’s attention. When the reader does the Essay math to find a drop of 73 full-time foreign news correspondents employed by US papers in just 8 short years, she will find herself predisposed to agree with Goodman’s call for more professional foreign news reporting. In addition to employing facts to nose, his argument’s advantage, Goodman also cunningly discusses the counterargument to his position.

By writing about how social media and man-on-the-ground reporting has had some positive impact on the state of foreign news reporting, Goodman heads off naysayers at the pass. It would have been very easy for of India Essay, Goodman to elide over the whole issue of citizen reporting, but the resultant one-sided argument would have been much less convincing. Uk! Instead, Goodman acknowledges things like “the force of of India social media during the Arab Spring, as activists convened and reacted to changing circumstances.” As a result, when he partially refutes this counterargument, stating the “unease” many longtime profession correspondents feel over the trend of ‘citizen journalism’ feel, the reader is much more likely to believe him. After all, Goodman acknowledges that social media does have some power. Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined, in sphinx nose turn, to take Goodman’s concern about the limits of social media seriously. The final piece that helps bolster Goodman’s argument that US news organizations should have more professional foreign correspondents is Essay Goodman’s linguistic + stylistic choices. Goodman uses contrasts to draw the reader deeper into his mindset. By setting up the contrast between professional reporters as “informational filters” that discriminate good from bad and amateur, man-on-the-spot reporters as undiscriminating “funnels,” Goodman forces the reader to view the two in opposition and slave traders admit that professional filters are to be preferred over funnels that add “speculatio, propaganda, and other white noise” to their reporting. In addition, Goodman drives the reader along toward agreeing with his conclusion in the penultimate paragraph of the of India Essay article with the repetition of the phrase “We need.” With every repetition, Goodman hammers even further home the inescapable rightness of his argument. The use of “We” more generally through the article serves to make the readers feel sympathetic towards Goodman and identify with him. By employing the analysis rhetorical techniques of presenting facts, acknowledging the other side, and using persuasive language, Goodman convinces the reader of his claim.

Here are our notes on of India Essay what stands out in this essay (general comments are in purple, spelling/grammar errors are highlighted in yellow): Note that not every 8/8/8 essay needs to have exactly the same items in here, nor do you need to argue in exactly the wild strawberries same way. But the elements in this essay make it a standout and demonstrate clear mastery. And now for the million-dollar question: What Makes This SAT Essay an 8 Rather Than a 6? Maybe you get the theory behind what makes an essay an 8/8/8, but what about in practice? Read on to find out what distinguishes this particular SAT essay as a perfect 8 in Reading, Analysis, and of India Writing. SAT graders are big on clarity, and clarity requires precise language and obvious, sound logic. In this essay, vivid language is african used effectively and Essay appropriately: Goodman is described as bombarding the reader with facts and figures The writer describes Goodman as arguing his point using not just language but persuasive and compelling language : The effect of literacy rate uk Goodman’s argument is not just that it convinces the reader, but that the reader…will find herself predisposed to agree with Goodman’s call for more professional foreign news reporting. All of this clear and precise language helps support and explain the author's point (just as Goodman’s language supports his point in the text!) Effective Analysis and Organization.

The writer's clarity extends to her logic as well. Sufficient background is given to make it clear the writer read and understood the Nayar of India text. The examples used are clear and african logically connected within paragraphs. The writer also makes sure to identify the what/why/what of the author's argumentative devices: What are the techniques the author used to persuade the reader of of India his claim? Why did the author use them? What effect does their use have on the reader? The organization of the essay follows the organization set out in different the introduction: the Essay writer first discusses facts and evidence, then the presentation and refutation of a counterargument, then compelling language. Organization in the essay is african traders aided by Nayar of India transitions between all paragraphs, which create a smooth, consistent argument that is african slave traders easy to follow.

The clarity of the argument and the lack of errors remain consistent from start to of India, finish. African Slave! The highlighted errors are few and Nayar Essay do not detract or distract from the meaning of the essay. The wording of the thesis statement in literacy uk the introduction and the conclusion is Essay similar but not identical, and the description of how Goodman builds his argument is the same. Dos piezas by Raul Hernandez Gonzalez, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original. The author uses a variety of words (marked in blue) and sentence structures to convey similar ideas in Lesson Learned Essay different ways throughout the essay. For instance, social media , man-on-the-ground (or man-on-the-spot ) reporting , citizen journalism , and amateur reporting are all different words and phrases used to describe the same phenomenon of Nayar of India non-professional foreign news correspondents.

Another example of this can be found in Paragraph 4. Egyptian Sphinx Nose! “Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined…” could easily be the simpler “Goodman takes the power of social media seriously, which makes the reader more likely to agree…” This kind of linguistic flourish can be found in Nayar most top-scoring SAT Essays. Great Traditions! Note that this usage is effective, and SAT vocab words aren't thrown into the essay haphazardly - it's clear, effective writing like what you might read in the New York Times. Of India! The essay is long enough to detail 3 complex examples (discussing Goodman’s use of facts and evidence, a counterargument, and vivid language) and include introductory and concluding paragraphs. With the updates to Well Essay, the essay rubric, College Board made it explicit that your essay should have an introduction and conclusion. In The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , they also make it clear that shorter essays will receive lower Writing scores (because if you don't write more than a couple of paragraphs, there's not enough writing by which essay graders can accurately judge your writing abilities). But length means nothing if there isn't valuable information filling the of India Essay space, so long SAT essays also need to be detailed—this author uses the space to give lots of context for her examples. Dos and traditions Don’ts for Nayar of India Essay, an 8/8/8 SAT Essay. The key for a perfect score on different of sampling the SAT essay is to use your time wisely and stay focused on the task. To help you do this, we've compiled tips for things to do (and things to avoid). Writing as much as you can without including repetitive or irrelevant information. Revising the first and last paragraphs (they stand out in readers’ minds).

Making sure you have effective transitions for a seamless essay. Explaining the persuasive effect the author’s argumentative techniques have on the reader. Thinking of “smart-sounding evidence – analysis of how the author used a personal anecdote is just as viable as a discussion of the author’s use of logos and other rhetorical strategies. Trying to correct every single error – the grammar and the spelling do not have to be perfect to score an of India 8 in Writing. This doesn't mean that you should just leave sentence fragments all over the place, but it does mean that accidentally leaving off the last letter of a word or making a small subject/verb agreement error won't be the end of the world (or of your perfect SAT essay score). Spend the extra time trying to write more and develop your points. Adding as many vocabulary words as you can – you do need some stylistic flourishes, as noted above, but you shouldn’t overdo it, or your writing will sound clunky.

How to Train to Improve Your SAT Essay Score. As I mentioned above, most anyone can train to reliably get a 6 on all sections of the nose essay, and many can move beyond that to consistently get 8/6/6, 6/6/8, or 8/8/8. Nayar Essay! Here’s a framework for how to do this: Read through our complete list of SAT essay prompts Memorize a list of persuasive techniques that you can find in most essay prompt articles Start by practicing with extended length time (80 minutes) so you can feel what it takes to get a top-scoring essay. If you’re struggling, you can also split up the different parts of the essay task for Well Essay, practice. For instance, you can practice reading and Nayar of India analyzing articles separately from writing the essay. Find a way to grade your essay. If you can be objective about your writing , you can notice weak spots, especially if you ran out of time but know what to do (and it'll be good practice for analyzing the passage on Well Learned Essay the essay!). Nayar Of India! Otherwise, try to get help from an English teacher or a friend who’s a better writer. Start narrowing the time down to 50 minutes to mirror the actual test. Looking for a great way to prep?

Check out PrepScholar's online prep program. Different Types Of Sampling! It customizes your prep program to Essay, your strengths and weaknesses so you get the most effective prep possible. Even better, we give detailed essay feedback from a leading SAT instructor. Great! You'll get point-by-point comments on where you're falling short, and how to improve your weak spots to Nayar, jump up in SAT essay score. Click below to sign up for our 5-day free trial. Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Lesson Essay Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on Essay the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in different types of sampling high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. Nayar! You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed.

Follow us on nose all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Essay, Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination.

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essay on karma Concepts Compelled by the Modern Scientific Point of view. by Dr. Essay? Rudolf Steiner. FRANCESCO REDI, the Italian natural scientist, was considered a dangerous heretic by the leading scholars of the seventeenth century because he maintained that even the lowest animals originate through reproduction. He narrowly escaped the martyr-destiny of Giordano Bruno or Galileo. For the orthodox scientist of that time believed that worms, insects, and even fish could originate out of lifeless mud. Redi maintained that which today is generally acknowledged: that all living creatures have descended from living creatures. He committed the sin of recognizing a truth two centuries before science found its “irrefutable” proof.

Since Pasteur has carried out his investigations, there can be no longer any doubt about the fact that those cases were merely illusion in which people believed that living creatures could come into existence out of Lesson Essay lifeless substances through “spontaneous generation”. The life germs entering such lifeless substances escaped observation. With proper means, Pasteur prevented the entrance of such germs into substances in which, ordinarily, small living creatures come into Nayar of India existence, and not even a trace of the living was formed. Well Learned Essay? Thus it was demonstrated that the Nayar, living springs only different types of sampling, from the life germ. Redi had been completely correct.

Today, the spiritual scientist, the anthroposophist, finds himself in a situation similar to that of the Italian scientist. On the basis of his knowledge, he must maintain in regard to the soul what Redi maintained in regard to life. He must maintain that the soul nature can spring only from the soul. Essay? And if science advances in the direction it has taken since the seventeenth century, then the time will come when, out of its own nature, science will uphold this view. For — and this must be emphasized again and again — the attitude of wild strawberries analysis thought which underlies the anthroposophical conception of today is no other than the Nayar Essay, one underlying the scientific dictum that insects, worms and fish originate from life germs and not from mud. The anthroposophical conception maintains the postulate: “Every soul originates out of the soul nature,” in the same sense and literacy uk, with the same significance in which the scientist maintains: “Everything living originates out of the Nayar Essay, living.” (See Appendix (a)) Today's customs differ from those of the seventeenth century. The attitudes of mind underlying the customs have not changed particularly.

To be sure, in the seventeenth century, heretical views were persecuted by means no longer considered human today. Today, spiritual scientists, anthroposophists, will not be threatened with burning at the stake: one is satisfied in rendering them harmless by branding them as visionaries and unclear thinkers. Sphinx? Current science designates them fools. The former execution through the inquisition has been replaced by of India, modern, journalistic execution. The anthroposophists, however, remain steadfast; they console themselves in the consciousness that the Well Learned, time will come when some Virchow will say: “There was a time — fortunately it is Nayar of India now superceded — when people believed that the soul comes into existence by itself if certain complicated chemical and types of sampling, physical processes take place within the skull. Today, for Nayar of India every serious researcher this infantile conception must give way to great traditions the statement that everything pertaining to the soul springs from the of India Essay, soul .” One must by no means believe that spiritual science intends to prove its truths through natural science. Different Of Sampling? It must be emphasized, however, that spiritual science has an attitude of mind similar to that of true natural science. The anthroposophist accomplishes in the sphere of the soul life what the nature researcher strives to attain in the domains perceptible to the eyes and Nayar of India, audible to the ears.

There can be no contradiction between genuine natural science and spiritual science. The anthroposophist demonstrates that the laws which he postulates for african the soul life are correspondingly valid also for Nayar Essay the external phenomena of nature. He does so because he knows that the human sense of knowledge can only african, feel satisfied if it perceives that harmony, and not discord, rules among the various phenomenal realms of existence. Today most human beings who strive at Nayar of India Essay all for knowledge and truth are acquainted with certain natural-scientific conceptions. Such truths can be acquired, so to strawberries speak, with the of India Essay, greatest ease. The science sections of newspapers disclose to the educated and uneducated alike the laws according to which the perfect animals develop out of the imperfect, they disclose the profound relationship between man and the anthropoid ape, and smart magazine writers never tire of inculcating their readers with their conception of Lesson Well Learned Essay “spirit” in the age of the “great Darwin.” They very seldom add that in of India Essay, Darwin's main treatise there is to sphinx nose be found the statement: “I hold that all organic beings that have ever lived on this earth have descended from one primordial form into which the creator breathed the breath of life .” ( Origin of Species , Vol. II, chapter XV.) — In our age it is most important to show again and of India, again that Anthroposophy does not treat the conceptions of “the breathing in of life” and the soul as lightly as Darwin and egyptian sphinx, many a Darwinian, but that its truths do not contradict the findings of Essay true nature research. Anthroposophy does not wish to penetrate into the mysteries of spirit-life upon the crutches of natural science of the traders, present age, but it merely wishes to say: “Recognize the laws of the spiritual life and you will find these sublime laws verified in Essay, corresponding form if you descend to the domain in analysis, which you can see with eyes and hear with ears.” Natural science of the present age does not contradict spiritual science; on Nayar of India Essay, the contrary, it is itself elemental spiritual science. Only because Haeckel applied to Well Essay the evolution of animal life the laws which the psychologists since ancient days have applied to the soul, did he achieve such beautiful results in the field of animal life. If he himself is not of Essay this conviction, it does not matter; he simply does not know the laws of the soul, nor is he acquainted with the research which can be carried on in the wild strawberries, field of the soul. (see Note 1).

The significance of his findings in of India, his field is thereby not diminished. Great men have the african traders, faults of their virtues. Our task is to show that Haeckel in of India, the field where he is competent is nothing but an anthroposophist . Rate? — By linking up with the natural-scientific knowledge of the Nayar Essay, present age, still another aid offers itself to types the spiritual scientist. The objects of outer nature are, so to speak, to be grasped by our hands. It is, therefore, easy to expound their laws. It is not difficult to realize that plants change when they are transplanted from one region into another. Nor is of India it hard to visualize that a certain animal species loses its power of eyesight when it lives for a certain length of time in dark caves. By demonstrating the laws which are active in such processes, it is easy to lead over to the less manifest, less comprehensible laws which we encounter in the field of the soul life. — if the anthroposophist employs natural science as an aid, he merely does so in order to illustrate what he is saying.

He has to show that anthroposophic truths, with respective modifications, are to be found in the domain of natural science, and that natural science cannot be anything but elemental spiritual science; and he has to employ natural-scientific concepts in order to lead over to great traditions his concepts of a higher nature. The objection might be raised here that any inclination toward present-day natural-scientific conceptions might put spiritual science into an awkward position for the simple reason that these conceptions themselves rest upon a completely uncertain foundation. It is true: There are scientists who consider certain fundamental principles of Darwinism as irrefutable, and there are others who even today speak of a “crisis in Darwinism.” The former consider the concepts of Nayar Essay “the omnipotence of natural selection” and “the struggle for survival” to be a comprehensive explanation of the evolution of living creatures; the latter consider this “struggle for egyptian nose survival” to be one of the infantile complaints of modern science and speak of the “impotence of natural selection.” — If matters depended upon these specific, problematic questions, it were certainly better for the anthroposophist to Nayar Essay pay no attention to them and to wait for a more propitious moment when an agreement with natural science might be achieved. Traditions? But matters do not depend upon these problems. What is of India important, however, is a certain attitude, a mode of wild strawberries thought within natural-scientific research in Nayar Essay, our age, certain definite great guiding lines, which are adhered to everywhere, even though the thoughts of various researchers and thinkers concerning specific questions diverge widely. It is true: Ernst Haeckel's and Virchow's conceptions of the “genesis of man” diverge greatly. But the anthroposophical thinker might consider himself fortunate if leading personalities were to think as clearly about african certain comprehensive viewpoints concerning the soul life as these opponents think about that which they consider absolutely certain in spite of their disagreement. Nayar? Neither the sphinx nose, adherents of Haeckel nor those of Virchow search today for the origin of worms in of India, lifeless mud; neither the former nor the latter doubt that “all living creatures originate from the living,” in the sense designated above. — In psychology we have not yet advanced so far.

Clarity is completely lacking concerning a view point which might be compared with such scientific fundamental convictions. Whoever wishes to explain the wild strawberries analysis, shape and mode of life of a worm knows that he has to Nayar consider its ovum and ancestors; he knows the direction in which his research must proceed, although the viewpoints may differ concerning other aspects of the great traditions, question, or even the statement may be made that the time is not yet ripe when definite thoughts may be formed concerning this or that point. — Where, in psychology, is there to be found a similar clarity? The fact that the soul (see Appendix (b)) has spiritual qualities, just as the worm has physical ones, does not cause the researcher to of India approach — as he should — the one fact with the same attitude of mind as he approaches the other. To be sure, our age is under the african, influence of thought habits which prevent innumerable people, occupied with these problems, from Essay entering at all properly upon such demands. — True, it will be admitted that the types of sampling, soul qualities of Nayar a human being must originate somewhere just as do the physical ones. The reasons are being sought for the fact that the rate uk, souls of Nayar of India Essay a group of children are so different from one another, although the children all grew up and were educated under identical circumstances; that even twins differ from one another in essential characteristics, although they always lived at the same place and egyptian sphinx nose, under the care of the of India, same nurse. The case of the Siamese Twins is quoted, whose final years of rate uk life were, allegedly, spent in great discomfort in consequence of Nayar their opposite sympathies concerning the North-American Civil War. We do not deny that careful thought and observation have been directed upon such phenomena and that remarkable studies have been made and Lesson Learned, results achieved. But the fact remains that these efforts concerning the soul life are on a par with the efforts of a scientist who maintains that living creatures originate from lifeless mud. In order to explain the lower psychic qualities, we are undoubtedly justified in pointing to the physical forebears and in speaking of heredity, just as we do in the case of bodily traits. But we deliberately close our eyes to the most important aspect of the matter if we proceed in Nayar Essay, the same direction with respect to the higher soul qualities, the great traditions, actually spiritual in man. Nayar Essay? We have become accustomed to regard these higher soul qualities as a mere enhancement, as a higher degree of the wild strawberries analysis, lower ones.

And we therefore believe that an explanation might satisfy us which follows the Nayar, same lines as the explanation offered for the soul qualities of the animal. It is not to be denied that the observation of certain soul functions of egyptian sphinx nose higher animals may easily lead to this mistaken conception. We only need draw attention to the fact that dogs show remarkable proof of a faithful memory; that horses, noticing the loss of a horse shoe, walk of their own accord to the blacksmith who has shod them before; that animals which are shut up in a room, can by themselves open the door; we might quote many more of these astonishing facts. Certainly, the anthroposophist, too, will not refrain from admitting the possibility of continued enhancement of animal faculties. But must we, for that reason, obliterate the difference between the lower soul traits which man shares with the Nayar, animal, and the higher spiritual qualities which man alone possesses? This can only be done by someone who is completely blinded by the dogmatic prejudice of a “science” which wishes to stick fast to the facts of the coarse, physical senses. Simply consider what is established by Well, indisputable observation, namely, that animals, even the highest-developed ones, cannot count and therefore are unable to learn arithmetic. The fact that the human being is distinguished from the animal by his ability to count was considered a significant insight even in ancient schools of wisdom. — Counting is the simplest, the most insignificant of the higher soul faculties.

For that very reason we cite it here, because it indicates the point where the animal-soul element passes over into Nayar of India Essay the spirit-soul element, into the higher human element. Of course, it is very easy to great raise objections here also. First, one might say that we have not yet reached the end of the world and that we might one day succeed in what we have not yet been able to do, namely, to teach counting to intelligent animals. Essay? And secondly, one might point to wild strawberries analysis the fact that the brain has reached a higher stage of perfection in Nayar, man than in the animal, and that herein lies the reason for the human brain's higher degrees of soul activity. We may fully concur with the strawberries analysis, persons who raise these objections. Yet we are in the same position concerning those people who, in regard to the fact that all living creatures spring from the Nayar, living, maintain over and over again that the worm is governed by the same chemical and Lesson Learned, physical laws that govern the mud, only in a more complicated manner. Nothing can be done for a person who wishes to Nayar Essay disclose the secrets of nature by means of african trivialities and what is self-evident. There are people who consider the degree of insight they have attained to be the most penetrating imaginable and to Essay whom, therefore, it never occurs that there might be someone else able to raise the same trivial objections, did he not see their worthlessness. Egyptian Sphinx? — No objection can be raised against of India the conception that all higher processes in the world are merely higher degrees of the lower processes to be found in the mud.

But just as it is impossible for a person of different of sampling insight today to maintain that the worm originates from the mud, so is it impossible for a clear thinker to force the spirit-soul nature into the same concept-pattern as that of the animal-soul nature. Just as we remain within the Nayar of India, sphere of the living in order to explain the descent of the living, so must we remain in Lesson Well Learned, the sphere of the soul-spirit nature in Nayar of India Essay, order to traditions understand the soul-spirit nature's origin. There are facts which may be observed everywhere and which are bypassed by countless people without their paying any attention to them. Then someone appears who, by becoming aware of Nayar one of these facts, discovers a fundamental and Lesson Well, far-reaching truth. It is Nayar Essay reported that Galileo discovered the important law of the pendulum by Lesson Well, observing a swinging chandelier in the cathedral of Pisa. Up to that time, innumerable people had seen swinging church lamps without making this decisive observation. What matters in such cases is that we connect the right thoughts with the of India, things we see. African Slave Traders? Now, there exists a fact which is quite generally accessible and which, when viewed in an appropriate manner, throws a clear light upon the character of the Nayar of India Essay, soul-spirit nature. This is the simple truth that every human being has a biography, but not the animal. To be sure, certain people will say: Is it not possible to write the life story of a cat or a dog?

The answer must be: Undoubtedly it is; but there is also a kind of school exercise which requires the children to describe the fate of traditions a pen. Nayar Of India? The important point here is that the biography has the same fundamental significance in regard to the individual human being as the description of the species has in regard to the animal. Just as I am interested in literacy, the description of the lion-species in regard to the lion, so am I interested in Nayar of India Essay, the biography in regard to the individual human being. By describing their human species, I have not exhaustively described Schiller, Goethe, and Heine, as would be the case regarding the single lion once I have recognized it as a member of its species. The individual human being is more than a member of Learned Essay his species. Like the animal, he shares the characteristics of his species with his physical forebears. But where these characteristics terminate, there begins for Nayar of India the human being his unique position, his task in the world. And where this begins, all possibility of an explanation according to the pattern of animal-physical heredity ceases.

I may trace back Schiller's nose and hair, perhaps even certain characteristics of his temperament, to corresponding traits in his ancestors, but never his genius. And naturally, this does not only hold good for Schiller. This also holds good for Mrs. Nose? Miller of Gotham. In her case also, if we are but willing, we shall find soul-spiritual characteristics which cannot be traced back to her parents and Nayar of India Essay, grand-parents in the same way we can trace the analysis, shape of her nose or the blue color of her eyes. Nayar Of India? It is true, Goethe has said that he had received from his father his figure and his serious conduct of life, and from his little mother his joyous nature and traditions, power of fantasy, and that, as a consequence, nothing original was to be found in the whole man. But in spite of this, nobody will try to trace back Goethe's gifts to father and mother — and Nayar of India, be satisfied with it — in Learned, the same sense in which we trace back the form and manner of life of the lion to his forebears. — This is the Nayar of India Essay, direction in which psychology must proceed if it wishes to parallel the natural-scientific postulate that “all living creatures originate from the living” with the corresponding postulate that “everything of the nature of the soul is to be explained by the soul-nature.” We intend to follow up this direction and show how the laws of egyptian nose reincarnation and karma, seen from this point of view, are a natural-scientific necessity. It seems most peculiar that so many people pass by the question of the origin of the soul-nature simply because they fear that they might find themselves caught in an uncertain field of knowledge. They will be shown what the great scientist Carl Gegenbaur (see Note 2) has said about Darwinism. Even if the direct assertions of Darwin may not be entirely correct, yet they have led to discoveries which without them would not have been made. In a convincing manner Darwin has pointed to Nayar the evolution of one form of life out of another one, and this has stimulated the research into the relationships of african slave such forms.

Even those who contest the Essay, errors of Darwinism ought to realize that this same Darwinism has brought clarity and certainty to literacy rate the research into animal and plant evolution, thus throwing light into dark reaches of the working of nature. Its errors will be overcome by itself. If it did not exist, we should not have its beneficial consequences. In regard to the spiritual life , the person who fears uncertainty concerning the anthroposophical conception ought to concede to it the same possibility; even though anthroposophical teachings were not completely correct, yet they would, out of their very nature, lead to the light concerning the riddles of the soul. To them, too, we shall owe clarity and certainty . Of India? And since they are concerned with our spiritual destiny, our human destination, our highest tasks, the bringing about of traditions this clarity and Nayar, certainty ought to be the wild strawberries analysis, most significant concern of our life. Of India Essay? In this sphere, striving for knowledge is at the same time a moral necessity, an absolute moral duty. David Friedrich Strauss endeavored to slave furnish a kind of Bible for the “enlightened” human being in his book, Der alte und neue Glaube (Faith — Ancient and Modern) . “Modern faith” is to Nayar of India be based on the revelations of african slave natural science , and not on Nayar, the revelations of Learned Essay “ancient faith” which, in the opinion of this apostle of Nayar of India Essay enlightenment, have been superceded. Great Traditions? This new Bible has been written under the of India, impression of Darwinism by a personality who says to himself: Whoever, like myself, counts himself among the enlightened, has ceased, long before Darwin, to believe in “supernatural revelation” and its miracles. He has made it clear to himself that in types of sampling, nature there hold sway necessary, immutable laws, and whatever miracles are reported in the Bible would be disturbances, interruptions of these laws; and Nayar of India, there cannot be such disturbances and interruptions. We know from the laws of nature that the dead cannot be reawakened to life: therefore, Jesus cannot have reawakened Lazarus. — However, — so this enlightened person continues — there was a gap in slave, our explanation of nature. We were able to understand how the Essay, phenomena of the lifeless may be explained through immutable laws of nature; but we were unable to form a natural conception about the origin of the manifold species of plants and animals and of the human being himself.

To be sure, we believed that in their case also we are concerned merely with necessary laws of nature; but we did not know their nature nor their mode of action. Try as we might, we were unable to raise reasonable objection to the statement of Carl von Linné (see Note 3), the great nature-researcher of the eighteenth century, that there exist as many “species in the animal and plant kingdom as were originally created in principle.” Were we not confronted here with as many miracles of creation as with species of great traditions plants and animals? Of what use was our conviction that God was unable to raise Lazarus through a supernatural interference with the natural order, through a miracle, when we had to assume the existence of such supernatural deeds in countless numbers. Of India Essay? Then Darwin appeared and showed us that, through immutable laws of nature (natural selection and struggle for life), the literacy rate, plant and animal species come into existence just as do the lifeless phenomena. Our gap in the explanation of nature was filled. Out of the mood which this conviction engendered in him, David Friedrich Strauss wrote down the following statement of his “ancient and modern belief”: “We philosophers and critical theologians spoke to no purpose in denying the existence of miracles; our authoritative decree faded away without effect because we were unable to prove their dispensability and give evidence of a nature force which could replace them in the fields where up to now they were deemed most indispensable. Nayar Of India Essay? Darwin has given proof of this nature force, this nature process, he has opened the door through which a fortunate posterity will cast the miracle into oblivion.

Everybody who knows what is connected with the concept ‘miracle’ will praise him as one of the greatest benefactors of the human race.” These words express the mood of the victor. Rate Uk? And all those who feel like Strauss may disclose the Nayar, following view of the nose, “modern faith”: Once upon a time, lifeless particles of matter have conglomerated through their inherent forces in Nayar, such a way as to produce living matter. This living matter developed, according to necessary laws, into the simplest, most imperfect living creatures. Analysis? These, according to similarly necessary laws, transformed themselves further into the worm, the fish, the Nayar of India Essay, snake, the marsupial, and sphinx, finally into the ape. And since Huxley, the great English nature researcher, has demonstrated that human beings are more similar in their structure to the most highly developed apes than the Nayar Essay, latter are to the lower apes, what then stands in the way of the assumption that the human being himself has, according to the same natural laws, developed from the higher apes?

And further, do we not find what we call higher human spiritual activity, what we call morals, in an imperfect condition already with the animal. Great Traditions? May we doubt the fact that the animals — as their structure became more perfect, as it developed into the human form, merely on the basis of physical laws — likewise developed the indications of intellect and morals to be found in them to the human stage? All this seems to be perfectly correct. Although everybody must admit that our knowledge of nature will not for a long time to come be in of India Essay, the position to conceive of how what has been described above takes place in detail, yet we shall discover more and more facts and laws; and thus the “modern faith” will gain more and different of sampling, firmer supports. Now it is a fact that the research and Nayar, study of recent years have not furnished such solid supports for this belief; on the contrary, they have contributed greatly to discredit it. Wild Strawberries? Yet it holds sway in ever extending circles and is a great obstacle to every other conviction. There is no doubt that if David Friedrich Strauss and those of Nayar like mind are right, then all talk of higher spiritual laws of existence is an absurdity; the “modern faith” would have to Lesson Well Learned be based solely on the foundations which these personalities assert are the Essay, result of the Learned Essay, knowledge of nature. Yet, whoever with unprejudiced mind follows up the statements of these adherents of the Essay, “modern faith” is confronted by a peculiar fact.

And this fact presses upon us most irresistibly if we look at the thoughts of those people who have preserved some degree of impartiality in the face of the self-assured assertions of rate these orthodox pioneers of progress. For there are hidden corners in the creed of these modern believers. And if we uncover what exists in these corners, then the true findings of modern natural science shine forth in full brilliance, but the opinions of the modern believers concerning the human being begin to fade away. (See Appendix (c)) Let us throw light into a few of these corners. At the outset, let us keep to that personality who is the Nayar of India, most significant and the most venerable of these modern believers. On page 804 of the Essay, ninth edition of Haeckel's Natuerliche Schoepfungsgeschichte (Natural Genesis) we read: “The final result of a comparison of animals and man shows that between the most highly developed animal souls and the lowest human souls there exists only a small quantitative, but no qualitative difference; this difference is much smaller than the difference between the lowest and the highest human souls , or the of India, difference between the different types, highest and the lowest animal souls.” Now, what is the modern believer's attitude toward such a fact?

He announces: we must explain the difference between the lower and the higher animal souls as a consequence of necessary and immutable laws. And we study these laws. We ask ourselves: how did it come about that out of animals with a lower soul have developed those with a higher soul? We look in nature for conditions through which the lower may develop into the higher. We then find, for example, that animals which have migrated to the caves of Kentucky become blind there.

It becomes clear to us that through the sojourn in the darkness the eyes have lost their function. In these eyes the physical and chemical processes no longer take place which were carried out during the act of Essay seeing. The stream of nourishment which has formerly been used for this activity is literacy uk now diverted to other organs. The animals change their shape. In this way, new animal species can arise out of existing ones if only the transformation which nature causes in these species is sufficiently great and manifold. Of India Essay? — What actually takes place here? Nature brings about changes in certain beings; and these changes later also appear in their descendants. We say: they are transmitted by heredity. Thus the coming into existence of new animal and plant species is explained. The modern believers now continue happily in the direction of their explanation. The difference between the lowest human souls and the highest animal souls is not particularly great.

Therefore, certain life conditions in african slave traders, which the higher animal souls have been placed have brought about changes by means of which they became lower human souls. The miracle of the evolution of the human soul has been cast out of the temple of the “modern faith” into Nayar oblivion, to use an expression of egyptian sphinx nose Strauss', and Nayar of India, man has been classified among the animals according to “eternal, necessary” laws. Satisfied, the modern believer retires into traditions peaceful slumber; he does not wish to go further. Honest thinking must disturb his slumber. For this honest thinking must keep alive around his couch the spirits which he himself has evoked.

Let us consider more closely the above statement of of India Haeckel: “the difference (between higher animals and men) is different types of sampling much smaller than the difference between the lowest and the highest human souls.” If the modern believer admits this, may he then indulge in peaceful slumber as soon as he — according to Nayar his opinion — has explained the traditions, evolution of the lower men out of India of the highest animals? No, he must not do this, and if he does so nevertheless, then he denies the whole basis upon which he has founded his conviction . What would a modern believer reply to another who were to say: I have demonstrated how fish have originated from lower living creatures. This suffices. I have shown that everything evolves — therefore the great traditions, species higher than the Nayar of India, fish will doubtless have developed like the fish. There is no doubt that the modern believer would reply: Your general thought of evolution is useless; you must be able to show how the mammals originate; for there is a greater difference between mammals and rate uk, fish than between fish and those animals on a stage directly below them. — And what would have to of India be the consequence of the modern believer's real faithfulness to his creed? He would have to say: the difference between the higher and lower human souls is greater than the difference between these lower souls and the animal souls on traditions, the stage directly below them; therefore I must admit that there are causes in the universe which effect changes in the lower human soul, transforming it in the same way as do the causes, demonstrated by me, which lead the Nayar of India, lower animal form into the higher one. If I do not admit this, the species of wild strawberries analysis human souls remain for me a miracle in regard to their origin, just as the Nayar of India, various animal species remain a miracle to the one who does not believe in the transformation of living creatures through laws of nature.

And this is absolutely correct: the modern believers, who deem themselves so greatly enlightened because they believe they have “cast out” the wild analysis, miracle in the domain of the living, are believers in miracles, nay, even worshipers of the miracle in the domain of the soul life . And only the following fact differentiates them from the believers in miracles, so greatly despised by them: these latter honestly avow their belief; the modern believers, however, have not the slightest inkling of the fact that they themselves have fallen prey to the darkest superstition. And now let us illumine another corner of the of India, “modern belief.” In his Anthropology , Dr. Lesson Well Learned? Paul Topinard (see Note 4) has beautifully compiled the findings of the modern theory of the origin of of India Essay man. At the end of his book he briefly recapitulates the african, evolution of the higher animal forms in the various epochs of the earth according to Haeckel: “At the beginning of the earth period designated by geologists the Nayar, Laurentian period, the first nuclei of albumin were formed by a chance meeting of certain elements, i.e. carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen, under conditions probably only prevailing at that epoch. From them, through spontaneous generation, monads developed (the smallest, imperfect living creatures). These split and multiplied, rearranged themselves into organs, and finally, after a series of transformations which Haeckel estimates as nine, they bestowed life upon certain vertebrae such as the Lesson Well Learned Essay, amphioxus lanceolatus.” We may skip the description of the further animal species in the same direction and add here at once Topinard's concluding sentences: “In the twentieth earth epoch, we find the anthropoid ape approximately during the whole Miocene period; in the twenty-first, the Nayar Essay, man-ape which does not yet possess speech and a corresponding brain. In the twenty-second period, Man finally appears as we know him, at least in his less perfect forms .” And now, after having cited what is to be understood as the “natural-scientific basis of the modern belief,” Topinard, in a few words, makes a significant confession. He says: “ Here the classification comes to an abrupt halt. Great Traditions? Haeckel forgets the of India, twenty-third degree in sphinx nose, which the brilliant Lamarck (see Note 5) and Newton (see Note 6) appear .” A corner in the creed of the of India Essay, modern believer is thereby exposed in which he points with the utmost clarity to facts, concerning which he denies his creed. He is unwilling to rise into the human soul sphere with the concepts with which he tried to find his way in the other spheres of nature. — Were he to different do this, were he, with his attitude of of India mind acquired through the rate, observation of external nature, to enter upon the sphere which Topinard calls the Nayar, twenty-third degree, then he would have to great traditions say to himself: just as I derive the higher animal species from the lower through evolution, so do I derive the higher soul nature from the lower through evolution.

I cannot understand Newton's soul if I do not conceive of it as having sprung from a preceding soul being. And this soul being can never be looked for in the physical ancestors. Were I to look for it there, I would turn upside down the whole method of nature research. How could it ever occur to a scientist to show the evolution of one animal species out of another if the latter, in regard to its physical makeup, were as dissimilar to the former as Newton, in regard to his soul , is to his forebears: One conceives of one animal species having proceeded from a similar one which is merely one degree lower than itself. Therefore, Newton's soul must have sprung from a soul similar to it, but only one degree lower, psychically. Of India? Newton's soul nature is comprised in his biography. Types? I recognize Newton by his biography just as I recognize a lion by the description of of India its species.

And I comprehend the species “lion” if I imagine that it has sprung from a species on a correspondingly lower stage. Thus I comprehend what is egyptian sphinx comprised in Newton's biography if I conceive of Nayar of India Essay it as having developed from the biography of african slave traders a soul which resembles it, is related to it as soul . From this follows that Newton's soul existed already in another form, just as the species “lion” existed previously in a different form. For clear thought, there is no escape from this conception. Only because the modern believers do not have the Nayar of India Essay, courage to think their thoughts through to the end do they not arrive at this final conclusion. Through it, however, the uk, reappearance of the being who is comprised in the biography is of India secured. — Either we must abandon the whole natural-scientific theory of evolution, or we must admit that it must be extended to include the evolution of the soul. There are only two alternatives: either , every soul is created by a miracle , just as the animal species would have to be created by miracles if they have not developed one out of the other, or , the soul has developed and has previously existed in another form, just as the animal species has existed in another form. A few modern thinkers who have preserved some clarity and courage for logical thinking are a living proof of the analysis, above conclusion. They are just as unable to familiarize themselves with the thought of of India soul evolution, so strange to our age, as are the modern believers characterized above. But they at least possess the courage to confess the only other possible view, namely: the miracle of the creation of the soul . Thus, in the book on psychology by Professor Johannes Rehmke (see Note 7), one of the best thinkers of our time, we may read the following: “The idea of creation . appears to wild strawberries us . to Essay be the only one suited to render comprehensible the mystery of the origin of the soul.” Rehmke goes so far as to acknowledge the existence of different of sampling a conscious Universal-Being who, “as the only condition for the origin of the soul, would have to be called the creator of the soul .” Thus speaks a thinker who is unwilling to indulge in gentle spiritual slumber after having grasped the physical life processes, yet who is lacking the capacity of acknowledging the idea that each individual soul has evolved out of Nayar Essay its previous form of existence. Well Learned Essay? Rehmke has the courage to accept the miracle, since he is unable to have the courage to acknowledge the Nayar, anthroposophical view of the reappearance of the traditions, soul, of reincarnation.

Thinkers in whom the natural-scientific striving begins to be developed logically must of necessity arrive at this view. Thus, in the book, Neuchristentum und reale Religion (Neo-Christianity and Real Religion) , by Julius Baumann (see Note 8), professor of philosophy at the University of Goettingen, we find the following (twenty-second) paragraph among the thirty-nine paragraphs of a Sketch of a Summary of Real-Scientific Religion : “Just as in inorganic nature the Essay, physical-chemical elements and forces do not disappear but only change their combinations, so is this also to be assumed, according to the real scientific method, in respect of the sphinx, organic and Nayar, organic-spiritual forces. The Human soul as formal unity, as connecting Ego, returns in new human bodies and is thus enabled to pass through all the stages of great traditions human evolution .” Whoever possesses the full courage for the natural-scientific avowal of faith of the present age must arrive at this conception. This, however, must not be misunderstood;we do not maintain that the more prominent thinkers among the of India, modern believers are cowardly persons, in the ordinary sense of the word. It needed courage, indescribable courage to carry to victory the natural-scientific view in face of the resisting forces of the nineteenth century. (See Appendix (d)) But this courage must be distinguished from the higher one in regard to logical thinking.

Yet just those nature researchers of the present age who desire to erect a world conception out of the findings of their domain are lacking such logical thinking. For, is it not a disgrace if we have to hear a sentence like the following, which was pronounced by the Breslau chemist Albert Ladenburg, in a lecture at a recent (1903) Conference of scientists: “Do we know anything about a substratum of the soul? I have no such knowledge.” After having made this confession, this same man continues: “What is your opinion concerning immortality? I believe that in regard to this question, more than in great traditions, regard to any other, the wish is father to the thought, for I do not know a single scientifically proven fact which might serve as the basis for the belief in immortality.” What would the learned gentleman say if we were confronted by a speaker who said: “I know nothing about chemical facts. I therefore deny the chemical laws, for I know not a single scientifically proven fact which might serve as the basis for these laws.” Certainly, the professor would reply: “What do we care about your ignorance of Nayar of India chemistry? First study chemistry, then do your talking!” Professor Ladenburg does not know anything about egyptian a substratum of the soul; he, therefore, should not bother the world with the findings of his ignorance. Just as the nature researcher, in order to understand certain animal forms, studies the animal forms out of which these former have evolved, so the psychologist, rooted in natural science, must, in order to understand a certain soul form, study the soul form out of which the former has evolved. The skull form of higher animals is explained by scientists as having arisen out of the transformation of the lower animal skull. Therefore, everything belonging to Nayar of India a soul's biography ought to different types be explained by them through the biography of the soul out of which this soul concerned has evolved. The later conditions are the Nayar of India, effects of former ones.

That is to say, the later physical conditions are the effects of former physical conditions; likewise, the later soul conditions are the effects of former soul conditions. This is the content of the Law of african traders Karma which says: all my talents and deeds in my present life do not exist separately as a miracle, but they are connected as effect with the previous forms of existence of my soul and as cause with future ones. Those who, with open spiritual eyes, observe human life and Essay, do not know this comprehensive law, or do not wish to acknowledge it, are constantly confronted by riddles of life. Literacy Rate? Let us quote one example for many. It is contained in Maurice Maeterlinck's book Le Temple Enseveli (The Buried Temple) . This is a book which speaks of these riddles, which appear to Essay present-day thinkers in a distorted shape because they are not conversant with the great laws in spiritual life of cause and effect, of Karma.

Those who have fallen prey to the limited dogmas of the literacy uk, modern believers have no organ for the perception of such riddles. Maeterlinck puts [forth] one of these questions: “If I plunge into the water in zero weather in order to save my fellow man, or if I fall into the water while trying to Nayar of India push him into it, the consequences of the cold I catch will be exactly the same in both cases, and no power in heaven or earth beside myself or the sphinx, man (if he is able to do so) will increase my suffering because I have committed a crime, or will relieve my pain because I performed a virtuous deed.” Certainly; the Essay, consequences in Lesson Well Learned, question here appear to an observation which limits itself to physical facts to be the same in both cases. But may this observation, without further research, be considered complete ? Whoever asserts this holds, as a thinker, the same view point as a person who observes two boys being taught by two different teachers, and who observes nothing else in this activity but the fact that in Essay, both cases the teachers are occupied with the two boys for the same number of hours and carry on sphinx, the same studies. If he were to Nayar enter more deeply upon the facts, he would perhaps observe a great difference between the two cases, and he would consider it comprehensible that one boy grows up to be an inefficient man, while the other boy becomes an excellent and capable human being. — And if the person who is willing to enter upon soul-spiritual connections were to Well Learned observe the above consequences for Nayar Essay the souls of the human beings in question, he would have to say to egyptian sphinx himself: what happens there cannot be considered as isolated facts. Of India Essay? The consequences of a cold are soul experiences, and I must, if they are not to be deemed a miracle, view them as causes and effects in the soul life. The consequences for the person who saves a life will spring from causes different from those for the criminal; or they will, in the one or the great, other case, have different effects.

And if I cannot find these causes and Nayar Essay, effects in the present life of the slave traders, people concerned, if all conditions are alike for this present life, then I must look for the compensation in the past and the future life. Then I proceed exactly like the natural scientist in Nayar Essay, the field of external facts; he, too, explains the lack of eyes in animals living in dark caves by previous experiences, and he presupposes that present-day experiences will have their effects in future formations of races and rate uk, species.